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REFERENCES

  • References to studies included in this review
  • Antila 2006 {published data only}
  • Antila H, Manner T, Kuurila K, Salantera S, Kujala R, Aantaa R. Ketoprofen and tramadol for analgesia during early recovery after tonsillectomy in children. Paediatric Anaesthesia 2006;16:548-53. [MEDLINE: 16677265]
  • Gunter 1995 {published data only}
  • * Gunter JB, Varughese AM, Harrington JF, Wittkugel EP, Patankar SS, Matar MM, et al.Recovery and complications after tonsillectomy in children: a comparison of ketorolac and morphine. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1995;81(6):1136-41. [MEDLINE: 07486094]
  • Harley 1998 {published data only}
  • * Harley EH, Dattolo RA. Ibuprofen for tonsillectomy pain in children: Efficacy and complications. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 1998;119(5):492-6. [MEDLINE: 09807075]
  • Keidan 2004 {published data only}
  • Keidan I, Zaslansky R, Eviatar E, Segal S, Sarfaty SM. Intraoperative ketorolac is an effective substitute for fentanyl in children undergoing outpatient adenotonsillectomy. Paediatric Anaesthesia 2004;14:318-23. [EMBASE: 2004187894]
  • Kokki 2002 {published data only}
  • * Kooki H, Salonen A. Comparison of pre-and postoperative administration of ketoprofen for analgesia after tonsillectomy in children. Paediatric Anaesthesia 2002;12:162-7. [MEDLINE: 11882229]
  • Oztekin 2002 {published data only}
  • Oztekin S, Hepaguslar H, Kar AA, Ozzeybek D, Artikaslan O, Elar Z. Preemptive diclofenac reduces morphine use after remifentanil-based anaesthesia for tonsillectomy. Paediatric Anaesthesia 2002;12(8):694-9. [MEDLINE: 12472706]
  • Pickering 2002 {published data only}
  • Pickering AE, Bridge HS, Nolan J, Stoddart PA. Double-blind placebo controlled analgesic study of ibuprofen or rofecoxib in combination with paracetamol for tonsillectomy in children. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2002;88(1):72-7. [MEDLINE: 11881888]
  • Romsing 1998 {published data only}
  • * Romsing J, Ostergaard S, Walther-Larsen, Valentin N. Analgesic efficacy and safety of preoperative versus postoperative ketorolac in paediatric tonsillectomy. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 1998;42:770-5. [MEDLINE: 09698951]
  • Rusy 1995 {published data only}
  • * Rusy LM, Houck CS, Sullivan LJ, Ohlms LA, Jones DT, McGill TJ, et al.A double blind evaluation of ketorolac tromethamine versus acetaminophen in paediatric tonsillectomy: analgesia and bleeding. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1995;80:226-9. [MEDLINE: 07818104]
  • Splinter 1996 {published data only}
  • * Splinter WM, Rhine EJ, Roberts DW, Reid CW, MacNeil HB. Preoperative ketorolac increases bleeding after tonsillectomy in children. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 1996;43(6):560-3. [MEDLINE: 08773860]
  • St Charles 1997 {published data only}
  • * St Charles CS, Matt BH, Hamilton MM, Katz BP. A comparison of ibuprofen versus acetaminophen with codeine in the young tonsillectomy patient. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 1997;117:76-82. [MEDLINE: 09230328]
  • Sutherland 1998 {published data only}
  • * Sutherland CJ, Montgomery JE, Kestin IG. A comparison of intramuscular tenoxicam with intramuscular morphine for pain relief following tonsillectomy in children. Paediatric Anaesthesia 1998;8(4):321-4. [MEDLINE: 09672930]
  • Sutters 1995 {published data only}
  • * Sutters KA, Levine JD, Dibble S, Savedra M, Miaskowski C. Analgesic efficacy and safety of single-dose intramuscular ketorolac for postoperative pain management in children following tonsillectomy. Pain 1995;61(1):145-53. [MEDLINE: 07644238]
  • Tawalbeh 2001 {published data only}
  • * Tawalbeh MI, Nawasreh OO, Hushan AM. Comparative study of diclofenac sodium and paracetamol for treatment of pain after adenotonsillectomy in children. Saudi Medical Journal 2001;22(2):121-3. [MEDLINE: 11299404]
  • Thiagarajan 1993 {published data only}
  • * Thiagarajan J, Bates, Hitchcock M, Morgan-Hughes J. Blood loss following tonsillectomy in children. A blind comparison of diclofenac and papaveretum. Anaesthesia 1993;47:132-5. [MEDLINE: 08460760]
  • References to studies excluded from this review
  • Agrawal 1999 {published data only}
  • * Agrawal A, Gerson CR, Seligman I, Dsida RM. Postoperative haemorrhage after tonsillectomy: use of ketorolac tromethamine. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 1999;120(3):335-9. [MEDLINE: 10064634]
  • Aho 2003 {published data only}
  • Aho M, Kokki H, Nikanne E. Nimesulide versus ibuprofen for postoperative tonsillectomy pain. Clinical Drug Investigation 2003;23(10):651-60. [EMBASE: 2003424478]
  • Azuma 1982 {published data only}
  • * Azuma F. The clinical efficacy and plasma concentration of a 25 mg suppository of diclofenac sodium in children with post-tonsillectomy pain and inflammation. Practica Otologica 1982;75(6):1445-53. [EMBASE: 1982200723]
  • Bailey 1997 {published data only}
  • * Bailey R, Sinha C, Burgess LP. Ketorolac tromethamine and haemorrhage in tonsillectomy: A prospective, randomized, double-blind study. The Laryngoscope 1997;107(2):166-9. [MEDLINE: 09023238]
  • Balli 1973 {published data only}
  • * Balli R. Results and observations of the action of the combination of indomethacin and d-propoxyphene in tonsillectomised patients [Risultati e considerazioni sull'azione della associazione indometacina e d-propossifene nel decorso dei tonsil- lectomizzati]. L'Oto Rino Laringologia Italiana 1973;39:171-84. [MEDLINE: 04549858]
  • Bhattacharya 2005 {published data only}
  • Bhattachcharya D, Mohan CM, Dasgupta S, Chakraborty R. A comparison of rectal diclofenac with intravenous pethidine for pain relief following tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in children. Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology 2005;21(2):143-6. [EMBASE: 2007207227]
  • Bhattacharya 2009 {published data only}
  • Bhattacharya D, Mazumdar S, Chowdhury S, Basu S, Saha S. Single dose IV dexamethasone with preemptive transdermal diclofenac patch reduces opioid requirement and postoperative morbidity following tonsillectomy. Journal of Anaesthesiology Clinical Pharmacology  2009;25(1):29-32.
  • Bone 1988 {published data only}
  • * Bone ME, Fell D. A comparison of rectal diclofenac with intramuscular papaveretum placebo for pain relief following tonsillectomy. Anaesthesia 1998;43:277-80. [MEDLINE: 03377147]
  • Calvet 1969 {published data only}
  • * Calvet J, Torossian F. Use of phenylbutazone combined with deglycerated liquorice juice in postoperative care following tonsillectomy and adenotonsillectomy [Sull'uso del fenilbutazone associato al liquirizia deglicirrizzinizzato nel trattamento dei tonsillectomizzati e degli adenoidectomizzati]. La Clinica Otorinolaringoiatrica 1969;21(5):319-25. [MEDLINE: 05405073]
  • Courtney 2001 {published data only}
  • * Courtney MJ, Cabraal D. Tramadol vs diclofenac for post tonsillectomy analgesia. Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 2001;127:385-8. [MEDLINE: 11296045]
  • De Lima Pontes 1985 {published data only}
  • * De Lima Pontes PA, Gregorio LC. Double-blind clinical trial: naproxen sodium suspension vs placebo in post-operative adeno-tonsillectomy in children [Ensaio clinico duplo-cego de naproxen sodico suspensao vs placebo no pos-operatorio de adenoamigdalectomias em criancas]. Revista Brasileira de Medicina 1985;42(3):57-61. [EMBASE: 1985185817]
  • Dommerby 1984 {published data only}
  • * Dommerby H, Rasmussen OR. Diclofenac (Voltaren). Pain-relieving effect after tonsillectomy. Acta Otolaryngology 1984;98:185-92. [MEDLINE: 06380210]
  • Fassolt 1974 {published data only}
  • Fassolt A. The control of pain after tonsillectomy with mefenamic acid [Mefenaminsaure zur kontrolle des wundschmerzes nach tonsillektomie]. Schweizerische Rundschau Fur Medizin Praxis 1974;63(34):1040-3. [MEDLINE: 04417046]
  • Francois 1994 {published data only}
  • Francois M, Consten L, Rezvani Y, De Gaudemar I, Aboucaya J-P, Florant A, Narcy P. The efficacy and tolerance of tiaprofenic acid versus paracetamol after tonsillectomy in children [Etude comparative de l'efficacite et de la tolerance de l'acide tiaprofenique et du paracetamol dans les suites d'amygdalectomie chez l'enfant]. Journal Francais d'oto-rhino-laryngologie 1994;43(6):437-40. [EMBASE: 1995001032]
  • Gallagher 1995 {published data only}
  • * Gallagher JE, Blauth J, Fornadley JA. Perioperative ketorolac tromethamine and postoperative hemorrhage in cases of tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy. The Laryngoscope 1995;105(6):606-9. [MEDLINE: 07769943]
  • Gonchar 1974 {published data only}
  • * Gonchar D I. Nitrous oxide analgesia in combination with seduxen, analgin and fentanyl in tonsillectomy [Anal'geziia zakis'iu azota v sochetanii s seduksenom, anal'ginom i fentanilom pri tonzillektomii]. Vestnik Otorinolaringologii 1974;0(4):70-1. [MEDLINE: 04428588]
  • Hardy 2010 {published data only}
  • Hardy M.Z.R, Zayuah M.S, Baharudin A, Wan Aasim W.A, Shamsul K.H, Hashimah I, et al.The Effects of topical viscous lignocaine 2% versus per-rectal diclofenac in early post-tonsillectomy pain in children. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology  2010;74(4):374-7. [PUBMED: 20129679]
  • Heaney 2007 {published data only}
  • Heaney M, Looney Y, Mckinstry C, O'Hare B. Sequential clot strength analyses following diclofenac in pediatric adenotonsillecomy. Paediatric Anaesthesia 2007;17(11):1078-82. [MEDLINE: 17897274]
  • Hiller 2004 {published data only}
  • Hiller A, Silvanto M, Savolainen S, Tarkkila P. Proparacetamol and diclofenac alone and in combination for analgesia after elective tonsillectomy. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2004;48(9):1185-9. [MEDLINE: 15352967]
  • Jeyakumar 2008 {published data only}
  • Jeyaumar A, Brickman TM, Williamson ME, Hirose K, Krakovitz P, Whittemore K, et al.Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and postoperative bleeding following adenotonsillecomy in pediatric patients. Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 2008;134(1):24-7. [MEDLINE: 18209131]
  • Judkins 1996 {published data only}
  • * Judkins JH, Dray TG, Hubbell RN. Intraoperative ketorolac and post tonsillectomy bleeding. Archives of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 1996 September;122(9):937-40. [MEDLINE: 08797556]
  • Kedek 2005 {published data only}
  • Kedek A, Derbent A, Uyar M, Bilgen C, Uyar M, Kirazli T, et al.Pre-emptive effects of ibuprofen syrup and lidocaine infiltration on post-operative analgesia in children undergoing tonsillectomy. The Journal of International Medical Research 2005;33:188-95. [MEDLINE: 15790130]
  • Knudsen 1995 {published data only}
  • * Knudsen KE, Brofeldt S, Mikkelsen S, Bille M, Brennum J, Dahl JB. Peritonsillar infiltration with low-dose tenoxicam after tonsillectomy. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1995;75:286-8. [MEDLINE: 07547044]
  • Kotecha 1991 {published data only}
  • * Kotecha B, O'Leary G, Bradburn J, Darowski M, Gwinnutt CL. Pain relief after tonsillectomy in adults: Intramuscular diclofenac and papaveretum compared. Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences 1991;16:345-9. [MEDLINE: 01934546]
  • Kristensen 1986 {published data only}
  • Kristensen S, Tveteras K, Outzen KE, Poulsen HB. Treatment of pain after tonsillectomy. Comparison between naproxen and acetylsalicylic acid [Smertebehandling efter tonsillektomi. En sammenlignende undersogelse af naproxen ( Naprosyn) og acetylsalicylsyre (Kalcatyl)]. Ugeskrift for Laeger 1986;148(44):2832-5. [MEDLINE: 03538591]
  • Lacomme 1978 {published data only}
  • * Lancomme Y, Pessey J-J. Effects of a niflumic acid derivative in tonsil surgery in children - controlled study [Effet d'un derive de l'acide influmique dans la chiruriqie amygdalienne chez l'enfant -essai controle]. Revue de Laryngologie - Otologie - Rhinologie 1978;99(1-2):159-63. [MEDLINE: 00353942]
  • Lee 1996 {published data only}
  • * Lee WC, Sharpe JF. Complications of paediatric tonsillectomy post-discharge. Journal of Laryngology and Otology 1996;110(2):136-40. [MEDLINE: 8729496]
  • Lindgren 1985 {published data only}
  • Lindgren L, Saarnivaara L. Comparison of paracetamol and aminophenazone plus diazepam suppositories for anxiety and pain relief after tonsillectomy in children. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 1985;29:679-82. [MEDLINE: 04072592]
  • Louizos 2006 {published data only}
  • Louizos AA, Pandazi AB, Koraka CP, Davilis DI, Georgiou LG. Preoperative administration of rofecoxib versus ketoprofen for pain relief after tonsillectomy. Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology 2006;115(3):201-4. [MEDLINE: 16572610]
  • Mahadevan 1995 {published data only}
  • * Mahadevan M, Bartley J. Paediatric day case tonsillectomy: Early green lane experience. Australian Journal of Otolaryngology 1995;2(2):150-2. [EMBASE: 1995328062]
  • Martinez-Gallardo 1997 {published data only}
  • Martinez-Gallardo F. Post tonsillectomy analgesia with diclofenac sodium [Analgesia postamigdalectomia con diclofenac sodico]. Prensa Medica Mexicana 1977;42(5-6):264-6. [EMBASE: 1978246256]
  • Mather 1995 {published data only}
  • * Mather ST, Peutrell JM. Postoperative morphine requirements, nausea and vomiting following anaesthesia for tonsillectomy. Comparison of intravenous morphine and non opioid techniques. Paediatric Anaesthesia 1995;5:185-8. [MEDLINE: 7489439]
  • McKean 2008 {published data only}
  • Mckean SA, Lee MS, Hussain SS. Comparative study of posttonsillectomy hemorrhage with the use of diclofenac versus dihydrocodeine for postoperative analgeisa and review of the literature. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 2008;37(4):577-81. [MEDLINE: 19128596]
  • Mendham 1996 {published data only}
  • * Mendham JE, Mather SJ. Comparison of diclofenac and tenoxicam for postoperative analgesia with and without fentanyl in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy or tonsillectomy. Paediatric Anaesthesia 1996;6:467-73. [MEDLINE: 08936545]
  • Nakayama 1982 {published data only}
  • * Nakayama K. Analgesic effect of voltaren suppository following tonsillectomy in children. Practica Otologica 1982;75:1455-60. [EMBASE: 1982200724]
  • Nikanne 2005 {published data only}
  • Nikanne E, Kokki H, Salo J, Linna T-J. Celecoxib and ketoprofen for pain management during tonsillectomy: a placebo-controlled clinical trial. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery 2005;132:287-94. [MEDLINE: 15692543]
  • Nordbladh 1991 {published data only}
  • * Nordbladh I, Ohlander B, Bjorkman R. Analgesia in tonsillectomy: A double-blind study on pre and post-operative treatment with diclofenac. Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences 1991;16:554-8. [MEDLINE: 01782718]
  • Parker 1986 {published data only}
  • * Parker DA, Gibbin KP, Noyelle. Syrup formulations for post-tonsillectomy analgesia. The Journal of Laryngology and Otology 1986;100:1055-60. [MEDLINE: 03531373]
  • Pasquale 1993 {published data only}
  • * Pasquale G, Scaricabarozzi I, D'Agostino R, Taborelli G, Vallarino R. An assessment of the efficacy and tolerability of nimesulide versus paracetamol in children after adenotonsillectomy. Drugs 1993;46:234-7. [MEDLINE: 7506181]
  • Petrusen 1991 {published data only}
  • * Petrusen. The analgesic effect of diclofenac (voltaren) after tonsillectomy [Den smartstillande effekten av diclofenac (Voltaren) efter tonsillectomi]. OPMEAR 1991;36:65-7. [EMBASE: 1991316041]
  • Purday 1995 {published data only}
  • * Purday J, Telford R, Saunders M, Pringle M. Diclofenac and post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage. Anaesthesia 1995;50(9):827-8. [MEDLINE: 7573885]
  • Robb 1995 {published data only}
  • * Robb PJ, Rollin AM, Saunders DA. Diclofenac and post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage. Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences 1995;20(5):483-4. [MEDLINE: 8582086]
  • Robinson 1994 {published data only}
  • * Robinson PM, Ahmed I. Diclofenac and post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage. Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences 1994;19(4):344-5. [MEDLINE: 07994893]
  • Romsing 2000 {published data only}
  • * Romsing J, Ostergaard D, Drozdziewicz D, Schultz P, Ravin G. Diclofenac or acetaminophen for analgesia in paediatric tonsillectomy outpatients. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2000;44(3):291-5. [EMBASE: 2000089118]
  • Rorarius 1993 {published data only}
  • * Rorarius MG, Baer GA, Siirtola M, Lahti T, Laippala P. Effect of intravenous diclofenac or indomethacin on the emergence from anaesthesia for tonsillectomy. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 1993;37(6):616-21. [MEDLINE: 08213031]
  • Salonen 2001 {published data only}
  • * Salonen A, Kokki H, Tuovinen K. I.v. ketoprofen for analgesia after tonsillectomy: Comparison of pre- and post-operative administration. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2001;86(3):377-81. [MEDLINE: 11573528]
  • Salonen 2002 {published data only}
  • * Salonen A, Kokki H, Nuutinen J. The effect of ketoprofen on recovery after tonsillectomy in children: a 3-week follow-up study. International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology 2002;62(2):143-50. [MEDLINE: 11788147]
  • Schmidt 2001 {published data only}
  • * Schmidt A, Bjorkman S, Akeson J. Preoperative rectal diclofenac versus paracetamol for tonsillectomy: effects on pain and blood loss. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2001;45:48-52. [MEDLINE: 11152033]
  • Smith 1999 {published data only}
  • * Smith I, Wilde A. Secondary tonsillectomy haemorrhage and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. The Journal of Laryngology and Otology 1999;113(1):28-30. [MEDLINE: 10341915]
  • Stage 1988 {published data only}
  • * Stage J, Jensen JH, Bonding P. Post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage and analgesics. A comparative study of acetylsalicylic acid and paracetamol. Clinical Otolaryngology and Allied Sciences 1988;13(3):201-4. [MEDLINE: 03402096]
  • Swanepoel 1999 {published data only}
  • * Swanepoel A, Semple P. Oral versus rectal diclofenac for postoperative tonsillectomy pain in children. Anaesthesia 1999;54(3):298-9. [MEDLINE: 10364873]
  • Tamura 1972 {published data only}
  • * Tamura M, Yamamura M, Yoshioka A, Makimoto K, Kotera A. On the effect of a non-steroid antipyretic GP 45 840 [In Japanese]. Jibiinkoka-Rinsho 1972;65(6):583-9.
  • Tarkkila 1999 {published data only}
  • * Takkila P, Saarnivaara L. Ketoprofen, diclofenac or ketorolac for pain after tonsillectomy in adults. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1999;82:56-60. [MEDLINE: 10325837]
  • Valijan 1989 {published data only}
  • Valijan A. Pain relief after tonsillectomy. Effect of benzydamine hydrochloride spray on postoperative pain relief after tonsillectomy. Anaesthesia 1989;44:990-1. [MEDLINE: 02619026]
  • Virtaniemi 1999 {published data only}
  • Virtaniemi J, Kokki H, Nikanne E, Aho M. Ketoprofen and fentanyl for pain after uvulopalatopharyngoplasty and tonsillectomy. Laryngoscope 1999;109(12):1950-4. [MEDLINE: 10591353]
  • Watters 1988 {published data only}
  • * Watters CH, Patterson CC, Matthews HMC, Campbell W. Diclofenac sodium for post-tonsillectomy pain in children. Anaesthesia 1988;43:641-3. [MEDLINE: 03421455]
  • Young 1987 {published data only}
  • * Young JR. A comparative study of benzydamine hydrochloride ("Difflam" pump spray) and placebo as analgesics following tonsillectomy. International Journal of Tissue Reactions 1987;IX(2):131-3. [MEDLINE: 03610511]
  • References to studies awaiting assessment
  • Sun 2009 {published data only}
  • Sun Y, Xu W-Y, Hu J, Wang Y-T, Bai J. Effects of diclofenac sodium suppositories on emergence agitation after sevoflurane maintenance in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy. Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University (Medical Science) 2009;29(7):842-4.
  • Additional references
  • BNF 2010
  • British Medical Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain. British National Formulary. British Medical Association and Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, March 2010. [: ISBN-10: 0853699291]
  • Collison 2000
  • Collison PJ, Mettler B. Factors associated with post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage. Ear Nose and Throat Journal 2000;79(8):640-9. [PUBMED: 10969475]
  • Dahl 1991
  • Dahl JB, Kehlet H. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: rational for use in severe postoperative pain.. British Journal of Anaestheisa 1991;66:703-12. [MEDLINE: 02064886]
  • Forrest 1997
  • Forrest JB, Heitlinger EL, Revell S. Ketorolac for postoperative pain management in children. Drug Safety 1997;16(5):309-29. [EMBASE: 1997190859]
  • Higgins 2008
  • Higgins JPT, Green S, editors. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.0.1 [updated September 2008]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2008. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org..
  • Kokki 2003
  • Kokki H. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for postoperative pain: a focus on children. Paediatric Drugs 2003;5(2):103-23. [MEDLINE: 12529163]
  • Marret 2003
  • Marret E, Flahault A, Samama C-M, Bonnet F. Effects of postoperative, nonsteroidal, antiinflammatory drugs on bleeding risk after tonsillectomy. Anesthesiology 2003;98:1497-502. [MEDLINE: 12766664]
  • Meade 1993
  • Meade EA, Smith WL, DeWitt DL. Differential inhibition of prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase (cyclo-oxygenase) isozymes by aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Journal of Biological Chemistry 1993;268:6610-4. [EMBASE: 1993099364]
  • Moiniche 2003
  • Moiniche S, Romsing J, Dahl JB, Tramer MR. Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs and the risk of operative site bleeding after tonsillectomy: a quantitative systematic review. Anesthesia and Analgesia 2003;96:68-77. [MEDLINE: 12505926]
  • RevMan 5.0.24
  • The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration. Review Manager 5.0.24. Copenhagen: The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration, 2010.
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  • Sadish WR, Haddock CK. In: Cooper H, Hedges LV editor(s). The handbook of research synthesis. 1st Edition. New York: The Russell Sage Foundation, 1993. [: ISBN 10 0871542269; : ISBN 13 9780871542267]
  • References to other published versions of this review
  • Cardwell 2005
  • Cardwell ME, Siviter G, Smith AF. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and perioperative bleeding in paediatric tonsillectomy. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003591.pub2.]