ece31087-sup-0001-Reference.pdfPDF document151KAppendix S1. References.
ece31087-sup-0002-FigS1-S6.pdfPDF document520K

Figure S1. Leaf Mass per Area (LMA) within growth forms. Distribution of LMA (g.m−2) with respect to the different growth forms in order of increasing mean LMA values. In brackets: n, number of species per growth form (Table S1).

Figure S2. Detailed distribution of Leaf Mass per Area (LMA) within ferns and lycophytes.

Figure S3. Leaf Mass per Area (LMA) in the subsample of (a) herbaceous species for which life history was unambiguous (annual: mean: 45g.m −2/ coefficient of variation: /0.51, n = 545; and perennial: 65/0.82, n = 921) and of (b) woody species for which leaf phenology was unambiguous (deciduous: 79/0.38, n = 522; evergreen: 174/0.76, n = 969).

Figure S4. LMA at the level of families: (a) Mean LMA (LMA in g.m−2) across extant species within families vs estimated age of families (in Myr); (b) Coefficient of variation of LMA within families vs estimated age.

Figure S5. Correlogram of LMA showing Moran's I (IM) within taxonomic levels, for the complete sample (black line and symbols, n = 5401 species), and for the woody (dark gray, n = 2564 species) and herbaceous (light gray, n = 2417 species) growth forms.

Figure S6. Alternative models for LMA evolution in woody (top) and herbaceous species (bottom).

ece31087-sup-0003-TableS1-S4.pdfPDF document219K

Table S1. Growth forms and clades.

Table S2. Results from family-level linear models of the mean and coefficient of variation (CV) of log-transformed mean LMA values, l, within Eudicotyledonae families.

Table S3. Summary of evolution models for LMA.

Table S4. Genera associated with significant conservative divergences.

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