Aluminum (Al) toxicity is a major factor limiting plant growth in acid soils. Elevated atmospheric CO2 [CO2] enhances plant growth. However, there is no report on the effect of elevated [CO2] on growth of plant genotypes differing in Al tolerance grown in acid soils. We investigated the effect of short-term elevated [CO2] on growth of Al-tolerant (ET8) and Al-sensitive (ES8) wheat plants and malate exudation from root apices by growing them in acid soils under ambient [CO2] and elevated [CO2] using open-top chambers. Exposure of ET8 plants to elevated [CO2] enhanced root biomass only. In contrast, shoot biomass of ES8 was enhanced by elevated [CO2]. Given that exudation of malate to detoxify apoplastic Al is a mechanism for Al tolerance in wheat plants, ET8 plants exuded greater amounts of malate from root apices than ES8 plants under both ambient and elevated [CO2]. These results indicate that elevated [CO2] has no effect on malate exudation in both ET8 and ES8 plants. These novel findings have important implications for our understanding how plants respond to elevated [CO2] grown in unfavorable edaphic conditions in general and in acid soils in particular.