Motivation to change in the eating disorders: A systematic review
Article first published online: 11 JUL 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 46, Issue 8, pages 755–763, December 2013
How to Cite
Clausen, L., Lübeck, M. and Jones, A. (2013), Motivation to change in the eating disorders: A systematic review. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 46: 755–763. doi: 10.1002/eat.22156
- Issue published online: 20 NOV 2013
- Article first published online: 11 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 28 MAY 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 24 MAY 2013
- motivation to change;
- eating disorders
The aim of the study was to review the eating disorder literature in order to examine the effect of pretreatment autonomous/level of motivation to change on treatment outcome as measured by change in eating disorder pathology.
Relevant databases were systematically searched for studies in which motivation to change prior to treatment was examined in relation to treatment outcome.
Pretreatment autonomous/level of motivation were associated with change in restrictive eating behaviors, bingeing behaviors, and cognitive/affective measures of eating disorder pathology. There was mixed support for the effect of motivation to change on global measures of eating disorder symptoms and virtually no support for the effect of motivation to change on purging behavior.
The level of pretreatment motivation the person exhibits prior to commencement of treatment appears to be helpful in predicting treatment outcome. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2013; 46:755–763)