Are food restriction and pressure-to-eat parenting practices associated with adolescent disordered eating behaviors?
Article first published online: 18 SEP 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 47, Issue 3, pages 310–314, April 2014
How to Cite
Loth, K. A., MacLehose, R. F., Fulkerson, J. A., Crow, S. and Neumark-Sztainer, D. (2014), Are food restriction and pressure-to-eat parenting practices associated with adolescent disordered eating behaviors?. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 47: 310–314. doi: 10.1002/eat.22189
- Issue published online: 4 MAR 2014
- Article first published online: 18 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 8 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 8 AUG 2013
- binge eating;
- weight control behaviors;
To examine associations between parental pressure-to-eat and food restriction and adolescent disordered eating behaviors, within a sample of parent–adolescent pairs.
Adolescents (N = 2,231) and their parents (N = 3,431) participated in two, coordinated, population-based studies designed to examine factors associated with weight and weight-related behaviors in adolescents.
Overall, higher levels of pressure-to-eat or food restriction were significantly and positively associated with use of disordered eating behaviors among boys. For every one unit increase [Scale Range: 1 (low control) to 4 (high control)] in mothers' food restriction, boys were twice as likely to engage in extreme weight control behaviors (p ≤ .01). Examination of the association between food-related parenting practices and disordered eating behaviors among girls revealed fewer significant associations. However, analyses revealed that for every one unit increase in mothers' food restriction, girls were 1.33 times more likely to engage in extreme weight control behaviors (p = .04).
Study findings provide evidence of an association between controlling food-related parenting practices and adolescent disordered eating behaviors, particularly in boys. Future longitudinal research is needed to establish directionality of observed associations. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2014; 47:310–314)