Figure S1. The effect of temporal variation alone on selection for phenotypic plasticity (mean Pij) and developmental instability (mean Rij) when change occurs both at the time of development and the time of selection (pattern 3).

Figure S2. The propensity for phenotypic plasticity (mean Pij) to be favored by selection when developmental instability is present and there is both temporal and spatial environmental heterogeneity.

Figure S3. The interaction of dispersal rate and temporal variation of the local phenotypic optima on the evolution of phenotypic plasticity (mean Pij) when selection occurs before dispersal (select first).

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