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REFERENCES

  • References to studies included in this review
  • Altintas 2003 {published and unpublished data}
  • * Altintas D, Cevit O, Ergen N, Karakoc G, Inci D. The effect of swimming training on aerobic capacity and pulmonary functions in children with asthma. Allergy & Clinical Immunology International 2003;1:17.
  • Matsumoto 1999 {published data only (unpublished sought but not used)}
  • * Matsumoto I, Araki H, Tsuda K, Odajima H, Nishima S, Higaki Y, et al.Effects of swimming training on aerobic capacity and exercise induced bronchoconstriction in children with bronchial asthma. Thorax 1999;54(3):196-201.
  • Varray 1991 {published and unpublished data}
  • Varray AL, Mercier JG, Terral CM, Prefaut CG. Individualized aerobic and high intensity training for asthmatic children in an exercise readaptation program: is training always helpful for better adaptation to exercise?. Chest 1991;99(3):579-86.
  • Varray 1995 {published and unpublished data}
  • Varray AL, Mercier JG, Prefaut CG. Individualized aerobic and high intensity training for asthmatic children in an exercise readaptation program: is training always helpful for better adaptation to exercise?. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research 1995;18(4):297-312.
  • Wang 2009 {published and unpublished data}
  • Wang JS, Hung WP. The effects of a swimming intervention for children with asthma. Respirology 2009;14(6):838-42.
  • Weisgerber 2003 {published data only}
  • * Weisgerber MC, Guill M, Weisgerber JM, Butler H. Benefits of swimming in asthma: effect of a session of swimming lessons on symptoms and PFTs with review of the literature. Journal of Asthma 2003;40(5):453-64.
  • Weisgerber 2008 {published and unpublished data}
  • Weisgerber M, Danduran M, Meurer J, Hartmann K, Berger S, Flores G. Evaluation of Cooper 12-Minute Walk/Run Test as a Marker of Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Young Urban Children with Persistent Asthma. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine 2009;19(4):300-305 10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181b2077a.
  • * Weisgerber M, Webber K, Meurer J, Danduran M, Berger S, Flores G. Moderate and vigorous exercise programs in children with asthma: safety, parental satisfaction, and asthma outcomes. Pediatric Pulmonology 2008;43(12):1175-82.
  • Wicher 2010 {published data only (unpublished sought but not used)}
  • * Wicher IB, De Oliveira Ribeiro MAG, Marmo DB, Da Silva Santos CI, Toro AADC, Mendes RT, et al.Effects of swimming on spirometric parameters and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in children and adolescents with moderate persistent atopic asthma. Jornal de Pediatria 2010;86(5):384-90.
  • References to studies excluded from this review
  • Alison 2000 {published data only}
  • Alison J. Physical training improves asthmatic subjects' cardiopulmonary function. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy 2000;46(4):315.
  • Arandelovic 2007 {published data only}
  • Arandelovic M, Stankovic I, Nikolic M. Swimming and persons with mild persistent asthma. Scientific World Journal 2007;7:1182-8.
  • Bernard 2006 {published data only}
  • Bernard A, Nickmilder M. Respiratory health and baby swimming. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2006;91(7):620-1.
  • Bonsignore 2008 {published data only}
  • Bonsignore MR, La Grutta S, Cibella F, Scichilone N, Cuttitta G, Interrante A, et al.Effects of exercise training and montelukast in children with mild asthma. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2008;40(3):405-12.
  • Busfield 1982 {published data only}
  • Busfield G. Asthma treatment in Norway: an exercise in rehabilitation. Nursing Mirror 1982;155:52-4.
  • Fitch 1971 {published data only}
  • Fitch KD, Morton AR. Specificity of exercise in exercise-induced asthma. British Medical Journal 1971;4(5787):577-81.
  • Fitch 1976 {published data only}
  • Fitch KD, Morton AR, Blanksby BA. Effects of swimming training on children with asthma. Archives of Disease in Childhood 1976;51(3):190-4.
  • Font-Ribera 2011 {published data only}
  • Font-Ribera L, Villanueva CM, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, Zock JP, Kogevinas M, Henderson J. Swimming pool attendance, asthma, allergies, and lung function in the Avon longitudinal study of parents and children cohort. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine 2011;183(5):582-8.
  • Haluszka 1997 {published data only}
  • Haluszka J, Zaremba-Czereyski J, Tkatchouk EN, Ehrenburg IV, Gulyaeva NV, Willim G, et al.Interval normobaric hypoxic training - A new perspective of treatment in children suffering from bronchial asthma. Journal of Investigational Allergology Clinical Immunology 1997;7(5):531.
  • Huang 1989 {published data only}
  • Huang SW, Veiga R, Sila U, Reed E, Hines S. The effect of swimming in asthmatic children--participants in a swimming program in the city of Baltimore. Journal of Asthma 1989;26(2):117-21.
  • Inbar 1980 {published data only}
  • Inbar O, Dotan R, Dlin RA. Breathing dry or humid air and exercise-induced asthma during swimming. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology 1980;44(1):43-50.
  • Inbar 1991 {published data only}
  • Inbar O, Naiss S, Neuman E, Daskalovich J. The effect of body posture on exercise- and hyperventilation-induced asthma. Chest 1991;100(5):1229-34.
  • Inbar 1993 {published data only}
  • Inbar O, Winstein Y, Daskalovic Y, Levi R, Nueman I. The effect of prone immersion on bronchial responsiveness in children with asthma. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1993;25(10):1098-102.
  • Kellie 2009 {published data only}
  • Kellie HS. Have asthma? Go for a swim. My Health Software 2009; Vol. 26, issue 10:16.
  • Lecheler 1988 {published data only}
  • Lecheler J, Biberger A, Seligmann C, Dorsch U, Hasse-Dorsch I. [Sports therapy in the treatment of pediatric bronchial asthma. Comparison of interval and continuous training]. Praxis und Klinik der Pneumologie 1988;42(7):475-8.
  • Mallinson 1981 {published data only}
  • Mallinson BM, Burgess DA, Cockroft C. Exercise training for children with asthma: out-patient programme and a residential experiment. Physiotherapy 1981;67:106-8.
  • Moreira 2008 {published data only}
  • Moreira A, Delgado L, Haahtela T, Fonseca J, Moreira P, Lopes C, et al.Physical training does not increase allergic inflammation in asthmatic children. European Respiratory Journal 2008;32(6):1570-5.
  • Nickmilder 2007 {published data only}
  • Nickmilder M, Bernard A. Ecological association between childhood asthma and availability of indoor chlorinated swimming pools in Europe. Occupational & Environmental Medicine 2007;64(1):37-46.
  • Nursing Standard 2010 {published data only}
  • Editor comment. Clinical digest - Lung function in children improves with swimming. Nursing Standard 2010;25(13):17.
  • Paul 1989 {published data only}
  • Paul BA. Exercise, sports and asthma. School Nurse 1989.
  • Pelham 1999 {published data only}
  • Pelham TW, Holt LE, Moss MA. Pulmonary function of children with asthma in selected indoor sport environments. Pediatric Exercise Science 1999;11(4):406-12.
  • Piacentini 2011 {published data only}
  • Piacentini GL, Baraldi E. Pro: swimming in chlorinated pools and risk of asthma: we can now carry on sending our children to swimming pools!. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine 2011;183(5):569-70.
  • Rothe 1990 {published data only}
  • Rothe T, Köhl C, Mansfeld HJ. [Controlled study of the effect of sports training on cardiopulmonary functions in asthmatic children and adolescents]. Pneumologie 1990;44(9):1110-4.
  • Schaar 1999 {published and unpublished data}
  • Schaar B, Platen P, Kaisser M, Jaeschke R. Swimming and roller-blading for teenagers with forms of bronchial asthma - comparative observation of the effectiveness of sport intervention [Schwimmen und Inline Skating für Teens mit Formen des Asthma bronchiale – Vergleichende Betrachtung der Effektivität sportlicher Interventionen]. Deutsche Zeitschrift fur Sportmedizin 1999;50:97.
  • Schmidt 1997 {published data only}
  • Schmidt SM, Ballke EH, Nuske F, Leistikow G, Wiersbitzky SKW. Influence of outpatient sports therapy on asthma bronchiale in children. Pneumologie 1997;51(8):835-41.
  • Silva 2006 {published data only}
  • Silva CS, Torres LAGMM, Rahal A, Terra Filho J, Vianna E O. Comparison of morning and afternoon exercise training for asthmatic children. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 2006;39(1):71-8.
  • Sly 1972 {published data only}
  • Sly RM, Harper RT, Rosselot I. The effect of physical conditioning upon asthmatic children. Annals of Allergy 1972;30(2):86-94.
  • Sockrider 2007 {published data only}
  • Sockrider M, Garvey C, Haggerty M, Fahy B, Lareau S. Asthma and exercise for children and adults. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine 2007;175(11):P5-6.
  • Svenonius 1983 {published data only}
  • Svenonius E, Kautto R, Arborelius M Jr. Improvement after training of children with exercise-induced asthma. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica 1983;72(1):23-30.
  • Turner 2011 {published data only}
  • Turner S, Eastwood P, Cook A, Jenkins S. Improvements in symptoms and quality of life following exercise training in older adults with moderate/severe persistent asthma. Respiration 2011;81(4):302-10.
  • Wardell 2006 {published data only}
  • Wardell C, Huang S, Isbister C. When children with asthma go swimming, the benefits can be many and long-lasting. Contemporary Pediatrics 2006;23(10):89.
  • Zipes 2003 {published data only}
  • Zipes D. Asthma and indoor swimming pools. Medical Update 2003;29(5):7.
  • Additional references
  • Abrams 2005
  • Abrams KR, Gillies CL, Lambert PC. Meta-analysis of heterogeneously reported trials assessing change from baseline. Statistics in Medicine 2005;24:3823-44.
  • Adams 2008
  • Adams NP, Bestall JC, Lasserson TJ, Jones P, Cates CJ. Fluticasone versus placebo for chronic asthma in adults and children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 4. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003135.pub4]
  • American Lung Association 2010
  • American Lung Association. Trends in Asthma Morbidity and Mortality. American Lung Association, Epidemiology and Statistics Unit Report (accessed 25 August 2011); Vol. www.lungusa.org/finding-cures/our-research/.../asthma-trend-report.pdf.
  • Armstrong 2011
  • Armstrong N, Tomkinson G, Ekelund U. Aerobic fitness and its relationship to sport, exercise training and habitual physical activity during youth. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2011;45(11):849-58.
  • Bar-Or 1992
  • Bar-Or O, Inbar O. Swimming and asthma. Benefits and deleterious effects. Sports Medicine 1992; Vol. 14, issue 6:397-405. [: 0112-1642]
  • Beilby 2006
  • Beilby J, Berkelmans A, Brown C. Asthma Management Handbook 2006. South Melbourne (Australia): National Asthma Council Australia, 2006.
  • Bernard 2003
  • Bernard A, Carbonnelle S, Michel O, Higuet S, De Burbure C, Buchet JP, et al.Lung hyperpermeability and asthma prevalence in schoolchildren: unexpected associations with the attendance at indoor chlorinated swimming pools. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 2003; Vol. 60, issue 6:385. [: 1470-7926]
  • Bernard 2006a
  • Bernard A, Carbonnelle S, De Burbune C, Michel O, Nickmilder M. Chlorinated pool attendance, atopy, and the risk of asthma during childhood. Environmental Health Perspectives 2006; Vol. 114, issue 10:1567-73.
  • Bernard 2010
  • Bernard A. Asthma and swimming: weighing the benefits and risks. Journal of Pediatrics 2010; Vol. 86, issue 5:351-2.
  • Chandratilleke 2012
  • Chandratilleke MG, Carson KV, Picot J, Brinn MP, Esterman AJ, Smith BJ. Physical training for asthma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 5. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001116.pub3; : CD001116]
  • Clark 1988
  • Clark CJ, Cochrane LM. Assessment of work performance in asthma for determination of cardiorespiratory fitness and training capacity. Thorax. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd and British Thoracic Society, 1988; Vol. 43, issue 10:745. [: 1468-3296]
  • Counil 2003
  • Counil FP, Varray A, Matecki S, Beurey A, Marchal P, Voisin M, et al.Training of aerobic and anaerobic fitness in children with asthma. Journal of Pediatrics 2003;142(2):179-84.
  • Downing 2011
  • Downing L. Swimming pools and asthma: A new risk or premature concern?. Contemporary Nurse 2011; Vol. 37, issue 2:225-6.
  • Fisk 2010
  • Fisk M, Steigerwald M, Smoliga J, Rundell K. Asthma in swimmers: A review of the current literature. Physician and Sports Medicine 2010; Vol. 4, issue 38:28-34.
  • Goodman 2008
  • Goodman M, Hays S. Asthma and swimming: a meta-analysis. Journal of Asthma 2008; Vol. 45, issue 8:639-47.
  • Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
  • Hyland 1991
  • Hyland ME. The living with asthma questionnaire. Respiratory Medicine 1991;85 supp:13-6.
  • Juniper 1996
  • Juniper EF, Guyatt GH, Feeny DH, Ferrie PJ, Griffith LE, Townsend M. Measuring quality of life in children with asthma. Quality of Life Research 1996;5(1):35-46.
  • Juniper 1996a
  • Juniper EF, Guyatt GH, Feeny DH, Ferrie PJ, Griffith LE, Townsend M. Measuring quality of life in the parents of children with asthma. Quality of Life Research 1996;5(1):27-34.
  • Lang 2004
  • Lang DM, Butz AM, Duggan AK, Serwint JR. Physical activity in urban school-aged children with asthma. Pediatrics 2004; Vol. 113, issue 4:e341-6.
  • Ram 2000
  • Ram F, Robinson S, Black P. Effects of physical training in asthma: a systematic review. British Journal of Sports Medicine 2000; Vol. 34, issue 3:162-7.
  • Ram 2005
  • Ram FSF, Robinson S, Black PN, Picot J. Physical training for asthma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 4. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001116.pub2]
  • Uyan 2009
  • Uyan Z, Carraro S, Piacentini G, Baraldi E. Swimming pool, respiratory health, and childhood asthma: Should we change our beliefs?. Pediatric Pulmonology 2009; Vol. 44, issue 1:31-7. [: 1099-0496]
  • Ward 2002
  • Ward C, Pais M, Bish R, Reid D, Feltis B, Johns D, et al. Airway inflammation, basement membrane thickening and bronchial hyperresponsiveness in asthma. Thorax. BMJ Publishing Group Ltd and British Thoracic Society, 2002; Vol. 57, issue 4:309. [: 1468-3296]
  • Wardell 2000
  • Wardell C, Isbister C. A swimming program for children with asthma: Does it improve their quality of life?. Medical Journal of Australia 2000; Vol. 173:647-8.
  • Welsh 2005
  • Welsh L, Kemp JG, Roberts RGD. Effects of physical conditioning on children and adolescents with asthma. Sports Medicine. Adis International, 2005; Vol. 35, issue 2:127-41. [: 0112-1642]
  • Wong 2008
  • Wong GWK, Chow CM. Childhood asthma epidemiology: insights from comparative studies of rural and urban populations. Pediatric Pulmonology 2008; Vol. 43, issue 2:107-16. [: 1099-0496]
  • World Health Organization Media Centre 2011
  • World Health Organization Media Centre. Asthma. Fact Sheets 2011, issue 28 June 2011.