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REFERENCES

  • References to studies included in this review
  • Bauman 1991 {published data only}
  • Bauman KE, Brown JD, Bryan ES, Fisher LA, Padgett CA, Sweeney JM. Three mass media campaigns to prevent adolescent smoking. Preventive Medicine 1988;17(5):510-30.
  • * Bauman KE, LaPrelle J, Brown JD, Koch GG, Padgett CA. The influence of three mass media campaigns on variables related to adolescent cigarette smoking: Results of a field experiment. American Journal of Public Health 1991;81:597-604.
  • Bauman KE, Padgett CA, Koch GG. A media-based campaign to encourage personal communication among adolescents about not smoking cigarettes: participation, selection and consequences. Health Education Research 1989;4:35-44.
  • Brown JD, Bauman K E, Padgett CA. A validity problem in measuring exposure to mass-media campaigns. Health Education Quarterly 1990;17:299-306.
  • La Prelle J, Bauman KE, Koch GG. High intercommunity variation in adolescent cigarette smoking in a 10-community field experiment. Evaluation Review 1992;16:115-130.
  • Flay 1995 {published data only}
  • Brannon BR, Dent CW, Flay BR, Sussman S, Pentz MA, Johnson CA, et al.The television, school, and family smoking prevention and cessation project: V The impact of curriculum delivery format on program acceptance. Preventive Medicine 1989;18:492-502.
  • Flay BR, Brannon BR, Johnson CA, Hansen WB, Ulene AL, Whitney-Saltiel DA. The television, school and family smoking prevention and cessation project. I Theoretical basis and program development. Preventive Medicine 1988;17:585-607.
  • * Flay BR, Miller TQ, Hedeker D, Siddiqui O, Britton CF, Brannon BR, et al.The television, school, and family smoking prevention and cessation project. VIII student outcomes and mediating variables. Preventive Medicine 1995;24:29-40.
  • Sussman S, Brannon BR, Flay BR, Gleason L, Senor S, Sobol D, et al.The television, school and family prevention/cessation project. II. Formative evaluation of television segments by teenagers and parents- implications for parental involvement in drug education. Health Education Research 1986;1:185-194.
  • Sussman S, Dent CW, Brannon BR, Glowacz K. The television, school and family smoking prevention/cessation project. IV. Controlling for program success expectancies across experimental and control conditions. Addictive Behaviors 1989;14:601-10.
  • Flynn 1995 {published data only}
  • * Flynn BS, Worden JK, Secker-Walker RH, Badger GJ, Geller BM. Cigarette smoking prevention effects of mass media and school interventions targeted to gender and age groups. Journal of Health Education 1995;26(2):45-51.
  • Flynn BS, Worden JK, Secker-Walker RH, Badger GJ, Geller BM, Costanza MC. Prevention of cigarette smoking through mass media intervention and school programs. American Journal of Public Health 1992;82:827-34.
  • Flynn BS, Worden JK, Secker-Walker RH, Pirie PL, Badger GJ, Carpenter JH. Long-term responses of higher and lower risk youths to smoking prevention interventions. Preventive Medicine 1997;26:389-94.
  • Flynn BS, Worden JK, Secker-Walker RH, Pirie PL, Badger GJ, Carpenter JH, Geller BM. Mass media and school interventions for cigarette smoking prevention: effects 2 years after completion. American Journal of Public Health 1994;84:1148-50.
  • Secker Walker RH, Worden JK, Holland RR, Flynn BS, Detsky AS. A mass media programme to prevent smoking among adolescents: costs and cost effectiveness. Tobacco Control 1997;6:207-12.
  • Worden JK, Flynn BS. Effective use of mass media to prevent cigarette smoking. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice 2000;6(3):vii-viii.
  • Worden JK, Flynn BS, Geller BM, Chen M, Shelton LG, Secker-Walker RH, et al.Development of a smoking prevention mass media program using diagnostic and formative research. Preventive Medicine 1988;17:531-58.
  • Worden JK, Flynn BS, Solomon LJ, Secker-Walker RH, Badger GJ, Carpenter JH. Using mass media to prevent cigarette smoking among adolescent girls. Health Education Quarterly 1996;23:453-68.
  • Flynn 2010 {published data only}
  • * Flynn BS, Worden JK, Bunn JY, Solomon LJ, Ashikaga T, Connolly SW, et al.Mass media interventions to reduce youth smoking prevalence. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2010;39:53-62.
  • Solomon LJ, Bunn JY, Flynn BS, Pirie PL, Worden JK, Ashikaga T. Mass media for smoking cessation in adolescents. Health Education and Behavior 2009;36:642-59.
  • Hafstad 1997 {published data only}
  • Hafstad A. Provocative anti-smoking appeals in mass media campaigns. An intervention study on adolescent smoking. Institute of General Practice and Community Medicine. Oslo, University of Oslo, 1997.
  • Hafstad A, Aaro LE. Activating interpersonal influence through provocative appeals: evaluation of a mass media based antismoking campaign targeting adolescents. Health Communication 1997;9(3):253-272.
  • Hafstad A, Aaro LE, Engeland A, Andersen A, Langmark F, Stray-Pedersen B. Provocative appeals in anti-smoking mass media campaigns targeting adolescents - the accumulated effect of multiple exposures. Health Education Research 1997;12:227-36.
  • Hafstad A, Stray-Pederson B, Langmark F. Use of provocative emotional appeals in a mass media campaign designed to prevent smoking among adolescents. European Journal of Public Health 1997;7:122-7.
  • Longshore 2006 {published data only}
  • Ellickson PL, McCaffrey DF, Ghosh-Dasidar B, Longshore D. New Inroads in Preventing Adolescent Drug Use: Results From a Large-Scale Trial of Project ALERT in Middle Schools. Adolescent Health 2003;93(11):1830-1836.
  • Ghosh-Dasidar B, Longshore D, Ellickson PL, McCaffrey DF. Modifying Pro-Drug Risk Factors in Adolescents: Results From Project ALERT. Health Education and Behavior 2004;31:318-334.
  • Longshore D, Ellickson PL, McCaffrey DF, St Clair PA. School-based drug prevention among at-risk adolescents: effects of ALERT plus. Health Education and Behavior 2007;34:651-68.
  • * Longshore D, Ghosh-Dastidar B, Ellickson PL. National youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign and school-based prevention: Evidence for a synergistic effect in ALERT Plus. Addictive Behaviors 2006;31:493-508.
  • Worden 1983 {published data only}
  • Worden JK, Flynn BS, et al.Using television messages to prevent smoking among adolescents. American Public Health Association Annual Meeting. American Public Health Association Annual Meeting. 1983; Dallas: Office of Health Promotion Research and Biometry Facility, College of Medicine, Department of Mathematics (Statistics Program) College of Engineering and Mathematics, University of Vermont; 1983..
  • References to studies excluded from this review
  • Andrade 1991 {published data only}
  • Andrade e Silva MI. Smoking prevention through health promotion. A novel experience in schools of the northern region of Portugal [La prevention du tabagisme par la promotion de la sante. Une experience novatrice dans les establissements scolaires de la region nord du Portugal]. Hygie 1991;10(4):26-31.
  • Baan 1990 {published data only}
  • Baan B. Prevention of smoking in young children in Holland: Education and changing attitudes. Lung 1990;168:320-6.
  • Baudier 1991 {published data only}
  • Baudier F, Henry Y, Marchais M, Dorier J, Lombardet A, Llaona P, Pinochet C. The "Besancon smoke-free" programme. Concepts, measures and evaluation. Hygie 1991;10(4):18-25.
  • Becker 1989 {published data only}
  • Becker SL, Burke JA, Arbogast RA, Naughton MJ, Bachman I, Spohn E. Community program to enhance in-school anti-tobacco efforts. Preventive Medicine 1989;18:221-8.
  • Bergamaschi 2000 {published data only}
  • Bergamaschi A, Gambi A, Gentilini F, Monti C, Stampi S, Zanetti F. Tobacco Smoking among High School Students in Romagna (Italy) and Evaluation of a Prevention Campaign. Substance Use & Misuse 2000;35(9):1277-95.
  • Biener 2000 {published data only}
  • Biener L. Adult and Youth Response to the Massachusetts Anti-Tobacco Television Campaign. Journal of Public Health Management Practice 2000;6(3):40-44.
  • Biener L. Anti-tobacco advertisements by Massachusetts and Philip Morris: what teenagers think. Tobacco Control 2002;11:ii43-ii46.
  • Biglan 1988 {published data only}
  • Biglan A, James LE, LaChance P, Zoref L, Joffe J. Videotaped materials in a school-based smoking prevention program. Preventive Medicine 1988;17:559-84.
  • Campion 1994 {published data only}
  • Campion P, Owen L, McNeill A, McGuire C. Evaluation of a mass media campaign on smoking and pregnancy. Addiction 1994;89:1245-54.
  • Carleton 1995 {published data only}
  • Carleton RA, Lasater TM, Assaf AR, Feldman HA, McKinlay S. The Pawtucket Heart Health Program: community changes in cardiovascular risk factors and projected disease risk. American Journal of Public Health 1995;85:777-85.
  • CDC 2004 {published data only}
  • CDC - Centres for Disease Control and Prevention. Effect of Ending an Antitobacco Youth Campaign on Adolescent Susceptibility to Cigarette Smoking - Minnesota, 2002-2003. MMWR - Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report April 16, 2004;53(14):301-304.
  • Cernada 1989 {published data only}
  • Cernada GP, Darity WA, Chen TTL, Winder AE, et al.Mass media among black smokers: a first look. International Quarterly of Community Health Education 1989-90;10:347-64.
  • Cowell 2009 {published data only}
  • Cowell A. Farrelly M, Chou R, Vallone D. Assessing the impact of the national 'truth' antismoking campaign on beliefs, attitudes, and intent to smoke by race/ethnicity. Ethnicity & Health February 2009;14(1):75-91.
  • Cragg 1992 {published data only}
  • Cragg, Ross, Dawson. Teenage smoking mass media campaign. London: Health Education Authority, 1992.
  • Duke 2009 {published data only}
  • Duke JC, Vallone DM, Allen JA, Cullen J, Mowery PD, Xiao H, Dorrier N, Asche ET, Healton C. Increasing youths' exposure to a tobacco prevention media campaign in rural and low-population-density communities. Research and Practice 2009;99:2210-16.
  • Edwards 2004 {published data only}
  • Edwards C, Harris W, Cook D, et al.Out of the Smokescreen: does an anti-smoking advertisement affect young women's perception of smoking in movies and their intention to smoke?. Tobacco Control 2004;13:277-282.
  • Egger 1983 {published data only}
  • Egger G, Fitzgerald W, Frape G, Moneam A, Rubinstein P, Tyler C, et al.Results of large scale media antismoking campaign in Australia: North Coast "Quit for Life" programme. BMJ 1983;287:1125-1128.
  • Evans 1981 {published data only}
  • Evans RI, Rozelle RM, Maxwell SE, Raines BE, Dill CA, Guthrie TJ. Social modeling films to deter smoking in adolescents: Results of a three-year field investigation. Journal of Applied Psychology 1981;66:399-414.
  • Farquhar 1991 {published data only}
  • Farquhar JW. The Stanford Cardiovascular Disease Prevention Programs. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1991;623:327-31.
  • Farrelly 2009 {published data only}
  • Farrelly M, Nonnemaker J, Davis K, Hussin A. The Influence of the National truth Campaign Smoking Initiation. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2009;36(5):379-384.
  • Flay 1987a {published data only}
  • Flay BR, Hansen WB, Johnson CA, Collins LM. Implementation effectiveness trial of a social influences smoking prevention program using schools and television. Health Education Research 1987;2:385-400.
  • Flay 1987b {published data only}
  • Flay BR. Selling the Smokeless Society: fifty-six evaluated mass media programs and campaigns worldwide. Washington: American Public Health Association, 1987.
  • Flay 1989 {published data only}
  • Flay BR, Gruder CL, Warnecke RB, Jason LA, Peterson P. One year follow-up of the Chicago televised smoking cessation program. American Journal of Public Health 1989;79(10):1377-80.
  • Warnecke RB, Langenberg P, Wong SC, Flay BR, Cook TD. The second Chicago televised smoking cessation program: a 24-month follow-up. American Journal of Public Health 1992;82:835-40.
  • Frith 1997 {published data only}
  • Frith C, Roberts C, Kingdon A, Tudor-Smith C. An evaluation of the 1996 No Smoking Day in Wales. Health Education Journal 1997;56:287-95.
  • Hammond 1990 {published data only}
  • Hammond SL, Freimuth VS, Morrison W. Radio and teens: Convincing gatekeepers to air health messages. Health Communication 1990;2(2):59-67.
  • Harty 1993 {published data only}
  • Harty KC. Animals and butts: Minnesota's media campaign against tobacco. Tobacco Control 1993;2:271-4.
  • Hawkins 1987 {published data only}
  • Hawkins RP, Gustafson DH, Chewning B, Bosworth K, et al.Reaching hard-to-reach populations: interactive computer programs as public information campaigns for adolescents. Journal of Communication 1987;Spring:8-28.
  • HEBS 1997 {published data only}
  • Ratcliffe J, Cairns J, Platt S. Cost effectiveness of a mass media-led anti-smoking campaign in Scotland. Tobacco Control 1997;6:104-110.
  • Hong 2008 {published data only}
  • Hong T, Johnson C, Myers L, Boris N, Brewer D, Webber L. Process Evaluation of an In-School Anti-Tobacco Media Campaign in Louisiana. Public Health Reports 2008;123:781.
  • Hornik 2008 {published data only}
  • Hornik R, Jacobsohn L, Orwin R, Piesse A, Kalton G. Effects of the National Youth Anti-Drug Media Campaign on Youths. Research and Practice 2008;98(12):2229-2236.
  • Hunkeler 1990 {published data only}
  • Hunkeler EF, Davis EM, McNeil B, Powell JW, et al.Richmond Quits Smoking: a minority community fights for health. In: Bracht N editor(s). Health promotion at the community level. Newbury Park (CA): Sage Publications, 1990.
  • Jacob 1985 {published data only}
  • Jacob M. Superman versus Nick O'Teen - a children's anti-smoking campaign. Health Education Journal 1985;44:15-8.
  • Jason 1994 {published data only}
  • Jason LA, Pokorny AL, Kohner K, Bennetto L. An evaluation of the short-term impact of a media-based substance abuse prevention programme. Journal of Community and Applied Social Psychology 1994;4:63-9.
  • Jefferys 1963 {published data only}
  • Jefferys M. Smoking amongst school children; an assessment of the effect on school children of a television programme and of recent publicity on the ill-effects of smoking. Medical Officer 1963;15th February:91-4.
  • Jorgensen 1988 {published data only}
  • Jorgensen CM. Preventing adolescent smoking: an evaluation of the communication process using messages from a mass media campaign. Chapel Hill (NC): Chapel Hill (NC), 1988.
  • Kaufman 1994 {published data only}
  • Kaufman JS, Jason LA, Sawlski LM, Halpert JA. A comprehensive multi-media program to prevent smoking among Black students. Journal of Drug Education 1994;24:95-108.
  • Lando 1995 {published data only}
  • Lando HA, Pirie PL, Dusich KH, Elsen C, Bernards J. Community incorporation of quit and win contests in Bloomington, Minnesota. American Journal of Public Health 1995;85:263-4.
  • Lang 2010 {published data only}
  • Lang P, Strunk M. Tobacco prevention.The "smoke-free" youth campaign [Tabakpravention der Bundeszentrale fur gesundheitliche Aufklarung Die "rauchfrei"-Jugendkampagne]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz 2010;53(2):125-32.
  • Marin 1994 {published data only}
  • Marin BV, Perez-Stable EJ. Marin G. Hauck W W. Effects of a community intervention to change smoking behavior among Hispanics. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 1994;10:340-7.
  • Marin G, Marin BV, Perez-Stable EJ, Sabogal F, Otero-Sabogal R. Changes in information as a function of a culturally appropriate smoking cessation community intervention for Hispanics. American Journal of Community Psychology 1990;18:847-864.
  • Mattey 2003 {published data only}
  • Mattey E. Knights Against Tobacco: Teens Lead the Charge to Prevent Tobacco Use Among Adolescents. Pediatric Nursing Sep-Oct 2003;29(5):390-396.
  • McCaffrey 1998 {published data only}
  • McCaffrey BR. Drugs and the media. Communicating in today's multi-media market. Vital Speeches of the Day 1998;64:610-612.
  • McPhee 1995 {published data only}
  • McPhee SJ, Jenkins CNH, Wong C, Fordham D, et al.Smoking cessation intervention among Vietnamese Americans: a controlled trial. Tobacco Control 1995;4:S16-24.
  • McVey 1998 {published data only}
  • McVey D, Stapleton J. Can anti-smoking television advertising affect smoking behaviour? Controlled trial of the Health Education Authority for England's anti-smoking TV campaign. Tobacco Control 2000;9:273-82.
  • Mudde 1995 {published data only}
  • Mudde AN, de Vries H, Dolders MGT. Evaluation of a Dutch community-based smoking cessation intervention. Preventive Medicine 1995;24:61-70.
  • Murray 1992 {published data only}
  • Murray DM, Perry CL, Griffin G, Harty KC, Jacobs DR, Schmid L, Daly K, Pallonen U. Results from a statewide approach to adolescent tobacco use prevention. Preventive Medicine 1992;21:449-72.
  • Murray DM, Prokhorov AV, Harty KC. Effects of a statewide antismoking campaign on mass media messages and smoking beliefs. Preventive Medicine 1994;23:54-60.
  • Nutbeam 1989 {published data only}
  • Nutbeam D, Smith C, Murphy S, Catford J. Maintaining evaluation designs in long term community based health promotion programmes: Heartbeat Wales case study. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 1989;47:127-33.
  • O'Loughlin 1995 {published data only}
  • O'Loughlin J, Paradis G, Kishchuk N, Gray-Donald K, Renaud L, Fines P, et al.Coeur en sante St-Henri - a heart health promotion programme in Montreal, Canada: design and methods for evaluation. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 1995;49:495-502.
  • Orth 2010 {published data only}
  • Orth B, Toppich J. Changes in knowledge, attitudes, and smoking behavior among young people in Germany. Results of repeated, representative surveys by the BZgA [Veranderungen von Wissen, Einstellungen und Rauchverhalten bei Jugendlichen in Deutschland. Ergebnisse wiederholter Reprasentativbefragungen der Bundeszentrale fur gesundheitliche Aufklarung]. Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz 2010;53(2):133-43.
  • Owen 1995 {published data only}
  • Owen L, Bolling K. Tracking teenage smoking. London: Health Education Authority, Jan 1995. [: ISBN 0 7521 0532 9]
  • Pentz 1989 {published data only}
  • Murray DM, Perry CL, Griffin G, Harty KC, Jacobs DR, Schmid L, et al.Results from a statewide approach to adolescent tobacco use prevention. Preventive Medicine 1992;21:449-72.
  • Pentz MA, Dwyer JH, Mackinnon DP, Flay BR, Hansen WB, et al.A multicommunity trial for primary prevention of adolescent drug abuse. Effects on drug use prevalence. JAMA 1989;261:3259-66.
  • Pentz MA, Mackinnon DP, Dywer KM, Wang EY, Hansen WB, Flay BR. Longitudinal effects of the Midwestern prevention project on regular and experimental smoking in adolescents. Preventive Medicine 1989;18:304-21.
  • Peracchio 1998 {published data only}
  • Peracchio LA, Luna D. The development of an advertising campaign to discourage smoking initiation among children and youth. Journal of Advertising 1998;XXVII:49-56.
  • Perry 1989 {published data only}
  • Luepker RV, Perry CL. The Minnesota Heart Health Program: Education for youth and parents. Conference: Hyperlipidemia in childhood and the development of atherosclerosis (1990, Bethesda, Maryland). Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1991;623:3 14-21.
  • Perry C, Luepker RV, Sillers C. Community wide strategies for cardiovascular health: the Minnesota Heart Health Program youth program. Health Education Research 1989;4:87-101.
  • Perry CL, Kelder SH, Murray DM, Klepp KI. Community-wide smoking prevention: long term outcomes of the Minnesota health heart programme and the class of 1989 study. American Journal of Public Health 1992;82:1210-6.
  • Pierce 1990 {published data only}
  • Macaskill P, Pierce JP, Simpson JM, Lyle DM. Mass-media led anti-smoking campaign can remove the education gap in quitting behaviour. American Journal of Public Health 1994;82:96-8.
  • * Pierce JP, Macaskill P, Hill D. Long-term effectiveness of mass media led antismoking campaigns in Australia. American Journal of Public Health 1990;80:565-9.
  • Platt 1997 {published data only}
  • Platt S, Tannahill A, Watson J, Fraser E. Effectiveness of antismoking telephone helpline: Follow up survey. BMJ 1997;314:1371-5.
  • Popham 1994 {published data only}
  • Elder JP, Edwards CC, Conway TL, Kenney E, Johnson CA, Bennett ED. Independent evaluation of the California Tobacco Education Program. Public Health Reports 1996;111:353-8.
  • Popham WJ, Potter LD, Bal DG, Johnson MD, Duerr JM, Quinn V. Do anti-smoking media campaigns help smokers quit?. Public Health Reports 1993;108:510-3.
  • Popham WJ, Potter LD, Hetrick MA, Muthen LK, Duerr JM, Johnson MD. Effectiveness of the California 1990-1991 tobacco education media campaign. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 1994;10:319-26.
  • Ramirez 1988 {published data only}
  • Ramirez AG, McAlister AL. Mass media campaign--A Su Salud. Preventive Medicine 1988;17:608-21.
  • Ramirez 1997 {published data only}
  • Ramirez AG, Gallion KJ, Espinoza R, McAlister A, Chalela P. Developing a media- and school-based program for substance abuse prevention among Hispanic youth: a case study of Mirame!/Look at me!. Health Education & Behavior 1997;24:603-12.
  • Reis 1994 {published data only}
  • Reis EC, Duggan AK, Adger H, Deangelis C. The impact of anti-drug advertising- Perception of middle and high school-students. Archives of Pediatric & Adolescent Medicine 1994;148:1262-8.
  • Riester 1998 {published data only}
  • Riester T, Linton, M. Designing an effective counter advertising campaign - Arizona. Cancer 1998;83:2746-51.
  • Rossouw 1993 {published data only}
  • * Rossouw JE, Jooste PL, Chalton DO, Jordaan ER, Langenhoven ML, Jordaan PCJ. Community-based intervention: The coronary risk factor study (CORIS). International Journal of Epidemiology 1993;22:428-38.
  • Steyn K, Steyn M, Swanepoel ASP, Jordaan PCJ, Jooste PL, Fourie JM, et al.Twelve-year results of the coronary risk factor study (CORIS). International Journal of Epidemiology 1997;26:964-71.
  • Schmidt 2009 {published data only}
  • Schmidt E, Kiss S, Lokanc-Diluzio W. Changing social norms: A mass media campaign for youth Ages 12-18. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2009;100:41-5.
  • Slater 2006 {published data only}
  • Slater M, Kelly K, EdwardsR, Thurman P, Plested B, Keefe T, Lawrence F, Henry K. Combining in-school and community-based media efforts: reducing marijuana and alcohol uptake among younger adolescents. Health Education Research 2006;21(1):157-167.
  • Sly 2001 {published data only}
  • Bauer U, Johnson T, Hopkins R, Roberts B. Changes in Youth Cigarette Use and Intentions Following Implementation of a Tobacco Control Program: Findings From the Florida Youth Tobacco Survey, 1998-2000. Journal of the American Medical Association 2000;284:723-728.
  • Dietz NA, Westphal L, Arheart KL, Lee DJ, Huang Y, Sly DF, Davila E. Changes in youth cigarette use following the dismantling of an antitobacco media campaign in Florida. Preventing Chronic Disease 2010;7(3):1-4. [:www.cdc.gov/pcd/issues/2010/may/09_0157.htm]
  • * Sly D, Heald G, Ray S. The Florida "truth" anti-tobacco media evaluation: design, first year results, and implications for planning future state media evaluations. Tobacco Control 2001;10:9-15.
  • Sly D, Hopkins R, Trapido E, Ray S. Influence of a Counteradvertising Media Campaign on Initiation of Smoking: The Florida "truth" Campaign. American Journal of Public Health 2001;91:233-8.
  • Sly D, Trapido E, Ray S. Evidence of the Dose Effects of an Antitobacco Counteradvertising Campaign. Preventive Medicine 2002;35:511-518.
  • Zucker D, Hopkins R, Sly D, Urich J, Kershaw J, Solari S. Florida's "truth" Campaign: A Counter-Marketing, Anti-Tobacco Media Campaign. Journal of Public Health Management Practice 2000;6(3):1-6.
  • Sussman 1987 {published data only}
  • Sussman S, Flay BR, Sobel J, Rauch JM. Viewing and evaluation of a televised drug education program by students previously or concurrently exposed to school-based substance abuse prevention programming. Health Education Research 1987;2:373-83.
  • Sutton 1987 {published data only}
  • Sutton SR, Hallett R. Experimental evaluation of the BBC TV series " So you want to stop smoking". Addictive Behaviors 1987;12:63-366.
  • Tamir 2001 {published data only}
  • Tamir D, Polachek D, Zivlin O, Amikam Y, Avraham M, Weinstein R. Smoking Prevention campaign for youth in Israel. Public Health Review 2001;29:185-194.
  • Tilgren 1995 {published data only}
  • Tillgren P, Haglund BJA, Ainetdin T, Thornqvist E, et al.Effects of different intervention strategies in the implementation of a nationwide tobacco 'Quit and Win' contest in Sweden. Tobacco Control 1995;4:344-50.
  • Vallone 2009 {published data only}
  • Vallone DM, Allen JA, Xiao H. Is socioeconomic status associated with awareness of and receptivity to the Truth Campaign?. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2009;107:S115-S120.
  • Valois 1996 {published data only}
  • Valois RF, Adams KG, Kammermann SK. One-year evaluation results from CableQuit - a community cable-television smoking cessation pilot program. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 1996;19:479-99.
  • van Teijilingen 1995 {published data only}
  • McLean J, van Teijlingen ER, Mapp TJ. Literature Review: A review of the written work of the UK Smokebusters Projects. Ayrshire & Arran, Ayr, Scotland, Ayrshire & Arran Community Health Care NHS Trust 1995.
  • van Teijlingen E, Friend J, Twine FE. Problems of evaluation: lessons from a Smokebusters campaign. Health Education Journal 1995;54:357-66.
  • van Teijlingen ER, Friend JA, Twine F. Evaluation of Grampian Smokebusters: a smoking prevention initiative aimed at young teenagers. Journal of Public Health Medicine 1996;18:13-8.
  • van Teijlingen ER, Mapp TJ, Kerr A. Smokebusters Ayrshire & Arran: Evaluation Report. Ayrshire & Arran, Ayr, Scotland, Ayrshire & Arran Community Health Care NHS Trust 1995.
  • Vartiainen 1983 {published data only}
  • Vartiainen E, Fallonen U, McAlister AL, Puska P. Eight-year follow-up results of an adolescent smoking prevention program: the North Karelia Youth Project. American Journal of Public Health 1990;80:78-9.
  • Vartiainen E, Paavola M, McAlister A. Fifteen-year follow-up of smoking prevention effects in the North Karelia Youth Project. American Journal of Public Health 1998;88:81-85.
  • Vartiainen E, Pallonen U, McAlister A, Koskela K, Puska P. Effect of two years of education intervention on adolescent smoking (The North Karelia Youth Project). Bulletin of the World Health Organisation 1983;61:529-32.
  • Vartiainen E, Pallonen U, McAlister A, Koskela K, Puska P. Four year follow-up of the smoking prevention program in the North Karelia Youth project. Preventive Medicine 1986;15:692-8.
  • Vartiainen 1996 {published data only}
  • Vartiainen E, Saukko A, Paavola M, Vertio H. "No Smoking Class" competitions in Finland: their value in delaying the onset of smoking in adolescence. Health Promotion International 1996;11:189-192.
  • Vicary 1996 {published data only}
  • Vicary JR, Swisher JD, Doebler MK, Yuan J. Rural community substance abuse prevention and intervention. Family & Community Health 1996;19:59-72.
  • Wewers 1991 {published data only}
  • Wewers ME, Ahijevych K, Page JA. Evaluation of a mass media community smoking cessation campaign. Addictive Behaviors 1991;16:289-94.
  • Wheeler 1988 {published data only}
  • Wheeler R. Effects of a community-wide smoking cessation program. Social Science & Medicine 1988;27:1387-92.
  • Winkleby 1993 {published data only}
  • Winkleby MA, Fortmann SP, Rockhill B. Cigarette smoking trends in adolescents and young adults: the Stanford Five-City Project. Preventive Medicine 1993;22:325-34.
  • Woods 1991 {published data only}
  • Woods C. Anti-smoking education: working with the teenager magazine market. Health Education Journal 1991;50:19-26.
  • Yoffe 1992 {published data only}
  • Yoffe SJ, Boren JB. Follow-up study of a field-based campaign against tobacco usage for children in grades six through eight. Texas Medicine 1994;90(9):71-4.
  • * Yoffe SJ, Tolson H. Effect of a field-based campaign against tobacco use for children in grades six through eight. Texas Medicine 1992;88(2):76-80.
  • Additional references
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  • Babar 2010
  • Babar AA, Stigler MH, Perry CL, Arora M, Shrivastav R, Reddy KS. Tobacco-use psychosocial risk profiles of girls and boys in urban India: Implications for gender-specific tobacco intervention development. Nicotine & Tobacco Research Jan 2010;12(1):29-36. [DOI: 10.1093/ntr/ntp169]
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  • Badovinac K. Smoking cessation programs for adolescents: an overview of the literature (Literature Reviews Series No. 2 ). Toronto: Ontario Public Health Association, 1995.
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