Normative data for female adolescents with eating disorders on the Children's depression inventory

Authors

  • Hunna J. Watson MPsych (Clinical), PhD,

    Corresponding author
    1. Eating Disorders Program, Specialised Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, Child and Adolescent Health Service, Perth, Australia
    2. School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
    3. School of Paediatrics and Child Health, Faculty of Medicine, Dentistry and Health Sciences, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia
    4. Department of Psychiatry, UNC Center of Excellence for Eating Disorders, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, North Carolina
    • Correspondence to: Hunna J. Watson, Eating Disorders Program, Princess Margaret Hospital for Children, GPO Box D184, Perth 6840, Western Australia. E-mail: hunna_watson@med.unc.edu

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  • Sarah J. Egan MPsych (Clinical), PhD,

    1. School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
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  • Karina Limburg BSc (Psych),

    1. School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
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  • Kimberley J. Hoiles BSc (Hons) Psych

    1. Eating Disorders Program, Specialised Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service, Child and Adolescent Health Service, Perth, Australia
    2. School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia
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  • Supported by a Targeted Research Fund grant by the Department of Health in Western Australia.

Abstract

Objective

Given the importance of assessing depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation in adolescents with eating disorders (EDs), the aim was to provide normative data on the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) for female adolescents presenting for treatment of an ED.

Method

The data source was the Helping to Outline Paediatric Eating Disorders (HOPE) Project registry (N = 1000), a prospective, ongoing registry study comprising consecutive pediatric tertiary ED referrals. Females (N = 256; 12–17 years) with DSM-5 EDs completed the CDI at intake.

Results

Results on the CDI revealed a pattern of increasing depressive scores with age and higher scores among patients with anorexic spectrum disorders. The prevalence of suicidal ideation was high and had the same pattern as CDI scores. The mean score on the CDI in the sample was higher than community samples and clinical samples of adolescents with post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive compulsive disorder, and other clinical disorders.

Discussion

Females adolescents with EDs are at high-risk of depression and suicidal ideation. These data provide information about variation in CDI scores to guide clinicians in interpretation of scores. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2014; 47:666–670)

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