Supported by R01 AA009367 from National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Developmental trajectories of disordered eating from early adolescence to young adulthood: A longitudinal study
Version of Record online: 4 JUL 2014
© 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
International Journal of Eating Disorders
Special Issue: Developmental Risk for Eating Disorders across the Lifespan
Volume 47, Issue 7, pages 793–801, November 2014
How to Cite
Slane, J. D., Klump, K. L., McGue, M. and Iacono, W. G. (2014), Developmental trajectories of disordered eating from early adolescence to young adulthood: A longitudinal study. Int. J. Eat. Disord., 47: 793–801. doi: 10.1002/eat.22329
- Issue online: 27 OCT 2014
- Version of Record online: 4 JUL 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 17 JUN 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 16 JUN 2014
- Manuscript Received: 15 FEB 2014
- disordered eating;
- growth curve
Research examining changes in eating disorder symptoms across adolescence suggests an increase in disordered eating from early to late adolescence. However, relevant studies have largely been cross-sectional in nature and most have not examined the changes in the attitudinal symptoms of eating disorders (e.g., weight concerns). This longitudinal study aimed to address gaps in the available data by examining the developmental trajectories of disordered eating in females from preadolescence into young adulthood.
Participants were 745 same-sex female twins from the Minnesota Twin Family Study. Disordered eating was assessed using the Total Score, Body Dissatisfaction subscale, Weight Preoccupation subscale, and a combined Binge Eating and Compensatory Behavior subscale from the Minnesota Eating Behavior Survey assessed at the ages of 11, 14, 18, 21, and 25. Several latent growth models were fit to the data to identify the trajectory that most accurately captures the changes in disordered eating symptoms from 11 to 25 years.
The best-fitting models for overall levels of disordered eating, body dissatisfaction, and weight preoccupation showed an increase in from 11 through 25 years. In contrast, bulimic behaviors increased to age of 18 and then stabilized to age of 25.
The findings expanded upon extant research by investigating longitudinal, symptom specific, within-person changes and showing an increase in cognitive symptoms into young adulthood and the stability of disordered eating behaviors past late adolescence. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Int J Eat Disord 2014; 47:793–801)