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ece3691-sup-0001-AppendixS1.docxWord document14KAppendix S1. Studies evaluating the contribution of NCEs of predators to emergent MPEs.
ece3691-sup-0002-AppendixS2.docWord document32KAppendix S2. Supplementary methods.
ece3691-sup-0003-AppendixS3.docWord document40KAppendix S3. Original ANOVA results from planned contrasts testing the eight hypotheses pertaining to the impact of predators on the instantaneous mortality rates of Bufo terrestris. P-values have not been adjusted. The degrees of freedom for contrasts are 136 in all cases. Ho refers to the null hypothesis being tested by the contrast. µa represents the mortality risk (CE) imposed by Anax, µn represents the mortality risk (CE) imposed by newts, µn represents the background mortality rate in the absence of predators, j represents the extent to which the NCE of Anax alters the CE of newts, and p represents the extent to which the NCE of newts alters the CE of Anax.

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