SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Bandelt, H. J., P. Forster, and A. Röhl. 1999. Median-joining networks for inferring intraspecific phylogenies. Mol. Biol. Evol. 16:3748.
  • Beck, A., T. Kasalicky, and G. Rambold. 2002. Myco-photobiontal selection in a Mediterranean cryptogam community with Fulgensia fulgida. New Phytol. 153:317326.
  • Blaha, J., E. Baloch, and M. Grube. 2006. High photobiont diversity associated with the euryoecious lichen-forming ascomycete Lecanora rupicola (Lecanora, Ascomycota). Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 88:283293.
  • Burgaz, A. R., and I. Martínez. 1999. The genus Nephroma Ach. in the Iberian Peninsula. Cryptogam., Mycol. 20:225235.
  • Cech, T. R., S. H. Damberger, and R. R. Gutell. 1994. Representation of the secondary and tertiary structure of group I introns. Nat. Struct. Biol. 1:273280.
  • Coppins, A. M., and B. J. Coppins. 2002. Indices of Ecological Continuity for Woodland Epiphytic Lichen Habitats in the British Isles. British Lichen Society, London, UK.
  • Costa, J. L., P. Paulsrud, and P. Lindblad. 2002. The cyanobacterial tRNALeu (UAA) intron: evolutionary patterns in a genetic marker. Mol. Biol. Evol. 19:850857.
  • Crespo, A., and H. T. Lumbsch. 2010. Cryptic species in lichen-forming fungi. IMA Fungus 1:167170.
  • Elvebakk, A., D. Papaefthimiou, E. H. Robertsen, and A. Liaimer. 2008. Phylogenetic patterns among Nostoc cyanobionts within bi- and tripartite lichens of the genus Pannaria. J. Phycol. 44:10491059.
  • Esslinger, T. L. 2011. A cumulative checklist for the lichen-forming, lichenicolous and allied fungi of the continental United States and Canada. North Dakota State University, Fargo, North Dakota. Available from http://www.ndsu.edu/pubweb/~esslinge/chcklst/chcklst7.htm.
  • Fedrowitz, K., U. Kaasalainen, and J. Rikkinen. 2011. Genotype variability of Nostoc symbionts associated with three epiphytic Nephroma species in a boreal forest landscape. Bryologist 114:220230.
  • Fernández-Mendoza, F., S. Domaschke, M. A. García, P. Jordan, M. P. Martín, and C. Printzen. 2011. Population structure of mycobionts and photobionts of the widespread lichen Cetraria aculeata. Mol. Ecol. 20:12081232.
  • Grube, M., and S. Kroken. 2000. Molecular approaches and the concept of species and species complexes in lichenized fungi. Mycol. Res. 104:12841294.
  • Hall, T. A. 1999. BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. Nucleic Acids Symp. Ser. 41:9598.
  • Hausner, G., and X. Wang. 2005. Unusual compact rDNA gene arrangements within some members of the Ascomycota: evidence for molecular co-evolution between ITS1 and ITS2. Genome 48:648660.
  • Heinrichs, J., H.-P. Kreier, K. Feldberg, A. R. Schmidt, R.-L. Zhu, and B. Shaw, et al. 2011. Formalizing morphologically cryptic biological entities: New insights from DNA taxonomy, hybridization, and biogeography in the leafy liverwort Porella platyphylla (Jungermanniopsida, Porellales). Am. J. Bot. 98:12521262.
  • Huelsenbeck, J. P., and F. Ronquist. 2001. MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees. Bioinformatics 17:754755.
  • James, P. W., and F. J. White. 1987. Studies on the genus Nephroma I. The European and Macaronesian species. The Lichenologist 19:215268.
  • Kaasalainen, U., D. P. Fewer, J. Jokela, M. Wahlsten, K. Sivonen, and J. Rikkinen. 2012. Cyanobacteria produce a high variety of hepatotoxic peptides in lichen symbiosis. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109:58865891.
  • Kuusinen, M. 1996. Cyanobacterial macrolichens on Populus tremula as indicators of forest continuity in Finland. Biol. Conserv. 75:4349.
  • Librado, P., and J. Rozas. 2009. DnaSP v5: a software for comprehensive analysis of DNA polymorphism data. Bioinformatics 25:14511452.
  • Lohtander, K., I. Oksanen, and J. Rikkinen. 2002. A phylogenetic study of Nephroma (lichen-forming Ascomycota). Mycol. Res. 106:777787.
  • Lohtander, K., I. Oksanen, and J. Rikkinen. 2003. Genetic diversity of green algal and cyanobacterial photobionts in Nephroma (Peltigerales). Lichenologist 35:325339.
  • Lücking, R., J. D. Lawrey, M. Sikaroodi, P. M. Gillevet, J. L. Chaves, and H. J. M. Sipman, et al. 2009. Do lichens domesticate photobionts like farmers domesticate crops? Evidence from a previously unrecognized lineage of filamentous cyanobacteria. Am. J. Bot. 96:14091418.
  • Muggia, L., M. Grube, and M. Tretiach. 2008. Genetic diversity and photobiont associations in selected taxa of the Tephromela atra group (Lecanorales, lichenised Ascomycota). Mycol. Prog. 7:147160.
  • Müller, K., D. Quandt, J. Müller, and C. Neinhuis. 2005. PhyDE® 0.995: Phylogenetic Data Editor. Available at http://www.pyde.de.
  • Myllys, L., S. Stenroos, A. Thell, and M. Kuusinen. 2007. High cyanobiont selectivity of epiphytic lichens in old growth boreal forest of Finland. New Phytol. 173:621629.
  • Nitare, J., ed. 2000. Indicator species for assessing the nature conservation value of woodland sites: a flora of selected cryptogams. Skogsstyrelsen Förlag, Jönköping, Sweden.
  • O'Brien, H. E., J. Miadlikowska, and F. Lutzoni. 2005. Assessing host specialization in symbiotic cyanobacteria associated with four closely related species of the lichen fungus Peltigera. Eur. J. Phycol. 40:363378.
  • Olsson, S., U. Kaasalainen, and J. Rikkinen. 2012. Reconstruction of structural evolution in the trnL intron P6b loop of symbiotic Nostoc (Cyanobacteria). Curr. Genet. 58:4958.
  • Otálora, M. A., I. Martínez, H. O'Brien, M. C. Molina, G. Aragón, and F. Lutzoni. 2010. Multiple origins of high reciprocal symbiotic specificity at an intercontinental spatial scale among gelatinous lichens (Collemataceae, Lecanoromycetes). Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 56:10891095.
  • Paulsrud, P., and P. Lindblad. 1998. Sequence variation of the tRNALeu intron as a marker for genetic diversity and specificity of symbiotic cyanobacteria in some lichens. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 64:310315.
  • Paulsrud, P., J. Rikkinen, and P. Lindblad. 1998. Cyanobiont specificity in some Nostoc-containing lichens and in a Peltigera aphthosa photosymbiodeme. New Phytol. 139:517524.
  • Paulsrud, P., J. Rikkinen, and P. Lindblad. 2000. Spatial patterns of photobiont diversity in some Nostoc-containing lichens. New Phytol. 146:291299.
  • Paulsrud, P., J. Rikkinen, and P. Lindblad. 2001. Field investigations on cyanobacterial specificity in Peltigera aphthosa. New Phytol. 152:117123.
  • Peksa, O., and P. Škaloud. 2011. Do photobionts influence the ecology of lichens? A case study of environmental preferences in symbiotic green alga Asterochloris (Trebouxiophyceae). Mol. Ecol. 20:39363948.
  • Piercey-Normore, M. D., and C. Deduke. 2011. Fungal farmers or algal escorts: lichen adaptation from the algal perspective. Mol. Ecol. 20:37083710.
  • Piercey-Normore, M. D., and P. T. DePriest. 2001. Algal switching among lichen symbioses. Am. J. Bot. 88:14901498.
  • Piercey-Normore, M. D., D. Coxson, T. Goward, and B. Goffinet. 2006. Phylogenetic position of a Pacific Northwest North American endemic cyanolichen, Nephroma occultum (Ascomycota, Peltigerales). Lichenologist 38:441456.
  • Posada, D. 2008. jModelTest: phylogenetic model averaging. Mol. Biol. Evol. 25:12531256.
  • Rambaut, A. 2006. FigTree. Available at http://tree.bio.ed.ac.uk/software/figtree/.
  • Rikkinen, J. 1995. What's behind the pretty colours? A study on the phytobiology of lichens. Bryobrothera 4:1239.
  • Rikkinen, J. 2003. Ecological and evolutionary role of photobiont-mediated guilds in lichens. Symbiosis 34:99110.
  • Rikkinen, J. 2004. Ordination analysis of tRNALeu (UAA) intron sequences in lichen-forming Nostoc strains and other cyanobacteria. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 34:377391.
  • Rikkinen, J., I. Oksanen, and K. Lohtander. 2002. Lichen guilds share related cyanobacterial symbionts. Science 297:357.
  • Rose, F. 1976. Lichenological indicators of age and environmental continuity in woodlands. Pp. 279307 in D. H. Brown, D. L. Hawksworth, and R. H. Bailey, eds. Lichenology: progress and problems. Academic Press, London, UK.
  • Rose, F. 1988. Phytogeographical and ecological aspects of Lobarion communities in Europe. Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 96:6979.
  • Schoch, C. L., K. A. Seifert, S. Huhndorf, V. Robert, J. L. Spouge, and C. A. Levesque, et al. 2012. Nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region as a universal DNA barcode marker for Fungi. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 109:62416246.
  • Sérusiaux, E., A. J. C. Villarreal, T. Wheeler, and B. Goffinet. 2011. Recent origin, active speciation and dispersal for the lichen genus Nephroma (Peltigerales) in Macaronesia. J. Biogeogr. 38:11381151.
  • Smith, C. W., A. Aptroot, B. J. Coppins, A. Fletcher, O. L. Gilbert, and P. W. James, et al. (Eds.) 2009. The Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland. The British Lichen Society, London, UK.
  • Stenroos, S., F. Högnabba, L. Myllys, J. Hyvönen, and A. Thell. 2006. High selectivity in symbiotic associations of lichenized ascomycetes and cyanobacteria. Cladistics 22:230238.
  • Summerfield, T. C., and J. J. Eaton-Rye. 2006. Pseudocyphellaria crocata, P. neglecta and P. perpetua from the Northern and Southern Hemispheres are a phylogenetic species and share cyanobionts. New Phytol. 170:597607.
  • Thompson, J. 2005. The geographic mosaic of coevolution. The University of Chicago Press, London, UK.
  • Tønsberg, T., and J. Holtan-Hartwig. 1983. Phycotype pairs in Nephroma, Peltigera and Lobaria in Norway. Nord. J. Bot. 3:681688.
  • Tschermak-Woess, E. 1988. The algal partner. Pp. 3994 in M. Galun, ed. Handbook of Lichenology, CRC Press, Inc., Florida, USA.
  • Vitikainen, O. 2007. Nephromataceae. Pp. 9195. in T. Ahti, P. M. Jørgensen, H. Kristinsson, R. Moberg, U. Søchting, G. Thor, eds. Nordic Lichen Flora 3. Cyanolichens. Nordic Lichen Society, Uddevalla, Sweden.
  • White, F. J., and P. W. James. 1988. Studies on the Genus Nephroma II. The Southern Temperate Species. Lichenologist 20:103166.
  • White, T. J., T. Bruns, S. Lee, and J. Taylor. 1990. Amplification and direct sequencing of fungal ribosomal RNA genes for phylogenetics. Pp. 315322 in M. A. Innis, D. H. Gelfand, J. J. Sninsky, and T. J. White, eds. PCR protocols: a guide to methods and applications. Academic Press, San Diego, USA.
  • Wirtz, N., H. T. Lumbsch, T. G. A. Green, R. Türk, A. Pintado, and L. Sancho, et al. 2003. Lichen fungi have low cyanobiont selectivity in maritime Antarctica. New Phytol. 160:177183.
  • Yahr, R., R. Vilgalys, and P. T. DePriest. 2006. Geographic variation in algal partners of Cladonia subtenuis (Cladoniaceae) highlights the dynamic nature of a lichen symbiosis. New Phytol. 171:847860.
  • Zadeh, N., C. D. Steenberg, J. S. Bois, B. R. Wolfe, M. B. Pierce, A. R. Khan, et al. 2011. NUPACK: analysis and design of nucleic acid systems. J. Comput. Chem. 32:170173.
  • Zwickl, D. J.. 2006. Genetic algorithm approaches for the phylogenetic analysis of large biological sequence datasets under the maximum likelihood criterion. Ph.D. diss., The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, USA.