Strong species-environment feedback shapes plant community assembly along environmental gradients
Article first published online: 20 SEP 2013
© 2013 The Authors. Ecology and Evolution published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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Ecology and Evolution
Volume 3, Issue 12, pages 4119–4128, October 2013
How to Cite
Ecology and Evolution 2013; 3(12): 4119–4128
- Issue published online: 23 OCT 2013
- Article first published online: 20 SEP 2013
- Manuscript Accepted: 20 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Revised: 14 AUG 2013
- Manuscript Received: 19 JUN 2013
- NSF Award. Grant Number: #EF-0832858
- USGS Greater Everglades Priority Ecosystem Science Program
- FISCHS. Grant Number: #EF-0832858
|ece3784-sup-0001-FigureS1a.eps||image/eps||26K||Figure S1. Distribution of niche optima of all individuals on a one-dimensional landscape a) without species-environment feedback; b) with relative strength of the feedback, α = 0.8 and c) realized environments along baseline environmental gradient, where the straight diagonal line represents the environment value without any change by engineering feedback from species.|
|ece3784-sup-0004-FigureS2a.eps||image/eps||13K||Figure S2. Species richness changes with relative strength of the species-environment feedback, α, when a) absent of immigration, m = 0, under heterogeneous gradient environment, b) low immigration rate, m = 0.01, under heterogeneous gradient environment and c) low immigration rate, m = 0.01, under homogeneous environment.|
|ece3784-sup-0007-FigureA1.eps||image/eps||12K||Figure A1. Species richness changes with relative strength of the specie-environment feedback, α, when immigration rate m = 0, 0.01 or 0.1 (same figure as Fig. 3B except the red circles).|
|ece3784-sup-0008-FigureA2a.eps||image/eps||14K||Figure A2. Comparison of impacts of initial species distribution on diversity-feedback relationship, between the case in which all the local were initially occupied by best local competitor (bold lines) and the case in which random occupancy was assumed (thin lines), under a) heterogeneous gradient environment, and b) heterogeneous random environment.|
|ece3784-sup-0010-FigureA3a.eps||image/eps||11K||Figure A3. Species richness changes with relative strength of the specie-environment feedback, α, in a heterogeneous random environment, when a) immigration rate m = 0.1; b) immigration rate m = 0.01; and c) in the absence of immigration, m = 0.|
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