Adaptive responses and invasion: the role of plasticity and evolution in snail shell morphology
Version of Record online: 17 JAN 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ecology and Evolution
Volume 3, Issue 2, pages 424–436, February 2013
How to Cite
Ecology and Evolution 2013; 3(2): 424–436
- Issue online: 14 FEB 2013
- Version of Record online: 17 JAN 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 4 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Received: 24 SEP 2012
- 2004. Incipient speciation driven by phenotypic plasticity? Evidence from sympatric populations of Arctic charr. Biol. J. Linn. Soc. 84:611–618. and .
- 2001. Phenotypic plasticity in the interactions and evolution of species. Science 294:321–326.
- 1965. Characteristics and modes of origin of weeds. Pp. 147–168 in H. G. Baker and G. L. Stebbins, eds. The Genetics of Colonizing Species. Academic Press, New York, NY.
- 2005. Adaptation during biological invasions and the case of Adelges tsuga. Evol. Ecol. Res. 7:887–900. , , and .
- 2011. Adaptation to marginal habitats by evolution of increased phenotypic plasticity. J. Evol. Biol. 24:1462–1467. , and .
- 2008. Modifying effects of phenotypic plasticity on interactions among natural selection, adaptation and gene flow. J. Evol. Biol. 21:1460–1469.
- 2000. Hydrodynamics, shell shape, behavior, and survivorship in the owl limpet Lottia gigantean. J. Exp. Biol. 203:2623–2639. , and .
- 2010. Invasive genotypes are opportunistic specialists not general purpose genotypes. Evol. Appl. 4:132–143. , , and .
- 1987. Effects of water flow on the detachment of some aquatic pulmonate gastropods. Am. Malacol. Bull. 5:65–72.
- 2011. The absence of genotypic diversity in a successful parthenogenetic invader. Biol. Invasions 13:1663–1672. , and .
- 2005. Adaptation vs. Phenotypic plasticity in the success of a clonal invader. Ecology 86:1592–1601. , and .
- 1995. Diverse, endemic and polyphyletic clones in mixed populations of a freshwater snail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum). J. Evol. Biol. 8:385–398. , and .
- 2006. Review: The evolutionary consequences of ecological interactions mediated through phenotypic plasticity. J. Exp. Biol. 209:2377–2383.
- 2007. Adaptive versus non-adaptive phenotypic plasticity and the potential for contemporary adaptation in new environments. Funct. Ecol. 21:394–407. , , , and .
- 2004. Plastic and genetic variation in wing loading as a function of temperature within and among parallel clines in Drosophila subobscura. Integr. Comp. Biol. 44:461–470. , and .
- 2003. Clinal variation in shell morphology of the freshwater gastropod Potamopyrgus antipodarum along two hill-country streams in New Zealand. J. R. Soc. N. Z. 33:549–560. .
- 2003. Exotic snails dominate nitrogen and carbon cycling in a highly productive stream. Front. Ecol. Environ. 1:407–411. , , and .
- 2006. Extremely high secondary production of introduced snails in rivers. Ecol. Appl. 16:1121–1131. , , and .
- 1992. Clonal structure of the introduced freshwater snail NZ mudsnail (Prosobranchia: Hydrobiidae), as revealed by DNA fingerprinting. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 249:19–25. , , , and .
- 2010. Microsatellite evidence of invasion and rapid spread of divergent New Zealand mudsnail (Potamopyrgus antipodarum) clones in the Snake River basin, Idaho, USA. Biol. Invasions 12:1521–1532. , , and .
- 2006. Habitat-specific variation and performance trade-offs in shell armature of New Zealand Mudsnails. Ecology 87:1038–1047. , and .
- 1997. Clonal variation in life–history traits and feeding rates in the gastropod, Potamopyrgus antipodarum: performance across a salinity gradient. Funct. Ecol. 11:260–267. , and .
- 1983. Multivariate morphometric analysis of two varieties of Littorina saxatilis from the Swedish west coast. Mar. Biol. 32:9–15. , and .
- 1984. Snail shapes and growth rates: evidence for plastic shell allometry in Littorina littorea. P Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 81:811–813. and .
- 2005. Macroinvertebrate assemblages and the New Zealand mud snail, a recent invader to streams of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. J. N. Am. Benthol. Soc. 24:123–138. , , , and .
- 1998. Evolutionary analyses of morphological and physiological plasticity in thermally variable environments. Integr. Comp. Biol. 38:545–560. , and .
- 2004. Genetic variation increases during biological invasion by a Cuban lizard. Nature 431:177–181. , , , , , and .
- 2009. Adaptation to an extraordinary environment by evolution of phenotypic plasticity and genetic assimilation. J. Evol. Biol. 22:1435–1446.
- 2002. Evolutionary genetics of invasive species. Trends Ecol. Evol. 117:386–391.
- 2008. Evolutionary origins of invasive populations. Evol. Appl. 1:1752–4571. , and .
- 2003. Evolution of physiological tolerance and performance during freshwater invasion events. Integr. Comp. Biol. 43:439–449. , , and .
- 2003. Invasive California poppies (Eschscholzia californica Cham.) grow larger than native individuals under reduced competition. Ecol. Lett. 6:257–264. , and .
- 2000. Biotic Invasions: causes, epidemiology, global consequences, and control. Ecol. Appl. 10:689–710. , , , , , and .
- 2002. Photosynthetic characteristics of invasive and non-invasive species of Rubus (Rosaceae). Am. J. Bot. 89:1431–1438. , and .
- 2001. Life history variation, phenotypic plasticity, and subpopulation structure in a freshwater snail. Ecology 82:2805–2815. , and .
- 2003. An evolutionary approach to understanding the biology of invasions: local adaptation and general-purpose genotypes in the weed Verbascum thapsus. Conserv. Biol. 17:59–72. , , and .
- 1988. NZ mudsnail, a Molluscan colonizer of Europe and Australia. J. Mollus. Stud. 54:271–286.
- 2008. Adaptive evolution in invasive species. Trends Plant Sci. 13:288–294. , , , , and .
- 2001. The population ecology of contemporary adaptations: what empirical studies reveal about the conditions that promote adaptive evolution. Genetica 112–113:183–198. , and .
- 2006. Jack of all Trades, master of some? On the role of phenotypic plasticity in plant invasions. Ecol. Lett. 9:981–993. , , , , and .
- 1997. TPSDIG. Department of Ecology and Evolution, State University of New York, Stony Book (available from life.Bio.SunnySB.edu/MORPHMET).
- 1997. Maintenance of a cline in the marine snail Littorina Saxatilis: the role of home population advantage and hybrid fitness. Evolution 51:1838–1847. , , and .
- 2010. Disentangling true shape differences and experimenter bias: are dextral and sinistral snail shells exact mirror images. J. Zool. 282:191–200. , and .
- 1999. Greater morphological plasticity of exotic honeysuckle species may make them better invaders than native species. J. Torrey Bot. Soc. 126:15–23. , and .
- 2004. IMP Software. Dept. of Physics, Canisius College, Buffalo, NY, 14208, Dept. of Geology, SUNY at Buffalo, Buffalo NY 14260 (available from http://www.canisius.edu/~sheets/morphosoft.htm).
- 1989. Morphological adaptation of shape to flow: microcurrents around lotic macroinvertebrates with known Reynolds numbers at quasi-natural flow condition. Oecologia 78:145–157. , and .
- 1989. The evolutionary significance of phenotypic plasticity. Bioscience 7:436–445.
- 1968. Selection mechanisms associated with intraspecific snail variation in Littorina picta (Prosobranchia: Mesgastropoda). Evolution 22:459–480.
- 1970. Distribution of Green River fish in Utah and Colorado following closure of Flaming Gorge Dam. Southwest. Nat. 14:297–315.
- 1995. A Natural History of Shells. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ. 232 pp.
- 1992. Parthenogenesis, sex, and chromosomes in Potamopyrgus. J. Mollus. Stud. 58:93–107.
- 2005. Mechanisms that drive evolutionary change: Insights from species introductions and invasions. Pp. 201–228 in D. F. Sax, S. D. Gaines and J. J. Stachowicz, eds. Species Invasions: Insights into Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography. Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA. , , and .
- 2004. Adaptive plasticity and the successful colonization of a novel environment. Am. Nat. 164:531–542. , and .
- 2004. Geometric Morphometrics for Biologists: A Primer. Elseiver Academic Press, New York, NY. 437 pp. , , , and .