The research–practice Gap: Bridging the schism between eating disorder researchers and practitioners
Article first published online: 9 MAY 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Special Issue: Transformational Science, Transformational Practice: A Special Issue Dedicated to Michael Strober, Editor-In-Chief from 1983 to 2012.
Volume 46, Issue 5, pages 386–394, July 2013
How to Cite
Lilienfeld, S. O., Ritschel, L. A., Lynn, S. J., Brown, A. P., Cautin, R. L. and Latzman, R. D. (2013), The research–practice Gap: Bridging the schism between eating disorder researchers and practitioners. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 46: 386–394. doi: 10.1002/eat.22090
- Issue published online: 9 MAY 2013
- Article first published online: 9 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 10 DEC 2012
- research-practice gap;
- evidence-based practice;
- randomized controlled trial;
- naive realism;
- confirmation bias;
- placebo effect
The field of eating disorders (EDs) treatment has been beset by a marked disjunction between scientific evidence and clinical application. We describe the nature and scope of the research–practice gap in the ED field.
We draw on surveys and broader literature to better understand the research–practice gap in ED treatment and reasons for resistance to evidence-based practice.
We identify three sources of the research–practice gap: (1) attitudinal factors, (2) differences in the definition of “evidence,” and (3) cognitive factors, especially naïve realism and confirmation bias. We affirm the role of science as a safeguard against human fallibility and as a means of bridging the research–practice gap, and delineate key principles of scientific thinking for ED researchers and practitioners.
We conclude with proposals for narrowing the research–practice gap in ED treatment and enhancing the quality of interventions for ED clients. © 2013 by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2013; 46:386–394)