DJF was supported by NSERC (Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada) Discovery Grant.
Effective/census population size ratio estimation: a compendium and appraisal
Version of Record online: 25 JUL 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited and is not used for commercial purposes.
Ecology and Evolution
Volume 2, Issue 9, pages 2357–2365, September 2012
How to Cite
Ecology and Evolution 2012; 2(9): 2357–2365
- Issue online: 11 SEP 2012
- Version of Record online: 25 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 19 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 11 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 11 JUN 2012
- NSERC (Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada)
- 2005. Effects of habitat fragmentation on effective population size in the endangered Rio Grande silvery minnow. Conserv. Biol. 19:1138–1148. , and .
- 2003. Demographic and genetic estimates of effective population size (N e) reveals genetic compensation in steelhead trout. Mol. Ecol. 12:35–49. , and .
- 2003. Estimation of population growth or decline in genetically monitored populations. Genetics 164:1139–1160.
- 2012. Concurrent habitat and life history influences on effective/census population size ratios in stream-dwelling trout. Ecol. Evol. 2:562–573. , , , , , and .
- 1992. Population viability analysis. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 23:481–506.
- 2001. Matrix population models: construction, analyses and interpretation. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MA.
- 2011. Census (N C) and genetically effective (N e) population size in a lake-resident population of brown trout Salmo trutta . J. Fish Biol. 79:2074–2082. , , , , and .
- 2006. Estimating effective population size from linkage disequilibrium: severe bias in small samples. Conserv. Genet. 7:303–308. , , , , and .
- 1971. Inbreeding and variance effective numbers in populations with overlapping generations. Genetics 68:581–597. .
- 1995. Effective population size adult population size ratios in wildlife – a review. Genet. Res. 66:95–107.
- 2010. Challenges and opportunities of genetic approaches to biological conservation. Biol. Conserv. 143:1919–1927.
- 2003. Introduction to conservation genetics. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, U.K. , , and .
- 1980. Evolutionary change in small populations. Pp. 135–150 in M. E. Soule and B. Wilcox , eds. Conservation biology: an evolutionary-ecological perspective. Sinauer, Sunderland.
- 2007a. Comparative estimation of effective population sizes and temporal gene flow in two contrasting population systems. Mol. Ecol. 16:3866–3889. , , , , , and .
- 2007b. Loss of historical immigration and the unsuccessful rehabilitation of extirpated salmon populations. Conserv. Genet. 8:527–546. , , , and .
- 1999. Effect of life history strategy, environmental variability, and overexploitation on the genetic diversity of pelagic fish populations. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 56:1376–1388. , and .
- 2002. Loss of microsatellite diversity and low effective population size in an overexploited population of New Zealand snapper (Pagrus auratus). Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 99:11742–11747. , , , , and .
- 2009. In situ population structure and ex situ representation of the Amur tiger. Mol. Ecol. 18:3173–3184. , , , , , and .
- 1981. Estimation of effective population size from data on linkage disequilibrium. Genet. Res. 38:209–216.
- 2001. The annual number of breeding adults and the effective population size of syntopic newts (Triturus cristatus, T-marmoratus). Mol. Ecol. 10:839–850. , , , , and .
- 2005. Contemporary gene flow and the spatio-temporal genetic structure of subdivided newt populations (Triturus cristatus, T. marmoratus). J. Evol. Biol. 18:619–628. , , and .
- 2004. Temporal changes in allele frequencies and low effective population size in greater prairie-chickens. Mol. Ecol. 13:2617–2630. , , , and .
- 2012. Allele frequency covariance among cohorts and its use in estimating effective size of age-structured populations. Mol. Ecol. Resour. 12:476–480.
- 1995. Temporal allele frequency change and estimation of effective size in populations with overlapping generations. Genetics 139:1077–1090. , and .
- 2007. Unbiased estimator for genetic drift and effective population size. Genetics 177:927–935. , and .
- 2002. Relationship of effective to census size in fluctuating populations. Conserv. Biol. 16:129–136. , and .
- 2005. Genetic approaches for estimating the effective size of populations. J. Wildlife Manage. 69:1385–1399.
- 2011. The influence of persistent individual differences and age at maturity on effective population size. Proc. Roy. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 278:3303–3312. , , and .
- 2010. Estimation of census and effective population sizes: the increasing usefulness of DNA-based approaches. Conserv. Genet. 11:355–373. , , , , and .
- 1997. The critical effective size for a genetically secure population. Anim. Conserv. 1:70–72. , and .
- 2003. The history of effective population size and genetic diversity in the Yellowstone grizzly (Ursus arctos): implications for conservation. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 100:4334–4339. , and .
- 2012. Past and present processes influencing genetic diversity and effective population size in a natural population of Atlantic sturgeon. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 141:56–67. , , and .
- 1997. Increased probability of extinction due to decreased genetic effective population size: experimental populations of Clarkia pulchella . Evolution 51:354–362. , and .
- 1993. The influence of mating system and overlapping generations on effective population size. Evolution 47:1329–1341.
- 1995. Measuring the ratio of effective population size to adult numbers using genetic and ecological data. Evolution 49:389–393.
- 1996. The influence of variation in female fecundity on effective population size. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 59:411–425.
- 1994. Estimating the effective population size of conserved populations. Conserv. Biol. 8:175–184. , and .
- 1992. A note on the delta method. Am Statistician 46:27–29.
- 2008. Genetic estimates of contemporary effective population size: what can they tell us about the importance of genetic stochasticity for wild population persistence? Mol. Ecol. 17:3428–3447. , and .
- 2009. Age structure, changing demography and effective population size in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) . Genetics 182:1233–1249. , , and .
- 1990. Statistical inference for capture-recapture experiments. Wildlife Monogr 107:1–97. , , , and .
- 2010. Spatio-temporal population structuring and genetic diversity retention in depleted Atlantic Bluefin tuna of the Mediterranean Sea. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 107:2102–2107. , , , , , , et al.
- 1975. Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Bull. Fish. Res. Board. Can. 191, 382 pp.
- 1982. The estimation of animal abundance and related parameters. Blackburn Press, Caldwell, New Jersey.
- 2003. Census vs. effective population size in chinook salmon: large- and small-scale environmental perturbation effects. Mol. Ecol. 12:2571–2583. , and .
- 1987. Viable populations for conservation. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, U.K.
- 2008. ONeSAMP: a program to estimate effective population size using approximate Bayesian computation. Mol. Ecol. Resour. 8:299–301. , , , and .
- 2010. Large effective population size and temporal genetic stability in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) in the southern Gulf of St. Lawrence. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 67:1585–1595. , , , and .
- 2002. Genetic effective size is three orders of magnitude smaller than adult census size in an abundant, estuarine-dependent marine fish (Sciaenops ocellatus). Genetics 162:1329–1339. , , and .
- 1997. Fluctuating population size and the ratio of effective to census population size. Evolution 51:2017–2021. , , and .
- 2005. Estimation of effective population sizes from data on genetic markers. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. B Biol. Sci. 360:1395–1409.
- 2009. A new method for estimating effective population sizes from a single sample of multilocus genotypes. Mol. Ecol. 18:2148–2164.
- 2003. Estimating effective population size and migration rates from genetic samples over space and time. Genetics 163:429–446. , and .
- 1989. A generalized approach for estimating effective population size from temporal changes in allele frequency. Genetics 121:379–391.
- 1990. Conservation genetics of pacific salmon. II. Effective population size and the rate of loss of genetic variability. J. Hered. 81:267–276. .
- 2002. Effective size of fluctuating salmon populations. Genetics 161:783–791.
- 2005. Genetic estimates of contemporary effective population size: to what time periods do the estimates apply? Mol. Ecol. 14:3335–3352.
- 2008. LDNE: a program for estimating effective population size from data on linkage disequilibrium. Mol. Ecol. Resour. 8:753–756. , and .
- 2010. Linkage disequilibrium estimates of contemporary Ne using highly variable genetic markers: a largely untapped resource for applied conservation and evolution. Evol. Appl. 3:244–262. , and .
- 1990. Conservation genetics of pacific salmon I. Temporal changes in allele frequency. Conserv. Biol. 4:144–156. , and
- 2007. Temporal estimates of effective population size in species with overlapping generations. Genetics 175:219–233. , and .
- 2010. Eco-evolutionary dynamics: fluctuations in population growth rate reduce effective population size in chinook salmon. Ecology 91:902–914. , , and .
- 2011. Calculating Ne and Ne/N in age structured populations: a hybrid Felsenstein-Hill approach. Ecology 92:1513–1522. , , and .
- 2007. Effective population sizes and migration rates in fragmented populations of an endangered insect (Coenagrion mercuriale: Odonata). J. Anim. Ecol. 76:737–751. , , , and .
- 1931. Evolution in Mendelian populations. Genetics 16:97–159. .
- 1938. Size of a population and breeding structure in relation to evolution. Science 87:430–431. .
- 2011. Genetic differences between the two remaining wild populations of the endangered Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicomis). Biol. Conserv. 144:2702–2709. , , , and .