Brain activity when reading sentences and emoticons: an fMRI study of verbal and nonverbal communication
Version of Record online: 25 APR 2011
Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Electronics and Communications in Japan
Volume 94, Issue 5, pages 17–24, May 2011
How to Cite
Yuasa, M., Saito, K. and Mukawa, N. (2011), Brain activity when reading sentences and emoticons: an fMRI study of verbal and nonverbal communication. Electron. Comm. Jpn., 94: 17–24. doi: 10.1002/ecj.10311
- Issue online: 25 APR 2011
- Version of Record online: 25 APR 2011
- MEXT Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research No. (B) 16300032 and Grant-in-Aid for Young Scientists No. (B) 19700119, as well as by Tokyo Denki University.
- nonverbal communication;
- human computer interaction
In this paper, we describe a person's brain activity when he or she sees an emoticon at the end of a sentence. An emoticon consists of some characters that resemble the human face and expresses the sender's emotions. With the help of a computer network, we use e-mail, messaging, avatars, and so on, in order to communicate with a recipient. Moreover, we send an emotional expression by using an emoticon at the end of a sentence. In this research, we investigate the effect of an emoticon as nonverbal information, using an fMRI study. The experimental results show that the right and left inferior frontal gyrus were activated and we detect a sentence with an emoticon as the verbal and nonverbal information. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Electron Comm Jpn, 94(5): 17–24, 2011; Published online in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com). DOI 10.1002/ecj.10311