SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Albon, S. D., B. Mitchell, and B. W. Staines. 1983. Fertility and body weight in female red deer: a density-dependent relationship. J. Anim. Ecol. 52:969980.
  • Ballesteros, M., B.-J. Bårdsen, K. Langeland, P. Fauchald, A. Stien, and T. Tveraa. 2012. The effect of warble flies on reindeer fitness: a parasite removal experiment. J. Zool. 287:3440.
  • Barboza, P. S., and K. L. Parker. 2008. Allocating protein to reproduction in Arctic reindeer and caribou. Physiol. Biochem. Zool. 81:835855.
  • Bårdsen, B.-J. 2009. Risk sensitive reproductive strategies: the effect of environmental unpredictability. Ph.D. thesis. Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Univ. of Tromsø, Norway.
  • Bårdsen, B.-J., and T. Tveraa. 2012. Density dependence vs. density independence - linking reproductive allocation to population abundance and vegetation greenness. J. Anim. Ecol. 81:364376.
  • Bårdsen, B.-J., P. Fauchald, T. Tveraa, K. Langeland, N. G. Yoccoz, and R. A. Ims. 2008. Experimental evidence for a risk sensitive reproductive allocation in a long-lived mammal. Ecology 89:829837.
  • Bårdsen, B.-J., P. Fauchald, T. Tveraa, K. Langeland, and M. Nieminen. 2009. Experimental evidence of cost of lactation in a low risk environment for a long-lived mammal. Oikos 118:837852.
  • Bårdsen, B.-J., T. Tveraa, P. Fauchald, and K. Langeland. 2010. Observational evidence of a risk sensitive reproductive allocation in a long-lived mammal. Oecologia 162:627639.
  • Bårdsen, B.-J., J.-A. Henden, P. Fauchald, T. Tveraa, and A. Stien. 2011. Plastic reproductive allocation as a buffer against environmental stochasticity - linking life history and population dynamics to climate. Oikos 20:245257.
  • van den Berghe, E. P. 1992. Parental care and the cost of reproduction in a Mediterranean fish. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 30:373378.
  • Bonenfant, C., J. M. Gaillard, T. Coulson, M. Festa-Bianchet, A. Loison, M. Garel, et al. 2009. Empirical evidence of density-dependence in populations of large herbivores. Adv. Ecol. Res., 41:313357.
  • Bråthen, K. A., R. A. Ims, N. G. Yoccoz, P. Fauchald, T. Tveraa, and V. H. Hausner. 2007. Induced shift in ecosystem productivity? Extensive scale effects of abundant large herbivores. Ecosystems 10:773789.
  • Bronson, F. H. 1995. Seasonal-variation in human-reproduction - environmental-factors. Q. Rev. Biol. 70:141164.
  • Chan-McLeod, A. C., R. G. White, and D. E. Russell. 1999. Comparative body composition strategies of breeding and nonbreeding female caribou. Can. J. Zool. 77:19011907.
  • Clutton-Brock, T. H., I. R. Stevenson, P. Marrow, A. D. MacColl, A. I. Houston, and J. M. McNamara. 1996. Population fluctuations, reproductive costs and life-history tactics in female Soay sheep. J. Anim. Ecol. 65:675689.
  • Clutton-Brock, T. H., A. W. Illius, K. Wilson, B. T. Grenfell, A. D. C. MacColl, and S. D. Albon. 1997. Stability and instability in ungulate populations: an empirical analysis. Am. Nat. 149:195219.
  • Coulson, T., E. A. Catchpole, S. D. Albon, B. J. T. Morgan, J. M. Pemberton, T. H. Clutton-Brock, et al. 2001. Age, sex, density, winter weather, and population crashes in Soay sheep. Science 292:15281531.
  • Fauchald, P., T. Tveraa, C. Henaug, and N. Yoccoz. 2004. Adaptive regulation of body reserves in reindeer, Rangifer tarandus: a feeding experiment. Oikos 107:583591.
  • Fauchald, P., R. Rødven, B.-J. Bårdsen, K. Langeland, T. Tveraa, N. G. Yoccoz, et al. 2007. Escaping parasitism in the selfish herd: age, size and density-dependent warble fly infestation in reindeer. Oikos 116:491499.
  • Festa-Bianchet, M. 1998. Condition-dependent reproductive success in bighorn ewes. Ecol. Lett. 1:9194.
  • Festa-Bianchet, M., J. M. Gaillard, and J. T. Jorgenson. 1998. Mass- and density-dependent reproductive success and reproductive costs in a capital breeder. Am. Nat. 152:367379.
  • Gaillard, J. M., and N. G. Yoccoz. 2003. Temporal variation in survival of mammals: a case of environmental canalization? Ecology 84:32943306.
  • Gerhart, K. L., R. G. White, R. D. Cameron, and D. E. Russel. 1996. Body composition and nutrient reserves of arctic caribou. Can. J. Zool. 74:136146.
  • Hansen, B. B., R. Aanes, I. Herfindal, J. Kohler, and B. E. Sæther. 2011. Climate, icing, and wild arctic reindeer: past relationships and future prospects. Ecology 92:19171923.
  • Hanssen, S. A., D. Hasselquist, I. Folstad, and K. E. Erikstad. 2005. Cost of reproduction in a long-lived bird: incubation effort reduces immune function and future reproduction. Proc. Biol. Sci. 272:10391046.
  • Henden, J.-A., B.-J. Bårdsen, N. G. Yoccoz, and R. A. Ims. 2008. Impacts of differential prey dynamics on the potential recovery of endangered arctic fox populations. J. Appl. Ecol. 45:10861093.
  • Hutchings, J. A. 1994. Age-specific and size-specific costs of reproduction within populations of brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis. Oikos 70:1220.
  • Klemetsen, A., P. A. Amundsen, J. B. Dempson, B. Jonsson, N. Jonsson, M. F. O'Connell, et al. 2003. Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L., brown trout Salmo trutta L. and Arctic charr Salvelinus alpinus (L.): a review of aspects of their life histories. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 12:159.
  • Koons, D. N., S. Pavard, A. Baudisch, and C. J. E. Metcalf. 2009. Is life-history buffering or lability adaptive in stochastic environments? Oikos 118:972980.
  • Kuznar, L. A. 2001. Risk sensitivity and value among Andean pastoralists: measures, models, and empirical tests. Curr. Anthropol. 42:432440.
  • Kuznar, L. A. 2002. Evolutionary applications of risk sensitivity models to socially stratified species - comparison of sigmoid, concave, and linear functions. Evol. Hum. Behav. 23:265280.
  • Kuznar, L. A., and W. G. Frederick. 2003. Environmental constraints and sigmoid utility: implications for value, risk sensitivity, and social status. Ecol. Econ. 46:293306.
  • Lummaa, V., and T. H. Clutton-Brock. 2002. Early development, survival and reproduction in humans. Trends Ecol. Evol. 17:141147.
  • Mace, R. 1993. Nomadic pastoralists adopt subsistence strategies that maximize long-term household survival. Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 33:329334.
  • Mautz, W. W. 1978. Sledding on a bushy hillside: the fat cycle in deer. Wildl. Soc. Bull. 6:8890.
  • Monteith, K. L., L. E. Schmitz, J. A. Jenks, J. A. Delger, and R. T. Bowyer. 2009. Growth of male white-tailed deer: consequences of maternal effects. J. Mammal. 90:651660.
  • Monteith, K. L., T. R. Stephenson, V. C. Bleich, M. M. Conner, B. M. Pierce, and R. T. Bowyer. 2013. Risk-sensitive allocation in seasonal dynamics of fat and protein reserves in a long-lived mammal. J. Anim. Ecol. 82:377388.
  • Morano, S., K. M. Stewart, J. S. Sedinger, C. A. Nicolai, and M. Vavra. 2012. Life-history strategies of North American elk: trade-offs associated with reproduction and survival. J. Mammal. 94:162172.
  • Næss, M. W., and B.-J. Bårdsen. 2010. Environmental stochasticity and long-term livestock viability - herd-accumulation as a risk reducing strategy. Hum. Ecol. 38:317.
  • Næss, M. W., and B.-J. Bårdsen. 2013. Why herd size matters – mitigating the effects of livestock crashes. PLoS ONE 8:e70161.
  • Næss, M. W., B.-J. Bårdsen, P. Fauchald, and T. Tveraa. 2010. Cooperative pastoral production - the importance of kinship. Evol. Hum. Behav. 31:246258.
  • Næss, M. W., B.-J. Bårdsen, E. Pedersen, and T. Tveraa. 2011. Pastoral herding strategies and governmental management objectives: predation compensation as a risk buffering strategy in the Saami reindeer husbandry. Hum. Ecol. 39:489508.
  • Parker, H., and H. Holm. 1990. Patterns of nutrient and energy expenditure in female common eiders nesting in the High Arctic. Auk 107:660668.
  • R Development Core Team. 2011. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Austria.
  • Radder, R. S. 2006. An overview of geographic variation in the life history traits of the tropical agamid lizard, Calotes versicolor. Curr. Sci. 91:13541363.
  • Sæther, B.-E. 1997. Environmental stochasticity and population dynamics of large herbivores: a search for mechanisms. Trends Ecol. Evol. 12:143149.
  • Sæther, B.-E., R. Andersen, O. Hjeljord, and M. Heim. 1996. Ecological correlates of regional variation in life history of the moose Alces alces. Ecology 77:14931500.
  • Sand, H. 1996. Life history patterns in female moose (Alces alces): the relationship between age, body size, fecundity and environmental conditions. Oecologia 106:212220.
  • Shine, R. 2005. Life-history evolution in reptiles. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 36:2346.
  • Simard, M. A., S. D. Côté, R. B. Weladji, and J. Huot. 2008. Feedback effects of chronic browsing on life-history traits of a large herbivore. J. Anim. Ecol. 77:678686.
  • Sinclair, A. R. E., and R. P. Pech. 1996. Density dependence, stochasticity, compensation and predator regulation. Oikos 75:164173.
  • Stephens, D. W., and J. R. Krebs. 1986. Foraging theory. Princeton Univ. Press, Princeton.
  • Thompson, D. P., and P. S. Barboza. 2013. Responses of caribou and reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) to acute food shortages in spring. Can. J. Zool. 91:610618.
  • Turchin, P. 1995. Population regulation: old arguments and a new synthesis. Pp. 1940 in N. Cappuccino and P. W. Price, eds. Population dynamics - new approaches and synthesis. Academic Press, San Diego.
  • Tveito, O. E., E. J. Førland, H. Alexandersson, A. Drebs, A. Jónsson, H. Tuomenvirta, et al. 2001. Nordic climate maps. Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway.
  • Tveraa, T., P. Fauchald, C. Henaug, and N. G. Yoccoz. 2003. An examination of a compensatory relationship between food limitation and predation in semi-domestic reindeer. Oecologia 137:370376.
  • Tveraa, T., P. Fauchald, N. G. Yoccoz, R. A. Ims, R. Aanes, and K. A. Høgda. 2007. What regulate and limit reindeer populations in Norway? Oikos 116:706715.
  • Tveraa, T., A. Stien, B.-J. Bårdsen, and P. Fauchald. 2013. Population densities, vegetation green-up, and plant productivity: impacts on reproductive success and juvenile body mass in reindeer. PLoS ONE 8:e56450.
  • Weladji, R. B., A. Loison, J. M. Gaillard, Ø. Holand, A. Mysterud, N. G. Yoccoz, et al. 2008. Heterogeneity in individual quality overrides costs of reproduction in female reindeer. Oecologia 156:237247.
  • Williams, G. C. 1966. Natural selection costs of reproduction and a refinement of Lack's principle. Am. Nat. 100:687690.
  • Winterhalder, B. 2007. Risk and decision-making. Pp. 433445 in R. I. M. Dunbar, L. Barrett, eds. The Oxford handbook of evolutionary psychology. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, U.K.
  • Winterhalder, B., F. Lu, and B. Tucker. 1999. Risk-sensitive adaptive tactics: models and evidence from subsistence studies in biology and anthropology. J. Archaeol. Res. 7:301348.
  • Zuur, A. F., E. N. Ieno, N. J. Walker, A. Saveliev, and G. M. Smith. 2009. Mixed effects models and extensions in ecology with R. Springer, New York.