Revising traditional theory on the link between plant body size and fitness under competition: evidence from old-field vegetation
Article first published online: 25 FEB 2014
© 2014 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ecology and Evolution
Volume 4, Issue 7, pages 959–967, April 2014
How to Cite
Ecology and Evolution 2014; 4(7):959–967
- Issue published online: 7 APR 2014
- Article first published online: 25 FEB 2014
- Manuscript Accepted: 27 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Revised: 25 JAN 2014
- Manuscript Received: 23 DEC 2013
- Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada
- 2008. Death without sex – the ‘problem of the small’ and selection for reproductive economy in flowering plants. Evol. Ecol. 22:279–298.
- 2002. Predicting distributions of species richness and species size in regional floras: applying the species pool hypothesis to the habitat template model. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 5:3–12. , and .
- 2006. Why are there so many small plants? Implications for species coexistence. J. Ecol. 94:569–580. , , and .
- 2013. High reproductive efficiency as an adaptive strategy in competitive environments. Funct. Ecol. 27:876–885.
- 2009. Offspring for the next generation: most are produced by small plants within herbaceous populations. Evol. Ecol. 23:737–751. , and .
- 1988. Tropical forest census plots. Springer-Verlag and R.G. Landes, USA.
- 2009. Resource strategies of wild plants. Princeton Univ. Press, New Jersey.
- 2010. Within-genus size distributions in angiosperms: small is better. Perspect. Plant Ecol. Evol. Syst. 12:283–293. , and .
- 1988. A comparative approach to predicting competitive ability from plant traits. Nature 334:242–243. , and .
- 1996. Competitive ability: definitions, contingency and correlated traits. Proc. Biol. Sci. 35:1377–1385.
- 1991. Competitive effect and response: hierarchies and correlated traits in the early stages of competition. J. Ecol. 79:1013–1030. , and .
- 1999. Population structure in old-growth and managed northern hardwoods: an examination of the balanced diameter distribution concept. For. Ecol. Manage. 118:11–29. , and .
- 1990. On the relationship between plant traits and competitive ability. Pp. 384–385 in J. B. Grace and D. Tilman, eds. Perspectives on plant competition. Academic Press, San Diego, TX.
- 1973. Competitive exclusion in herbaceous vegetation. Nature 242:344–347.
- 1977. Population biology of plants. Academic Press, London.
- 2001. Competition. 2nd ed. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. Pp. 575.
- 1989. Competitive hierarchies in herbaceous plant communities. Oikos 54:234–241. , and .
- 1994. Competitive effect and response rankings in 20 wetland plants: are they consistent across three environments? J. Ecol. 85:634–643. , , and .
- 2002. Relative competitive performance of 63 species of terrestrial herbaceous plants. J. Veg. Sci. 13:5–16. , , , and .
- 1986. Onset of reproduction in plants: size versus age dependency. Trends Ecol. Evol. 1:72–75.
- 1996. Composition, structure and disturbance history of crabtree woods: an old growth forest of western Maryland. Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 123:350–365. , and .
- 2010. Comparative biogeography of New Zealand trees: species richness, height, leaf traits and range sizes. N. Z. J. Ecol. 34:137–151. , , and .
- 2009. Global patterns in plant height. J. Ecol. 97:923–932. , , , , , , et al.
- 2006. Comparing tropical forest tree size distributions with the predictions of metabolic ecology and equilibrium models. Ecol. Lett. 9:589–602.
- 2008. More plant biomass results in more offspring production in annuals, or does it? Oikos 117:1298–1307. , and .
- 2003. Size dependent species richness: trends within plant communities and across latitude. Ecol. Lett. 6:631–636. , , and .
- 2008. Maximum size distributions in tropical forest communities: relationships with rainfall and disturbance. J. Ecol. 96:495–504. , , , and .
- R Development Core Team. 2008. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. ISBN 3-900051-07-0. Available at http://www.R-project.org.
- 1997. Predicting competitive interactions between pioneer plant species by using plant traits. J. Veg. Sci. 8:489–494. , , and .
- 2009. The assembly of forest communities according to maximum species height along resource and disturbance gradients. Oikos 118:564–572. , and .
- 2001. Structure and dynamics of an undisturbed old-growth Norway spruce forest on the rising Bothnian coastline. For. Ecol. Manage. 151:67–79. , and .
- 1990. Complex competitive relationships among genotypes of three perennial grasses: Implications for species coexistence. Am. Nat. 136:305–327. , and .
- 1982. Resource competition and community structure. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton, New Jersey. Pp. 296.
- 2011. Competition and body size in plants: the between-species trade-off in maximum potential versus minimum reproductive threshold size. J. Plant Ecol. 4:115–122. , and .
- 2012. Size distributions and dispersions along a 485-year chronosequence for sand dune vegetation. Ecol. Evol. 2:719–726. , and .
- 2007. Relationships between body size and abundance in ecology. Trends Ecol. Evol. 22:323–330. , , , and .