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References

  • References to studies included in this review
  • Baer 2007 {published data only}
  • Baer JS, Garrett SB, Beadnell B, Wells EA, Peterson PL. Brief motivational intervention with homeless adolescents: evaluating effects on substance use and service utilization. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. Alcohol and Drug Abuse Institute, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98105-4631, USA. jsbaer@u.washington.edu, 2007; Vol. 21, issue 4:582-6.
  • Cauce 1994 {published data only}
  • Cauce AM, Morgan CJ, Wagner V, Moore E, Sy J, Wurzbacher K, et al.Effectiveness of intensive case management for homeless adolescents: Results of a 3-month follow-up. Journal of Emotional and Behavioural Disorders 1994;2(4):219-27.
  • Hyun 2005 {published data only}
  • Hyun M, Seo M. Rehabilitation for homeless adolescent substance abusers at a halfway house in Korea. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. Division of Nursing Science, School of Medicine, Ajou University, Suwon, Korea., 2003; Vol. 18:160-6.
  • Milburn 2012 {published data only}
  • Milburn NG, Iribarren FJ, Rice E, Lightfoot M, Solorio R, Rotheram-Borus MJ, et al.A family intervention to reduce sexual risk behavior, substance use, and delinquency among newly homeless youth. Journal of Adolescent Health 2012;50:358-64.
  • Peterson 2006 {published data only}
  • Peterson PL, Baer JS, Wells EA, Ginzler JA, Garrett SB. Short-term effects of a brief motivational intervention to reduce alcohol and drug risk among homeless adolescents. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2006;20(3):254-64.
  • Rew 2007 {published data only}
  • Rew L, Fouladi RT, Land L, Wong YJ. Outcomes of a brief sexual health intervention for homeless youth. Journal of Health Psychology. School of Nursing, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78701, USA. ellerew@mail.utexas.edu, 2007; Vol. 12, issue 5:818-32.
  • Rotheram-Borus 2003 {published data only}
  • Rotheram-Borus MJ, Song J, Gwadz M, Lee M, Van Rossem R, Koopman C. Reductions in HIV risk among runaway youth. Prevention Science. Department of Psychiatry, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90024, USA. rotheram@ucla.edu, 2003; Vol. 4, issue 3:173-87.
  • Slesnick 2005 {published data only}
  • Slesnick N, Prestopnik JL. Ecologically based family therapy outcome with substance abusing runaway adolescents. Journal of Adolescence 2005;28(2):277-98.
  • Slesnick 2007/08 {published data only}
  • Slesnick N, Kang MJ. The impact of an integrated treatment on HIV risk behavior among homeless youth: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2008;31(1):45-59.
  • Slesnick N, Prestopnik JL, Meyers RJ, Glassman M. Treatment outcome for street-living, homeless youth. Addictive Behaviors. Human Development and Family Science, The Ohio State University, 1787 Neil Avenue, Columbus, OH 43210, USA. Slesnick.5@osu.edu, 2007; Vol. 32, issue 6:1237-51.
  • Slesnick 2009 EBFT {published data only}
  • Slesnick N, Prestopnik JL. Comparison of family therapy outcome with alcohol-abusing, runaway adolescents. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy. Blackwell Publishing Inc. (350 Main Street, Malden MA 02148, United States), 2009; Vol. 35, issue 3:255-77.
  • Slesnick 2009 FFT {published data only}
  • Slesnick N, Prestopnik JL. Comparison of family therapy outcome with alcohol-abusing, runaway adolescents. Journal of Marital and Family Therapy 2009;35(3):255-77.
  • Tischler 2002 {published data only}
  • Tischler V, Vostanis P, Bellerby T, Cumella S. Evaluation of a mental health outreach service for homeless families. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Greenwood Institute of Child Health, University of Leicester, Westcotes House, Westcotes Drive, Leicester LE1 0QU, UK., 2002; Vol. 86:158-63.
  • References to studies excluded from this review
  • Administration 1984 {published data only}
  • Administration for Children, Youth, Families (DHHS) Washington DC. Runaway and Homeless Youth: FY 1984 Annual Report to the Congress. Annual Report to the Congress 1984:1-70.
  • Arnold 2009 {published data only}
  • Arnold EM, Rotheram-Borus MJ. Comparisons of prevention programs for homeless youth. Prevention Science. Springer New York (233 Springer Street, New York 10013-1578, United States), 2009; Vol. 10:76-86.
  • Barber 2005 {published data only}
  • Barber CC, Fonagy P, Fultz J, Simulinas M, Yates M. Homeless near a thousand homes: outcomes of homeless youth in a crisis shelter. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. Menninger Clinic, Houston, TX, USA. carrie-barber@msn.com, 2005; Vol. 75, issue 3:347-55.
  • Beharie 2011 {published data only}
  • Beharie N, Kalogerogiannis K, McKay MM, Paulino A, Miranda A, Rivera-Rodriguez A, et al.The HOPE Family Project: a family-based group intervention to reduce the impact of homelessness on HIV/STI and drug risk behaviors. Social Work with Groups 2011;34(1):61-78.
  • Booth 1999 {published data only}
  • Booth RE, Zhang Y, Kwiatkowski CF. The challenge of changing drug and sex risk behaviors of runaway and homeless adolescents. Child Abuse and Neglect 1999;23(12):1295-306.
  • Connolly 1993 {published data only}
  • Connolly M, Franchet CN. Manila street children face many sexual risks. Network 1993; Vol. 14, issue 2:24-5.
  • Dalton 2002 {published data only}
  • Dalton MM, Pakenham KI. Adjustment of homeless adolescents to a crisis shelter: application of a stress and coping model. Journal of Youth and Adolescence 2002;31(1):79-89.
  • Daniels 1999 {published data only}
  • Daniels J, D'Andrea M, Omizo M, Pier P. Group work with homeless youngsters and their mothers. The Journal for Specialists in Group Work 1999;24(2):164-85.
  • Davey 2004 {published data only}
  • Davey TL. A multiple-family group intervention for homeless families: the weekend retreat. Health & Social Work. Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, 23284-2027, USA. tldavey@vcu.edu, 2004; Vol. 29, issue 4:326-9.
  • Deb 2011 {published data only}
  • Deb S, Mukherjee A, Mathews B. Aggression in sexually abused trafficked girls and efficacy of intervention. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. SAGE Publications Inc. (2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks CA 91320, United States), 2011; Vol. 26, issue 4:745-68.
  • Edinburgh 2009a {published data only}
  • Edinburgh LD, Saewyc EM. A novel, intensive home-visiting intervention for runaway, sexually exploited girls. Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing. Blackwell Publishing Ltd (9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2XG, United Kingdom), 2009; Vol. 14, issue 1:41-8.
  • Edinburgh 2009b {published data only}
  • Edinburgh L, Homma Y, Saewyc E, Wirkkala S, Mickschl L. Restoring family support, self-esteem, and reducing distress among sexually abused young runaways. Journal of Adolescent Health. Elsevier USA, 2009; Vol. 44:S14.
  • Fawole 2004 {published data only}
  • Fawole OI, Ajuwon AJ, Osungbade KO. Violence and HIV/AIDS prevention among female out-of-school youths in southwestern Nigeria: lessons learnt from interventions targeted at hawkers and apprentices. African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 2004;33:347-53.
  • Ferguson 2006 {published data only}
  • Ferguson KM, Dabir N, Dortzbach K, Dyrness G, Spruijt-Metz D. Comparative analysis of faith-based programs serving homeless & street-living youth in Los Angeles, Mumbai & Nairobi. Children and Youth Services Review 2006;28:1512-27.
  • Ferguson 2008 {published data only}
  • Ferguson KM, Xie B. Feasibility study of the social enterprise intervention with homeless youth. Research on Social Work Practice 2008;18(1):5-19.
  • Fors 1995 {published data only}
  • Fors SW, Jarvis S. Evaluation of a peer-led drug abuse risk reduction project for runaway/homeless youths. Journal of Drug Education. University of Georgia, Athens, USA., 1995; Vol. 4:321-33.
  • Gutierrez 1999 {published data only}
  • Gutierrez R, Vega L. Preliminary report of a program elaborated for the purpose of diminishing the damage associated with toluene inhalation among 'street children'. Salud Mental 1999;22:75-8.
  • Haley 1998 {published data only}
  • Haley N, Roy E, Belanger L, Crago AL. A hepatitis B vaccination outreach project for street youth in Montreal. Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality 1998;7(4):331-8.
  • Heinze 2010 {published data only}
  • Heinze HJ, Jozefowicz DMH, Toro PA. Taking the youth perspective: Assessment of program characteristics that promote positive development in homeless and at-risk youth. Children and Youth Services Review 2010;32:1365-72.
  • Hosny 2007 {published data only}
  • Hosny G, Moloukhia TM, Abd Elsalam G, Abd Elatif F. Environmental behavioural modification programme for street children in Alexandria, Egypt. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal = La Revue de Sante de la Mediterranee Orientale = al-Majallah al-sihhiyah li-sharq al-mutawassit. Environmental Health Division, Department of Environmental Studies, Institute of Graduate Studies and Research, University of Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt. gihan_hosny@yahoo.com, 2007; Vol. 13, issue 6:1438-48.
  • Hurley 2006 {published data only}
  • Hurley KD, Ingram S, Czyz J D, Juliano N, Wilson E. Treatment for youth in short-term care facilities: the impact of a comprehensive behavior management intervention. Journal of Child and Family Studies 2006;15(5):615-30.
  • Kisely 2008 {published data only}
  • Kisely SR, Parker JK, Campbell LA, Karabanow J, Hughes JM, Gahagan J. Health impacts of supportive housing for homeless youth: a pilot study. Public Health 2008;122(10):1089-92.
  • Lamar 2001 {published data only}
  • Lamar JR. Determining the Standard of Care: A Comparison of a Behavioral Point System and a Values-Based Developmental Curriculum in a Community Shelter for Youth. Thesis 2001; Vol. 61:4191-A.
  • Little 2007 {published data only}
  • Little M, Gorman A, Dzendoletas D, Moravac C. Caring for the most vulnerable: a collaborative approach to supporting pregnant homeless youth. Nursing for Women's Health. Toronto Public Health, Ontario, Canada., 2007:458-66.
  • Mitchell 2007 {published data only}
  • Mitchell K, Nyakake M, Oling J. How effective are street youth peer educators?: lessons learned from an HIV/AIDS prevention programme in urban Uganda. Health Education 2007;107(4):364-76.
  • Morse 2006 {published data only}
  • Morse GA, Calsyn RJ, Dean KW, Helminiak TW, Wolff N, Drake RE, et al.Treating homeless clients with severe mental illness and substance use disorders: costs and outcomes. Community Mental Health Journal. Community Alternatives, St Louis, MO, USA., 2006; Vol. 42, issue 4:377-404.
  • Olley 2007 {published data only}
  • Olley BO. Changing social and HIV/AIDS risk behaviors: effects of life skills educations among urban street youths. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies 2007;2(1):80-6.
  • Pollio 2006 {published data only}
  • Pollio DE, Thompson SJ, Tobias L, Reid D, Spitznagel E. Longitudinal outcomes for youth receiving runaway/Homeless shelter services. Journal of Youth Adolescence 2006;35:852-9.
  • Rashid 2004 {published data only}
  • Rashid S. Evaluating a transitional living program for homeless, former foster care youth. Research on Social Work Practice 2004;14(4):240-8.
  • Rodriguez 2003 {published data only}
  • Rodriguez Y. Performance of institutions working with children “of” and “on” the street in Venezuela. Revista Venezolana de Gerencia 2003;8:105-25.
  • Ronalds 2008 {published data only}
  • Ronalds L, Allen-Craig S. Preventing family and educational disconnection through wilderness-based therapy targeting youth at risk. ACHPER Healthy Lifestyles Journal 2008;55:7-16.
  • Rotheram-Borus 1991 {published data only}
  • Rotheram-Borus MJ, Bradley J. Triage model for suicidal runaways. The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry. Division of Child Psychiatry, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York., 1991; Vol. 61, issue 1:122-7.
  • Schram 1991 {published data only}
  • Schram DD, Giovengo MA. Evaluation of threshold: an independent living program for homeless adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health 1991; Vol. 12, issue 7:567-72.
  • Scivoletto 2011 {published data only}
  • Scivoletto S, da Silva TF, Rosenheck RA. Child psychiatry takes to the streets: a developmental partnership between a university institute and children and adolescents from the streets of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Child Abuse and Neglect. Elsevier Ltd (Langford Lane, Kidlington, Oxford OX5 1GB, United Kingdom), 2011; Vol. 35:89-95.
  • Sears 2001 {published data only}
  • Sears C, Guydish JR, Weltzien EK, Lum PJ. Investigation of a secondary syringe exchange program for homeless young adult injection drug users in San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 2001;27(2):193-201.
  • Slesnick 2000 {published data only}
  • Slesnick N, Meyers RJ, Meade M, Segelken DH. Bleak and hopeless no more. Engagement of reluctant substance-abusing runaway youth and their families. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. Department of Psychology, Center for Family and Adolescent Research, University of New Mexico, 2350 Alamo SE, Albuquerque, NM 87106, USA. tash@unm.edu, 2000:215-22.
  • Slesnick 2001 {published data only}
  • Slesnick N, Meade M. System youth: a subgroup of substance-abusing homeless adolescents. Journal of Substance Abuse 2001;13:367-84.
  • Slesnick 2008a {published data only}
  • Slesnick N, Kang MJ, Aukward E. Treatment attendance among homeless youth. Addictive Behaviors 2008;29(2):43-52.
  • Slesnick 2008b {published data only}
  • Slesnick N, Kang MJ, Bonomi AE, Prestopnik JL. Six-and twelve-month outcomes among homeless youth accessing therapy and case management services through an urban drop-in center. Health Services Research. Department of Human Development and Family Science, 135 Campbell Hall, 1787 Neil Avenue, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA., 2008; Vol. 43, issue 1 Part 1:211-29.
  • Smith 2000 {published data only}
  • Smith C. A community outreach programme: teacher training at the university of Durban-Westville. Educational Review 2000;52(1):5-12.
  • Steele 2001 {published data only}
  • Steele RW, O'Keefe MA. A program description of health care interventions for homeless teenagers. Clinical Pediatrics. Department of Pediatrics, Louisiana State University School of Medicine and Children's Hospital, New Orleans 70118, USA., 2001; Vol. 40:259-63.
  • Steele 2003 {published data only}
  • Steele RW, Ramgoolam A, Evans J. Health services for homeless adolescents. Seminars in Pediatric Infectious Diseases. Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, LSU School of Medicine and Children's Hospital, New Orleans, LA 70118, USA. RWSteele@aol.com, 2003; Vol. 14, issue 1:38-42.
  • Stewart 2009 {published data only}
  • Stewart M, Reutter L, Letourneau N, Makwarimba E. A support intervention to promote health and coping among homeless youths. Revue Canadienne de Recherche en Sciences Infirmieres [The Canadian Journal of Nursing Research]. Faculty of Nursing and School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada., 2009; Vol. 41, issue 2:55-77.
  • Taylor 2007 {published data only}
  • Taylor H, Stuttaford M, Vostanis P. Short-term outcome of young homeless people in contact with a designated mental health service. European Journal of Psychiatry 2007;21(4):268-78.
  • Twaite 1997 {published data only}
  • Twaite JA, Lampert DT. Outcomes of mandated preventive services programs for homeless and truant children: a follow-up study. Social Work 1997; Vol. 42, issue 1:11-8.
  • Upshur 1985 {published data only}
  • Upshur CC. The Bridge, Inc. Independent Living Demonstration. Research Report. Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (93rd, Los Angeles, CA, August 23-27, l985). 1-51.
  • Wenzel 2009 {published data only}
  • Wenzel SL, D'Amico EJ, Barnes D, Gilbert ML. A pilot of a tripartite prevention program for homeless young women in the transition to adulthood. Women's Health Issues. RAND Corporation, Santa Monica, California 90407-2138, USA. slwenzel@rand.org, 2009; Vol. 19, issue 3:193-201.
  • Wurzbacher 1991 {published data only}
  • Wurzbacher KV, Evans ED, Moore EJ. Effects of alternative street school on youth involved in prostitution. Journal of Adolescent Health 1991; Vol. 12, issue 7:549-54.
  • References to ongoing studies
  • NCT00862238 {unpublished data only}
  • NCT00862238. An Arts Intervention for Drug-Using Homeless Youth. http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00862238 (accessed 20 September 2012).
  • Additional references
  • Abebe 2008
  • Abebe T. Earning a living on the margins: begging, street work and the socio-spatial experience of children in Addis Ababa. Geografiska Annaler: Series B 2008;Human Geography 90(3):271-84.
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  • Aderanti Adepoju. Review of research and data on human trafficking in Sub-Saharan Africa. International Migration 2005;43 (1/2)(1-2):75-98.
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  • Altena 2010
  • Altena AM, Brilleslijper-Kater SN, Wolf JL. Effective interventions for homeless youth: a systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2010;8(6):637-45.
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