SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Anderson, R. S., and T. R. Van Devender. 1991. Comparison of pollen and macrofossils in packrat middens: a chronological sequence from the Waterman Mountains of southern Arizona, USA. Rev. Palaeobot. Palynol. 68:128.
  • Barnett, T. P., D. W. Piece, H. G. Hidalgo, C. Bonfils, B. D. Santer, T. Das, et al. 2008. Human-induced changes in the hydrology of the western United States. Science 319:10801083.
  • Betancourt, J. L., T. R. Van Devender, and P. S. Martin (eds). 1990. Packrat Middens. The last 40,000 years of biotic change. Univ. of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ.
  • Betancourt, J. L., W. S. Schuster, J. B. Mitton, and R. S. Anderson. 1991. Fossil and genetic history of a pinyon pine (Pinus edulis) isolate. Ecology 72:16851697.
  • Bezy, J. V. 2004. A Guide to the geology of Sabino Canyon and the Catalina highway. Down-to-Earth Series, No. 17. Arizona Geological Survey, Tucson, AZ.
  • Bonfils, C., B. D. Santer, D. W. Pierce, H. G. Hidalgo, G. Bala, T. Das, et al. 2008. Detection and attribution of temperature changes in the mountainous western United States. J. Clim. 21:64046424.
  • Bowers, J. E., and S. P. McLaughlin. 1996. Flora of the Huachuca Mountains, a botanically rich and historically significant sky island in Cochise County. Arizona. J. Ariz-Nev. Acad. Sci. 29:66107.
  • Breshears, D. D., N. S. Cobb, P. M. Rich, K. P. Price, C. D. Allen, R. G. Balice, et al. 2005. Regional vegetation die-off in response to global-change-type drought. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 102:1514415148.
  • Breshears, D. D., T. E. Huxman, H. D. Adams, C. B. Zou, and J. E. Davison. 2008. Vegetation synchronously leans upslope as climate warms. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 105:1159111592.
  • Brusca, R. C., and W. Moore. 2013. A Natural History of the Santa Catalina Mountains, with an introduction to the Sky Island region. Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum Press, Tucson, AZ. 232 pp.
  • Cannone, N., S. Sgorbati, and M. Guglielmin. 2007. Unexpected impacts of climate change on Alpine vegetation. Front. Ecol. Environ. 5:360364.
  • Chen, I.-C., H. J. Shiu, S. Benedick, J. D. Holloway, V. K. Chey, H. S. Barlow, et al. 2009. Elevation increases in moth assemblages over 42 years on a tropical mountain. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. 106:14791483.
  • Chen, I.-C., J. K. Hill, R. Ohlemüller, D. B. Roy, and C. D. Thomas. 2011. Rapid range shifts of species associated with high levels of climate warming. Science 333:10241026.
  • CLIMAS Project (University of Arizona). 2007. Global warming in the Southwest. An overview. Available at http://www.climas.arizona.edu/feature-articles/April-2007. (accessed 15 November 2012).
  • CLIMAS Project (University of Arizona). 2012. Available at http://www.climas.arizona.edu/projects/southwest-climate-outlook. (accessed 15 November 2012).
  • Climsmaz. 2012. Available at www.wrcc.dri.edu/summary/Climsmaz.html (accessed 15 November 2012).
  • Cook, B. I., and R. Seager. 2013. The response of the North American Monsoon to increased greenhouse gas forcing. J. Geophys. Res. 118:16901699.
  • Crimmins, T. M., M. A. Crimmins, and D. Bertelsen. 2009. Flowering range changes across an elevation gradient in response to warming summer temperatures. Glob. Change Biol. 15:11411152.
  • Crimmins, T. M., M. A. Crimmins, and D. Bertelsen. 2010. Complex responses to climate drivers in onset of spring flowering across a semi-arid elevation gradient. J. Ecol. 98:10421051.
  • Crimmins, T. A., M. A. Crimmins, and D. Bertelsen. 2011. Onset of summer flowering in a ‘Sky Island’ is driven by monsoon moisture. New Phytol. 191:468479.
  • Crittenden, M. D. Jr, P. J. Coney, and G. H. Davis (eds.). 1980. Cordilleran metamorphic core complexes. Geol. Soc. Am. Mem. 153, 490 pp. Geological Society of America.
  • Davis, O. K. 1995. Climate and vegetation patterns in surface samples from arid western USA: application to Holocene climatic reconstructions. Palynology 19:95117.
  • Davis, O. K. 1999. Pollen and other microfossils in Pleistocene speleotherms, Kartchner Caverns, Arizona. J. Cave Karst Stud. 61:8992.
  • Diffenbaugh, N. S., and F. Giorgi. 2012. Climate change hotspots in the CMIP5 global climate model ensemble. Clim. Change 114:813822.
  • Dominguez, F., E. Rivera, D. P. Lettenmaier, and C. L. Castro. 2012. Changes in winter precipitation extremes for the western United States under a warmer climate as simulated by regional climate models. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39:05803. doi:10:1029/2011GL050762.
  • Engler, R., C. F. Randin, W. Thuiller, S. Dullinger, N. E. Zimmermann, M. B. Araujo, et al. 2011. 21st century climate change threatens mountain flora unequally across Europe. Glob. Change Biol. 17:23302341.
  • Fellows, A. W., and M. L. Goulden. 2012. Rapid vegetation redistribution in Southern California during the early 2000s drought. J. Geophys. Res. 117:G03025. doi:10.1029/2012JG002044.
  • Fleishman, E., J. Belnap, N. Cobb, C. Enquist, K. Ford, G. MacDonald, et al. 2013. Natural Ecosystems. Pp. 148167 in G. Garfin, A. Jardine, R. Merideth, M. Black and S. LeRoy, eds. Assessment of climate change in the Southwest United States. A report prepared for the national climate assessment by the southwest climate alliance. Island Press, Washington, DC.
  • Garfin, G., A. Jardine, R. Merideth, M. Black, and S. LeRoy, eds. 2013. Assessment of climate change in the Southwest United States. A report prepared for the national climate assessment by the southwest climate alliance. Island Press, Washington, DC.
  • Gehrels, G. E., and J. E. Spencer, eds. 1990. Geologic excursions through the Sonoran Desert Region, Arizona and Sonora. Arizona Geological Survey Special Paper, 7.
  • Grabherr, G., M. Gottfried, and H. Pauli. 1994. Climate effects on mountain plants. Nature, 369:448.
  • Grabherr, G., M. Gottfried, and H. Pauli. 2001. Long-term monitoring of mountain peaks in the Alps. Pp. 153177 in C. A. Burga and A. Kratochwil, Biomonitoring: general and applied aspects on regional and global scales. Ecological Studies, 13. Kluwer Academic Publishers, London, U.K.
  • Gutzler, D. S., and T. O. Robbins. 2010. Climate variability and projected change in the western United States: regional downscaling and drought statistics. Clim. Dyn. 34:835849.
  • Harrison, S., E. I. Damschen, and J. B. Grace. 2010. Ecological contingency in the effects of climatic warming on forest herb communities. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 107:1936219367.
  • Hayhoe, K., D. Cayan, C. B. Field, P. C. Frumhoff, E. P. Maurer, N. L. Miller, et al. 2004. Emissions pathways, climate change, and impacts on California. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 101:1242212427.
  • Heald, W. F. 1951. Sky Islands of Arizona. Nat. Hist. 60:9596.
  • Holmgren, C. A., M. C. Peñalba, K. A. Rylander, and J. L. Betancourt. 2003. A 16,000 14C yr BP packrat midden series from the U.S.A.-Mexico borderlands. Quatern. Res. 60:319329.
  • Holmgren, C. A., J. L. Betancourt, and K. A. Rylander. 2011. Vegetation history along the eastern, desert escarpment of the Sierra San Pedro Mártir, Baja California, Mexico. Quatern. Res. 75:647657.
  • IPPC-Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. 2007. Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Contribution of Working Group II to the Fourth Assessment Report of the IPCC. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, U.K.
  • Keeler-Wolf, T. 2007. The history of vegetation classification and mapping in California. Pp. 142 in M. G. Barbour, T. Keeler-Wolf and A. A. Schoenherr, eds. Terrestrial vegetation of California, 3rd ed. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, CA.
  • Kelly, A. E., and M. L. Goulden. 2008. Rapid shifts in plant distribution with recent climate change. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. 105:1182311826.
  • Kelly, M. B., A. Diaz, and N. Kobzina. 2005. Digitization of a historic dataset: the Wieslander California Vegetation Type Mapping Project. Madroño 52:191201.
  • Kimball, S., A. L. Angert, T. E. Huxman, and D. L. Venable. 2010. Contemporary climate change in the Sonoran Desert favors cold-adapted species. Glob. Change Biol. 16:15551565.
  • Kupfer, J. A., J. Balmat, and J. L. Smith. 2005. Shifts in the potential distribution of sky island plant communities in response to climate change, in Biodiversity and management of the Madrean archipelago II: connecting mountain islands and desert seas. U. S. Department of Agriculture, RMRS-P-36, 485490.
  • Lenoir, J., J. C. Gégout, P. A. Marquet, P. de Ruffra, and H. Brisse. 2008. A significant upward shift in plant species optimum elevation during the 20th century. Science 320:17681771.
  • Lesica, P., and B. McCune. 2004. Decline of Arctic-Alpine plants at the southern margin of their range following a decade of climatic warming. J. Veg. Sci. 15:679690.
  • Loarie, S. R., B. E. Carter, K. Hayhoe, S. McMahon, R. Moe, C. A. Knight, et al. 2008. Climate change and the future of California's endemic flora. PLoS ONE 3:e2502.
  • Lowe, C. H. Jr. 1961. The Santa Catalina Mountains ecology field trip: desert to Mt. Lemmon fir forest (9,150 ft). Technical Report, Environmental Biology of Arid Regions, University of Arizona, No. 1.
  • Lozano-García, M. S., B. Ortega-Guerrero, and M. Sosa. 2002. Mid- to Late-Wisconsin pollen record of San Felipe Basin, Baja California. Quatern. Res. 58:8492.
  • Lyford, M. E., S. T. Jackson, J. L. Betancourt, and S. T. Gray. 2003. Influence of landscape structure and climate variability on a Late Holocene plant migration. Ecol. Monogr. 73:567583.
  • MacAuliffe, J. R., and T. R. Van Devender. 1998. A 22,000-year record of vegetation change in the north-central Sonoran Desert. Palaeogeogr. Palaeoclimatol. Palaeoecol. 141:253275.
  • Marshall, J. T. Jr. 1957. Birds of the pine-oak woodland in southern Arizona and adjacent Mexico. Cooper Ornithological Society, Pacific Coast Avifauna, 32:1125.
  • Martin, P. S. 1963. The Last 10,000 years: a fossil pollen record of the American Southwest. Univ. of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ.
  • McCarty, J. P. 2001. Ecological consequences of recent climate change. Conserv. Biol. 15:320331.
  • McLaughlin, S. P. 1986. A floristic analysis of the southwestern United States. Great Basin Nat. 46:4665.
  • McLaughlin, S. P.. 1995. An overview of the flora of the Sky Islands, Southeastern Arizona: diversity, affinities and insularity. Pp. 6070 in L. F. DeBano, P. F. Ffolliott, A. Ortega-Rubio, G. Gottfried, R. H. Hamre and C. B. Edminster (Tech. Coord.), eds. Biodiversity and management of the Madrean Archipelago: the Sky Islands of Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico; 1994, Tucson, AZ. Technical Report RM-GTR-264. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, U.S. Forest Service, Ft. Collins, CO.
  • Moiseev, P. A., and S. G. Shiyatov. 2003. Vegetation dynamics at the treeline ecotone in the Ural highlands, Russia. Pp. 423435 in L. Nagy, G. Grabherr, C. Körner and D. B. A. Thompson, Alpine biodiversity in Europe–a Europe-wide assessment of biological richness and change. Ecological Studies, 167.
  • Moore, W., W. M. Meyer, J. A. Eble, K. Franklin, J. F. Wiens, R. C. Brusca. 2013. Introduction to the Arizona Sky Island Arthropod Project (ASAP): systematics, biogeography, ecology and population genetics of arthropods of the Madrean Sky Islands, in G. J. Gottfried, P. F. Ffolliott, B. S. Bebow, and L. G. Eskew, eds. Merging science and management in a rapidly changing world: biodiversity and management of the Madrean Archipelago III. U.S. Department of Agriculture RMRS-P-67, 140164.
  • Niering, W. A., and C. H. Lowe. 1984. Vegetation of the Santa Catalina Mountains: community types and dynamics. Pp. 159185 in R. K. Peet, ed., Plant community ecology: papers in honor of Robert H. Whittaker. W. Junk Publishers/Kluwer-Academic Publishing, Boston, MA.
  • Normand, S., U. A. Treier, C. Randin, P. Vittoz, A. Guisan, and J.-C. Svenning. 2009. Importance of abiotic stress as a range-limit determinant for European plants: insights from species responses to climatic gradients. Glob. Ecol. Biogeogr. 18:437449.
  • Overpeck, J., and B. Udall. 2010. Dry times ahead. Science 328:16421643.
  • Palais, D. G., and S. M. Peacock. 1990. Metamorphic and stratigraphic constraints on the evolution of the Santa Catalina Mountains metamorphic core complex, Arizona. J. Geophys. Res. 95(B1):501507.
  • Parmesan, C. 2006. Ecological and evolutionary responses to recent climate change. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Evol. Syst. 37:637669.
  • Parmesan, C., and G. Yohe. 2003. A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature 42:3742.
  • Pashley, E. F. Jr. 1963. A reinterpretation of the anticlinal structure exposed in the northwest face of Pusch Ridge, Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. Arizona Geol. Soc. Digest 6:4953.
  • Pauli, H., M. Gottfried, K. Reiter, C. Kletner, and G. Grabherr. 2007. Signals of range expansions and contractions of vascular pants in the high Alps: observations (1994-2004) at the GLORIA master site Schrankogel, Tyrol, Austria. Glob. Change Biol. 13:147156.
  • Peters, R. L., and T. E. Lovejoy, eds. 1992. Global warming and biological diversity. Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, CT.
  • Raffa, K. F., B. H. Aukema, B. J. Bentz, A. L. Carroll, J. A. Hicke, M. G. Turner, et al. 2008. Cross-scale drivers of natural disturbances prone to anthropogenic amplification: the dynamics of bark beetle eruptions. Bioscience 58:501517.
  • Robles, M. D., and C. Enquist. 2010. Managing changing landscapes in the Southwestern United States. The Nature Conservancy, 26 pp.
  • Rosenzweig, C., G. Casassa, D. J. Karoly, A. Imeson, C. Liu, A. Menzel, et al. 2007. Assessment of observed changes and responses in natural and managed systems. Pp. 79131 in M. L. Parry, O. F. Canziani, J. P. Palutikof, P. J. van der Linden, and C. E. Hanson, eds. Climate change 2007: impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. contribution of working group ii to the fourth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. Cambridge Univ. Press, Cambridge, U.K.
  • Schwilk, D. W., and J. E. Keeley. 2012. A plant distribution shift: temperature, drought or past disturbance? PLoS ONE 7:e31173. doi:10.1371.journal.pone.0031171.
  • SEINet. Southwest Environmental Information Network, Available at www.swbiodiversity.org/seinet. (accessed 30 January 2013).
  • Shreve, F. B. 1915. The vegetation of a desert mountain range as conditioned by climatic factors. No. 217. Carnegie Institute of Washington, pp.1112.
  • StataCorp. 2009. Stata statistical software: release 11. StataCorp LP, College Station, TX.
  • Sturm, M., C. Racine, and K. Tape. 2001. Climate change increasing shrub abundance in the Arctic. Nature 411:546547.
  • Suemnicht, G. A. 1977. Geologic map and section of the Canada del Oro Valley headwaters, Santa Catalina Mountains, Pima-Pinal Counties, Arizona. Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology. Miscellaneous Map MM-77-A.
  • Taiz, L., and E. Zeigler. 2010. Plant physiology, 5th ed. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, MD.
  • Thompson, R. S., and K. H. Anderson. 2000. Biomes of western North America at 18,000, 6000, and 0, 14C yr BP, reconstructed from pollen and packrat midden data. J. Biogeogr. 27:555584.
  • Thorne, J., T. R. Kelsey, J. Honig, and B. Morgan. 2006. The development of 70-year-old Wieslander vegetation type maps and an assessment of landscape change in the central Sierra Nevada. University of California, Davis, and California Energy Commission, CED-500-2006-107, 59 pp.
  • Van Devender, T. R. 1977. Holocene woodlands in the southwestern deserts. Science 198:189192.
  • Van Devender, T. R.. 2002. Environmental history of the Sonoran Desert, Pp. 324 in T. H. Fleming and A. Valiente-Banuet, eds. Columnar cacti and their mutualists: evolution, ecology, and conservation. Univ. of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ.
  • Van Mantgem, P. J., N. L. Stephenson, J. C. Byrne, L. D. Daniels, J. F. Frankin, P. Z. Fulé, et al. 2009. Widespread increase of tree mortality rates in the western United States. Science 323:521524.
  • Warshall, P. 1995. The Madrean Sky Island Archipelago: a planetary overview. Pp. 618 in L. F. DeBano, P. F. Ffolliott, A. Ortega-Rubio, G. Gottfried, H. Hamre and C. B. Edminster (Tech. Coord.), eds. Biodiversity and management of the Madrean Archipelago: the Sky Islands of Southwestern United States and Northwestern Mexico; 1994, Tucson, AZ. Technical Report RM-GTR-264. U.S. Dept. of Agriculture, U.S. Forest Service, Ft. Collins, CO.
  • Whittaker, R. H. 1967. Gradient analysis of vegetation. Biol. Rev. Cambridge Philosophical Society 42:207264.
  • Whittaker, R. W., and W. A. Niering. 1964. Vegetation of the Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. I. Ecological classification and distribution of species. J. Arizona–Nevada Acad. Sci. 3:934.
  • Whittaker, R. H., and W. A. Niering. 1965. Vegetation of the Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. A gradient analysis of the south slope. Ecology 46:429452.
  • Whittaker, R. H., and W. A. Niering. 1968a. Vegetation of the Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. III. Species distribution and floristic relations on the north slope. J. Arizona Acad. Sci. 5:321.
  • Whittaker, R. H., and W. A. Niering. 1968b. Vegetation of the Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. IV. Limestone and acid soils. J. Ecol. 56:523544.
  • Whittaker, R. H., and W. A. Niering. 1975. Vegetation of the Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. V. Biomass, production, and diversity along the elevation gradient. Ecology 56:771790.
  • Whittaker, R. H., S. W. Buol, W. A. Niering, and Y. H. Havens. 1968. A soil and vegetation pattern in the Santa Catalina Mountains, Arizona. Soil Sci. 105:440450.
  • Williams, A. P., C. D. Allen, C. I. Millar, T. W. Swetnam, J. Michaelsen, C. J. Still, et al. 2011. Forest response to increasing aridity and warmth in the southwestern Untied States. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 107:2128921294.
  • Williams, A. P., C. D. Allen, A. K. Macalady, D. Griffin, C. A. Woodhouse, D. M. Meko, et al. 2012. Temperature as a potent driver of regional forest drought stress and tree mortality. Nat. Clim. Chang. 3:292297.
  • Wilson, R. J., D. Gutierrez, J. Gutierrez, and V. J. Monserrat. 2007. An elevational shift in butterfly species richness and composition accompanying recent climate change. Glob. Change Biol. 13:18731887.
  • Zabriskie, J. G. 1979. Plants of deep canyon and the Central Coachella Valley, California. Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, CA.