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Hydrological impact of war-induced deforestation in the Mekong Basin

Authors


Correspondence to: Guillaume Lacombe, International Water Management Institut (IWMI), PO Box 4199, Vientiane, Laos.

E-mail: g.lacombe@cgiar.org

ABSTRACT

The Vietnam War played a decisive role in the pre-1990s deforestation of the lower Mekong Basin, which in turn likely influenced regional broad-scale hydrology. This note presents and discusses new analyses that strengthen this thesis. Although concurrent overestimation of discharge and underestimation of rainfall, a couple of years after bombing climaxed in the early 1970s, could theoretically explain the sharp rise in water yield previously attributed to bomb-induced deforestation, new observations suggest that bombing has durably modified the landscape: by 2002, degraded forests still largely overlapped with areas heavily bombed 30 years earlier. This corroborates observed long-term hydrological changes and suggests that warfare-induced deforestation has more profound and durable hydrological effects than previously thought. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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