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Mountain pine beetle infestation impacts: modeling water and energy budgets at the hill-slope scale

Authors

  • K. M. Mikkelson,

    Corresponding author
    1. Hydrological Sciences and Engineering Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA
    • Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA
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  • R. M. Maxwell,

    1. Hydrological Sciences and Engineering Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA
    2. Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA
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  • I. Ferguson,

    1. Department of Geology and Geological Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA
    2. Bureau of Reclamation, Denver Federal Center, Denver, CO, USA
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  • J. D. Stednick,

    1. Department of Forest, Rangeland, and Watershed Stewardship, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, USA
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  • J. E. McCray,

    1. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA
    2. Hydrological Sciences and Engineering Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA
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  • J. O. Sharp

    1. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA
    2. Hydrological Sciences and Engineering Program, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA
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Correspondence to: K. M. Mikkelson, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA.

E-mail: kmikkels@mines.edu

ABSTRACT

The mountain pine beetle (MPB) epidemic in western North America is generating growing concern associated with aesthetics, ecology, and forest and water resources. Given the substantial acreage of prematurely dying forests within Colorado and Wyoming (~two million acres in 2008), MPB infestations have the potential to significantly alter forest canopy, impacting several aspects of the local water and land-energy cycle. Hydrologic processes that may be influenced include canopy interception of precipitation and radiation, snow accumulation, melt and sublimation, soil infiltration and evapotranspiration. To investigate the changing hydrologic and energy regimes associated with MPB infestations, we used an integrated hydrologic model coupled with a land surface model to incorporate physical processes related to energy at the land surface. This platform was used to model hillslope-scale hydrology and land-energy changes throughout the phases of MPB infestation through modification of the physical parameterisation that accounts for alteration of stomatal resistance and leaf area indices. Our results demonstrate that MPB infested watersheds will experience a decrease in evapotranspiration, an increase in snow accumulation accompanied by earlier and faster snowmelt and associated increases in runoff volume and timing. Impacts are similar to those projected under climate change, yet with a systematically higher snowpack. These results have implications for water resource management because of higher tendencies for flooding in the spring and drought in the summer. Copyright © 2011 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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