Neuropsychological weaknesses in anorexia nervosa: Set-shifting, central coherence, and decision making in currently ill and recovered women
Article first published online: 13 FEB 2012
Copyright © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 45, Issue 5, pages 685–694, July 2012
How to Cite
Danner, U. N., Sanders, N., Smeets, P. A.M., van Meer, F., Adan, R. A.H., Hoek, H. W. and van Elburg, A. A. (2012), Neuropsychological weaknesses in anorexia nervosa: Set-shifting, central coherence, and decision making in currently ill and recovered women. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 45: 685–694. doi: 10.1002/eat.22007
- Issue published online: 8 JUN 2012
- Article first published online: 13 FEB 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 31 DEC 2011
- central coherence;
- decision making;
- anorexia nervosa;
The purpose of this study is to examine set-shifting, central coherence, and decision making in women currently ill with anorexia nervosa (AN), women recovered from AN, and healthy control women. We aim to test whether these neuropsychological weaknesses persist after recovery, and explore relations between the impairments
Compared to control women, ill and recovered women showed poor set-shifting and decision making. There were strong correlations between set-shifting and central coherence in the ill and recovered women. Decision making did not correlate with the other measures.
The present findings suggest that impaired set-shifting and decision making are stable traits in women with AN. Because individual differences within these groups were large, a rigid thinking style is only present in a (sub)population of ill and recovered women. Decision-making performance is not related to a rigid thinking style, but further research in this area is warranted. © 2012 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.