SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Barlaup, B. T., E. Kleiven, H. Christensen, N. B. Kile, B. O. Martinsen, and A. Vethe. 2005. Bleka i Byglandsfjorden – bestandsstatus og tiltak for økt naturlig rekruttering. DN-utredning 2005–3.72 s. Direktoratet for naturforvaltning, Trondheim, Norway. (In Norwegian).
  • Berg, M. 1953. A relict salmon, Salmo salar L., called “småblank” from the River Namsen, North-Trøndelag. Acta Bor. A. Sci. 6:117.
  • Berg, O. K. 1984. comparison between the distributions of land-locked Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. and three-spines stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus L. in the river Namsen, Norway. Fauna norv. Ser. A 5:3741.
  • Berg, O. K. 1985. The formation of non-anadromous populations of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in Europe. J. Fish Biol. 27:805815.
  • Berg, O. K., and D. Gausen. 1988. Life history of a riverine, resident Atlantic salmon Salmo salar L. Fauna Norvegica Ser A 9:6368.
  • Bourret, V., M. P. Kent, C. R. Primmer, A. Vasemägi, S. Karlsson, K. Hindar, et al. 2013. SNP-array reveals genome-wide patterns of geographical and potential adaptive divergence across the natural range of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Mol. Ecol. 22:532551.
  • Brönmark, C., and L.-A. Hansson. 2005. The biology of ponds and lakes. 2nd ed. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford.
  • Cairney, M., J. B. Taggart, and B. Hoyheim. 2000. Characterization of microsatellite and minisatellite loci in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and cross-species amplification in other salmonids. Mol. Ecol. 9:21752178.
  • Dahl, K. 1928. The “blege” or dwarf-salmon. A landlocked salmon from Lake Byglandsfjorden in Setesdal. Skrifter, Norske Videnskaps-Akademi, Oslo. Matematisk-Naturvitenskapelig Klasse 9, 1927. 28 pp.
  • Earl, D. A., and B. M. von Holdt. 2012. STRUCTURE HARVESTER: a website and program for visualizing STRUCTURE output and implementing the Evanno method. Conserv. Genet. Resour. 4:359361.
  • Evanno, G., S. Regnaut, and J. Goudet. 2005. Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software STRUCTURE: a simulation study. Mol. Ecol. 14:26112620.
  • Felsenstein, J. 2009. PHYLIP (Phylogeny Inference Package) version 3.69. Distributed by the author. Department of Genetics, University of Washington, Seattle.
  • Finstad, A. G., S. Einum, T. Forseth, and O. Ugedal. 2007. Shelter availability affects behaviour, size-dependent and mean growth of juvenile Atlantic salmon. Freshw. Biol. 52:17101718.
  • Ford, M. J. 2004. Conservation units and preserving diversity. Pp. 338357 in A. P. Hendry and S. C. Stearns, eds. Evolution illuminated. Salmon and their relatives. Oxford Univ. Press, New York.
  • Frankham, R. 1997. Do island populations have less genetic variation than mainland populations? Heredity 78:311327.
  • Garza, J. C., and E. G. Williamson. 2001. Detection of reduction in population size using data from microsatellite loci. Mol. Ecol. 10:305318.
    Direct Link:
  • Gibson, R. J., D. D. Williams, C. McGowan, and W. S. Davidson. 1996. The ecology of dwarf fluvial Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., cohabiting with brook trout, Salvelinus fontinalis (Mitchill), in southeastern Newfoundland, Canada. Pol. Arch. Hydrobiol. 43:145166.
  • Glover, K. A., C. Pertoldi, F. Besnier, V. Wennevik, M. Kent, and Ø. Skaala. 2013. Atlantic salmon populations invaded by farmed escapees: quantifying genetic introgression with a Bayesian approach and SNPs. BMC Genet. 14:74. doi:10.1186/1471-2156-14-74
  • Gomez-Uchida, D., F. P. Palstra, T. W. Knight, and D. E. Ruzzante. 2013. Contemporary effective population and metapopulation size (Ne and meta-Ne): comparison among three salmonids inhabiting a fragmented system and differing in gene flow and its asymmetries. Ecol. Evol. 3:569580.
  • Goudet, J. 2001. FSTAT, a program to estimate and test gene diversities and fixation indices (version 2.9.3). Available at http://www.unil.chlizea/softwares/fstat.html.
  • Groom, M. J., G. K. Meffe, and C. R. Carroll. 2006. Principles of conservation biology, 3rd ed. Sinauer, Sunderland, MA.
  • Hänfling, B., and D. Weetman. 2006. Concordant genetic estimators of migration reveal anthropogenically enhanced source-sink population structure in the river sculpin, Cottus gobio. Genetics 173:14871501.
  • Hanski, I. 1999. Metapopulation ecology. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford.
  • Heggenes, J., J. L. Bagliniere, and R. A. Cunjak. 1999. Spatial niche variability for young Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) and brown trout (S. trutta) in heterogeneous streams. Ecol. Freshw. Fish 8:121. doi:10.1111/j.1600-0633.1999.tb00048.x
  • Hill, W. G. 1981. Estimation of effective population size from data on linkage disequilibrium. Genet. Res. 38:209216.
  • Hindar, K., and J. Nordland. 1989. A female Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., maturing sexually in the parr stage. J. Fish Biol. 35:461463.
  • Hinten, G., F. Harriss, M. Rossetto, and P. R. Braverstock. 2003. Genetic variation and island biogeography: microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA variation in island populations of the Australian bush rat, Rattus fuscipes greyii. Conserv. Genet. 4:759778.
  • Jonsson, B., and N. Jonsson. 2011. Ecology of Atlantic salmon and brown trout. Habitat as a template for life histories. Springer, Dordrecht.
  • Jorde, P. E., and N. Ryman. 2007. Unbiased estimator for genetic drift and effective population size. Genetics 177:927935.
  • Karlsson, S., T. Moen, S. Lien, and K. Hindar. 2011. Generic genetic differences between farmed and wild Atlantic salmon identified from a 7K SNP-chip. Mol. Ecol. Resour. 11(Suppl 1):247253.
  • Kawecki, T. J., and R. D. Holt. 2002. Evolutionary consequences of asymmetric dispersal rates. Am. Nat. 160:333347.
  • Kazakov, R. V. 1992. Distribution of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar L., in freshwater bodies of Europe. Aquac. Res. 23:461475.
  • King, T. I., E. Verspoor, A. P. Spindle, R. Gross, R. B. Phillips, M. I. Koljonen, et al. 2007. Biodiversity and population structure. Pp. 117166 in E. Verspoor, L. Stradmeyer and J. Nielsen, eds. The Atlantic salmon: genetics, conservation, and management. Blackwell, London.
  • Lubieniecki, K., S. L. Jones, E. A. Davidson, J. Park, B. F. Koop, S. Walker, et al. 2010. Comparative genomic analysis of Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, from Europe and North America. BMC Genet. 11:105. doi:10.1186/1471-2156-11-105
  • McConnell, S., L. Hamilton, D. Morris, D. Cook, D. Paquet, P. Bentzen, et al. 1995. Isolation of salmonid microsatellite loci and their application to the population genetics of Canadian east coast stocks of Atlantic salmon. Aquaculture 137:1930.
  • Morita, K., and S. Yamamoto. 2002. Effects of habitat fragmentation by damming on the persistence of stream-dwelling charr populations. Conserv. Biol. 16:13181323.
  • Nei, M. 1972. Genetic distance between populations. Am. Nat. 106:283392.
  • Nei, M. 1978. Estimation of average heterozygosity and genetic distance from a small number of individuals. Genetics 76:379390.
  • Nilsson, J., R. Gross, T. Asplund, O. Dove, H. Jansson, J. Kelloniemi, et al. 2001. Matrilinear phylogeography of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) in Europe and postglacial colonization of the Baltic Sea area. Mol. Ecol. 10:89102.
  • Norum, I. C. J. 2010. Habitatkrav og habitattilgjengelighet for småblank (Salmo salar), relikt laks i øvre Namsen. Cand.scient. [M.Sc. thesis], Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, 36 pp + attachments. (In Norwegian).
  • O'Reilly, P. T., L. C. Hamilton, S. K. McConnell, and J. M. Wright. 1996. Rapid analysis of genetic variation in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) by PCR multiplexing of dinucleotide and tetranucleotide microsatellites. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 53:22922298.
  • Ozerov, M. Y., A. J. Veselov, J. Lumme, and C. R. Primmer. 2010. Genetic structure of freshwater Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) populations from the lakes Onega and Ladoga of northwest Russia and implications for conservation. Conserv. Genet. 11:17111724.
  • Ozerov, M. Y., A. E. Veselov, J. Lumme, and C. R. Primmer. 2012. “Riverscape” genetics: river characteristics influence the genetic structure and diversity of anadromous and freshwater Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) populations in northwest Russia. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 69:19471958.
  • Peakall, R., and P. E. Smouse. 2006. GENALEX 6: genetic analysis in excel. Population genetic software for teaching and research. Mol. Ecol. Notes 6:288295.
  • Perrier, C., V. Bourret, M. P. Kent, and L. Bernatchez. 2013. Parallel and non-parallel genome-wide divergence among replicate population pairs of freshwater and anadromous Atlantic salmon. Mol. Ecol. 22:55775593. doi:10.1111/mec.12500
  • Piry, S., A. Alapetite, J. M. Cornuet, D. Paetkau, L. Baudouin, and A. Estoup. 2004. GeneClass2: a software for genetic assignment and first-generation migrant detection. J. Hered. 95:536539.
  • Pollux, B. J. A., A. Luteijn, J. M. Van Groenendael, and N. J. Ouborg. 2009. Gene flow and genetic structure of the aquatic macrophyte Sparganium emersum in a linear unidirectional river. Freshw. Biol. 54:6476.
  • Pringle, J. M., A. M. H. Blakeslee, J. E. Byers, and J. Roman. 2011. Asymmetric dispersal allows an upstream region to control population structure throughout a species' range. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. 108:1528815293.
  • Pritchard, J. K., M. Stephens, and P. Donnelly. 2000. Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data. Genetics 155:945959.
  • Pulliam, H. R. 1988. Sources, sinks, and population regulation. Am. Nat. 132:652661.
  • Rannala, B., and J. L. Mountain. 1997. Detecting immigration by using multilocus genotypes. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. 94:91979201.
  • Raymond, M., and F. Rousset. 1995. Genepop (version 2.1): Population genetics software for exact tests and ecumenicism. J. Hered. 86:248249.
  • Säisä, M., M.-L. Koljonen, R. Gross, J. Nilsson, J. Tähtinen, J. Koskiniemi, et al. 2005. Population genetic structure and postglacial colonization of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in the Baltic Sea area based on microsatellite DNA variation. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 62:18871904. doi:10.1139/F05-094
  • Sanchez, J. A., C. Clabby, D. Ramos, G. Blanco, F. Flavin, E. Vazquez, et al. 1996. Protein and microsatellite single locus variability in Salmo salar L. (Atlantic salmon). Heredity 77:423432.
  • Schindler, D. E., R. Hilborn, B. Chasco, C. P. Boatright, T. P. Quinn, L. A. Rogers, et al. 2010. Population diversity and the portfolio effect in an exploited species. Nature 465:609612. doi:10.1038/nature09060
  • Schneider, S., D. Roessli, and L. Excoffier. 2000. Arlequin Ver. 2.0: a software for population genetic data analysis. Genetics and Biometry Laboratory, University of Geneva, Geneva.
  • Scott, W. B., and E. J. Crossman. 1973. Freshwater fishes of Canada. Fish. Res. Bd. Can.; Bull. 184:1966.
  • Slettan, A., I. Olsaker, and Ø. Lie. 1995. Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, microsatellites at the SSOSL25, SSOSL85, SSOSL311, SSOSL417 loci. Anim. Genet. 26:281282.
  • Slettan, A., I. Olsaker, and Ø. Lie. 1996. Polymorphic Atlantic salmon, Salmo salar, microsatellites at the SSOSL438, SSOSL439 and SSOSL444 loci. Anim. Genet. 27:5758.
  • Ståhl, G. 1987. Genetic population structure of Atlantic salmon. Pp 121140 in N. Ryman, F. Utter, eds. Population genetics and fishery management. Univ. of Washington Press, Seattle, WA.
  • Ståhl, G., and K. Hindar. 1988. Genetisk struktur hos norsk laks: status og perspektiver. Rapport 1-1988, Fiskeforskningen, Direktoratet for naturforvaltning, Trondheim, 57 pp. (In Norwegian).
  • Thorstad, E. B., K. Hindar, O. K. Berg, L. Saksgård, I. C. J. Norum, O. T. Sandlund, et al. 2009. Status for småblankbestanden i Namsen. NINA Rapport 403:195 (In Norwegian).
  • Tufto, J., and K. Hindar. 2003. Effective size in management and conservation of subdivided populations. J. Theor. Biol. 222:273281.
  • Vuorinen, J., and O. K. Berg. 1989. Genetic divergence of anadromous and nonanadromous Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) in the River Namsen, Norway. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 46:406409.
  • Wang, J., and M. C. Whitlock. 2003. Estimating effective population size and migration rates from genetic samples over space and time. Genetics 163:429446.
  • Waples, R. S. 1991. Pacific salmon, Oncorhynchus spp., and the definition of “species” under the Endangered Species Act. Mar. Fisheries Rev. 53:1122.
  • Waples, R. S. 2006. A bias correction for estimates of effective population size based on linkage disequilibrium at unlinked gene loci. Conserv. Genet. 7:167184.
  • Waples, R. S., and C. Do. 2008. LDNE: a program for estimating effective population size in species from data on linkage disequilibrium. Mol. Ecol. Res. 8:753756.
  • Waples, R. S., and C. Do. 2010. Linkage disequilibrium estimates of contemporary Ne using highly variable genetic markers: a largely untapped resource for applied conservation and evolution. Evol. Appl. 3:244262.
  • Webb, J., E. Verspoor, N. Aubin-Horth, A. Romakkaniemi, and P. Amiro. 2007. The Atlantic salmon. Pp. 1756 in E. Verspoor, L. Stradmeyer and J. Nielsen, eds. The Atlantic salmon. Blackwell, Oxford.
  • Weir, B. S., and C. C. Cockerham. 1984. Estimating F-statistics for the analysis of population structure. Evolution 38:13581370.
  • Whiteley, A. R., K. Hastings, J. K. Wenburg, C. A. Frissell, J. C. Martin, and F. W. Allendorf. 2010. Genetic variation and effective population size in isolated populations of coastal cutthroat trout. Conserv. Genet. 11:19291943.
  • Wootton, R. J. 1998. Ecology of teleost fishes, 2nd ed. Kluwer, London.