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Phytoplankton chlorophyte structure as related to ENSO events in a saline lowland river (Salado River, Buenos Aires, Argentina)

Authors

  • Lía C. Solari,

    Corresponding author
    1. Instituto de Limnología “Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet”, CCT Conicet La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
    • Correspondence

      Lía C. Solari, Instituto de Limnología “Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet”, CCT Conicet La Plata, Boulevard 120 y 62, 1900 La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Tel: 54 221 4222775; Fax: 54 221 4222832; E-mail: solari@ilpla.edu.ar

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  • Néstor A. Gabellone,

    1. Instituto de Limnología “Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet”, CCT Conicet La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
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  • María C. Claps,

    1. Instituto de Limnología “Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet”, CCT Conicet La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
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  • María A. Casco,

    1. División Ficología, Museo de Ciencias Naturales de La Plata, La Plata, Argentina
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  • Karina P. Quaíni,

    1. Instituto de Limnología “Dr. Raúl A. Ringuelet”, CCT Conicet La Plata, La Plata, Buenos Aires, Argentina
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  • Nancy C. Neschuk

    1. Departamento de Estudios Ambientales de la Dirección Provincial de Saneamiento y Obras Hidráulicas del Ministerio de Infraestructura, Vivienda y Servicios Públicos de la Provincia de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
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Abstract

We analyzed the phytoplankton present in the lower sector of the Salado River (Buenos Aires, Argentina) for 10 years (1995–2005) and detected significant changes occurring in chlorophyte abundance and species richness during La Niña event (1998–1999), which period was analyzed throughout the entire basin (main stream and tributaries). We compared the physicochemical and biologic variables between two El Niño–La Niña–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) periods – El Niño (March 1997–January 1998) and La Niña (May 1998–May 1999) – to identify possible indicators of a relationship between climatic anomalies and chlorophyte performance. Chlorophyte density increased during the La Niña. Under normal or extreme hydrologic conditions, mobile (Chlamydomonas spp.) and nonmobile (Monoraphidium spp.) chlorophytes codominated. These species belonged to Reynolds's functional groups X1 and X2, those typical of nutrient-enriched environments. Comparative analyses between El Niño and La Niña periods indicated significant differences in physicochemical (K+, dissolved polyphenols, particulate reactive phosphorus, alkalinity, pH) and biologic (species diversity and richness, phytoplankton and chlorophyte total densities) variables between the two periods at all basin sites. During the La Niña condition, species richness was greater owing to interconnected shallow lakes and drainage-channel inputs, while the Shannon diversity index was lower because of the high abundance values of Monoraphidium minutum. A detailed analysis of the chlorophytes in the entire basin, indicated that changes in density and species dominance occurred on a regional scale although diverse chlorophyte assemblages were identified in the different sectors of the Salado River basin. After La Niña event, the entire basin had the potential to revert to the previous density values, showing the resilience to global environmental changes and the ability to reestablish the general conditions of stability.

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