Advertisement

Which host-dependent insects are most prone to coextinction under changed climates?

Authors

  • Melinda L. Moir,

    Corresponding author
    1. School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    2. School of Botany, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    • Correspondence

      Melinda L. Moir, School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia 6009, Australia.

      Tel: +61 439 999 226;

      Fax: +61 8 6488 1108;

      E-mail: melinda.moir@uwa.edu.au

    Search for more papers by this author
  • Lesley Hughes,

    1. Department of Biological Sciences, Macquarie University, North Ryde, New South Wales, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Peter A. Vesk,

    1. School of Botany, University of Melbourne, Parkville, Victoria, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author
  • Mei Chen Leng

    1. School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Crawley, Western Australia, Australia
    Search for more papers by this author

Abstract

Coextinction (loss of dependent species with their host or partner species) presents a threat to untold numbers of organisms. Climate change may act synergistically to accelerate rates of coextinction. In this review, we present the first synthesis of the available literature and propose a novel schematic diagram that can be used when assessing the potential risk climate change represents for dependent species. We highlight traits that may increase the susceptibility of insect species to coextinction induced by climate change, suggest the most influential host characteristics, and identify regions where climate change may have the greatest impact on dependent species. The aim of this review was to provide a platform for future research, directing efforts toward taxa and habitats at greatest risk of species loss through coextinction accelerated by climate change.

Ancillary