SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Bern C, Martines J, de Zoysa I, Glass RI. The magnitude of the global problem of diarrhoeal diseases: a ten-year update. Bull WHO 1992; 70(6): 705714.
  • 2
    World Health Organization. The World Health Report 2002: Reducing Risks Promoting Healthy Life [WHO/WHR/02.1]. World Health Organization: Geneva; 2002.
  • 3
    MurrayCJL, LopezAD (eds). The Global Burden of Disease: A Comprehensive Assessment of Mortality and Disability from Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors in 1990 and Projected to 2020. Boston, MA: Harvard University Press; 1996.
  • 4
    World Health Organization. The Treatment of Diarrhoea: A Manual for Physicians and Other Senior Health Workers [WHO/FCH/CAH/03.7]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2003.
  • 5
    Martines J, Phillips M, Feachem RG. Diarrhoeal diseases. In JamisonDT, MoselyWH, MeashamAR, BobdadilliaJL (eds). Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 1993; 91116.
  • 6
    Curtis V, Cairncross S, Yonli R. Domestic hygiene and diarrhoea—pinpointing the problem. Trop Med Int Health 2000; 5(1): 2232.
  • 7
    Black RE, Lopez de Romana G, Brown KH, Bravo N, Bazalar OG, Kanashiro HC. Incidence and etiology of infantile diarrhea and major routes of transmission in Huascar, Peru. Am J Epidemiol 1989; 129(4): 785799.
  • 8
    Esrey SA, Feachem RG. Interventions for Control of Diarrhoeal Diseases among Young Children: Promotion of Food Hygiene [WHO/CDD/89.30]. Geneva: World Health Organization; 1989.
  • 9
    Motarjemi Y, Kaferstein F, Moy G, Quevado F. Contaminated weaning food: a major risk factor for diarrhoea and associated malnutrition. Bull WHO 1993; 71(1): 7992.
  • 10
    LeBaron CW, Furutan NP, Lew JF, Allen JR, Gouvea V, Moe C, et al. Viral agents of gastroenteritis. Public health importance and outbreak management. Morb Mort Weekly Rep. Recommendations Reports 1990; 39(RR-5): 124.
  • 11
    Traore E, Cousens S, Curtis V, Mertens T, Tall F, Traore A, et al. Childhood defecation behaviour, stool disposal practices, and childhood diarrhoea in Burkina Faso: results from a case-control study. J Epidemiol Commun Health 1994; 48(3): 270275.
  • 12
    Curtis V, Kanki B, Mertens T, Traore E, Diallo I, Tall F, et al. Potties, pits and pipes: explaining hygiene behaviour in Burkina Faso. Soc Sci Med 1995; 41(3): 383393.
  • 13
    Lanata CF, Huttly SR, Yeager BA. Diarrhea: whose feces matter? Reflections from studies in a Peruvian shanty town. Pediatric Infect Dis J 1998; 17(1): 79.
  • 14
    US Department of Health Services. Food Code 1999: Recommendations of the US Public Health Services. Publication Number PB99-115925:43; 1999.
  • 15
    Schmitt R, Bryan FL, Jermini M, Chilufya EN, Hakalima AT, Zyuulu M, et al. Hazards and critical control points of food preparation in homes in which persons had diarrhoea in Zambia. J Food Protect 1997; 60(2): 161171.
  • 16
    Yeager BA, Huttly SR, Bartolini R, Rojas M, Lanata CF. Defecation practices of young children in a Peruvian shanty town. Soc Sci Med 1999; 49(4): 531541.
  • 17
    Benneh G, Songsore J, Nabila JS, Amuzu AT, Tutu KA, Yangyuoru Y, et al. Environmental Problems and the Urban Household in Greater Accra Metropolitan area (GAMA)-Ghana. Stockholm: Stockholm Environment Institute; 1993.
  • 18
    Feachem RG, Hogan RC, Merson MH. Diarrhoeal disease control: reviews of potential interventions. Bull WHO 1983; 61(4): 637640.
  • 19
    Clasen T, Roberts I, Rabie T, Schmidt W, Cairncross S. Interventions to improve water quality for preventing diarrhoea. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006; Issue (3).
  • 20
    Curtis V. Hygienic, Happy and Healthy. A Series of Practical Manuals Designed to Help You Set Up a Hygiene Promotion Programme. Part I: Planning a Hygiene Promotion Programme. New York, NY: UNICEF; 1997.
  • 21
    Kaltenthaler E, Waterman R, Cross P. Faecal indicator bacteria on the hands and the effectiveness of hand-washing in Zimbabwe. J Tropic Med Hygiene 1991; 94(5): 358363.
  • 22
    Larson EL. APIC guideline for handwashing and hand antisepsis in health care settings. Am J Infection Control 1995; 23(4): 251269.
  • 23
    Rotter ML. Handwashing and hand disinfection. In MayhallCG (ed.) Hospital Epidemiology and Infection Control, 2nd edn. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins; 1999; 13391355.
  • 24
    Hoque BA, Mahalanabis D, Alam MJ, Islam MS. Post-defecation handwashing in Bangladesh: practice and efficiency perspectives. Public Health 1995; 109(1): 1524.
  • 25
    Hoque BA, Mahalanabis D, Pelto B, Alam MJ. Research methodology for developing efficient handwashing options: an example from Bangladesh. J Tropic Med Hygiene 1995; 98(6): 469475.
  • 26
    Han AM, Hlaing T. Prevention of diarrhoea and dysentery by hand washing. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1989; 83(1): 128131.
  • 27
    Shahid NS, Greenough WB, Samadi AR, Huq MI, Rahaman N. Handwashing with soap reduces diarrhoea and spread of bacterial pathogens in a Bangladesh village. J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 1996; 14(2): 8589.
  • 28
    Ehiri JE, Azubuike MC, Ubbaonu CN, Anyanwu EC, Ibe KM, Ogbonna MO. Critical control points of complementary food preparation and handling in eastern Nigeria. Bull WHO 2001; 79(5): 423433.
  • 29
    Cave B, Curtis V. Effectiveness of Promotional Techniques in Environmental Health. WELL Study No.165. www.lboro.ac.uk/well/resources/well-studies/full-reports-pdf/task0165.pdf; 1999; (accessed 1 September 2007).
  • 30
    Luby S. The role of hand washing in improving hygiene and health in low-income countries. Am J Infection Control 2001; 29(4): 239240.