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Keywords:

  • snow depth;
  • SWE;
  • forest disturbance;
  • forest canopy;
  • interception

ABSTRACT

Mountain pine beetle (MPB) infestation and salvage logging create a post-disturbance landscape composed of a patchwork of alive, dead, and clearcut forest stands. Subsequent impacts on runoff generation in snowmelt-dominated hydrological regimes are largely a function of the proportion of landscape covered by each stand type, but basic information on snow accumulation variations between stand types following beetle infestation is lacking. This study examines snow accumulation in the post-disturbance landscape of northern interior British Columbia, Canada, to quantify the effects of MPB-related forest cover change. Field measurements collected in a live and a dead coniferous plot during the 2007 and 2008 winters are compared with those collected in a clearcut (canopy-free control) to identify inter-plot differences in snow depth, density, and water equivalent. Interannual variability in snow density and water equivalent is significantly affected by interannual variability in meteorological conditions. In high snow years, the dead and alive plots behave similarly due to the ability of large snowfalls to exceed the interception capacity of the canopy. In low-to-average snow years, however, distinct differences in snow accumulation between the dead and alive plots are observed. These are largely due to the canopy structure in the dead plot, which differs significantly from that in the healthy plot largely due to defoliation (needle drop) and the loss of fine branches and stems following beetle infestation. Research results provide key process information for modelling studies examining the effects of these changes on runoff generation at the watershed scale. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.