Premature termination of treatment for anorexia nervosa: Differences between patient-initiated and staff-initiated discharge
Article first published online: 27 OCT 2013
Copyright © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Volume 47, Issue 1, pages 40–46, January 2014
How to Cite
Sly, R., Mountford, V. A., Morgan, J. F. and Lacey, J. H. (2014), Premature termination of treatment for anorexia nervosa: Differences between patient-initiated and staff-initiated discharge. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 47: 40–46. doi: 10.1002/eat.22190
- Issue published online: 10 DEC 2013
- Article first published online: 27 OCT 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 14 AUG 2013
- anorexia nervosa;
- treatment outcome;
- therapeutic alliance;
- behavior change
To investigate treatment drop-out by comparing clinical indicators of patients whose discharge was initiated by staff with those who initiated discharge themselves.
Ninety participants with anorexia completed questionnaires at admission and four weeks into hospitalized treatment. Weight data was collected over this same period. At discharge, participants were categorized into completer (n = 38) or patient-initiated (n = 36) /staff-initiated (n = 16) premature termination groups.
Significant differences between staff-initiated and patient-initiated discharge groups were found at admission. Staff initiated groups were on average older (p = .035), and more likely to have had prior compelled treatment (p = .039). At 4 weeks those in the patient-initiated group had put on weight at a faster rate (p = .032) and reported a decrease in alliance (p = .017). At discharge, staff initiated discharge demonstrated greater time in treatment (p = .001), greater weight gain (p = .027), and a higher discharge BMI (p = .013). At discharge, staff-initiated drop-outs had comparable end-of-treatment outcomes to those who completed treatment as planned.
There are key differences between those who prematurely discharge themselves from treatment, compared to those who are prematurely discharged by clinical staff. Future research into drop-out needs to take into account and recognize these differences. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2014; 47:40–46)