Coevolutionary analyses of the relationships between piroplasmids and their hard tick hosts
Article first published online: 30 JUL 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Ecology and Evolution
Volume 3, Issue 9, pages 2985–2993, September 2013
How to Cite
Ecology and Evolution 2013; 3(9): 2985–2993
- Issue published online: 8 SEP 2013
- Article first published online: 30 JUL 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 3 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 2 JUN 2013
- Manuscript Received: 12 APR 2013
- NSFC. Grant Numbers: 30972182, 31072130, 31001061
- Key Project of Gansu Province. Grant Numbers: 1002NKDA035, 0801NKDA033
- Sino-Europe Cooperation. Grant Number: SKLVEB2008ZZKT019
- EPIZONE. Grant Number: FOOD-CT-2006-016236
- ASFRISK. Grant Number: 211691
- ARBOZOONET. Grant Number: 211757
- PIROVAC. Grant Number: KBBE-3-245145
- European Commission
- COI ;
- hard tick;
Host–parasite coevolution is a key driver of biological diversity. To examine the evolutionary relationships between piroplasmids and their hard tick hosts, we calculated the molecular clock and conducted phylogenetic analyses of both groups. Based on our results, we conclude that the divergence time of piroplasmids (~56 Mya) is later than divergence time of their hard tick hosts (~86 Mya). From analyses of the evolution of both piroplasmid and vector lineages and their association, we know that hard ticks transmit piroplasmids with high genus specificity and low species specificity.