• vertical-type organic device;
  • zinc oxide;
  • transparent electrode;
  • organic light-emitting diode.


We propose a double heterojunction organic light-emitting diode (OLED) using a zinc oxide (ZnO) film, which works as a transparent and electron injection layer. The crystal structure of the ZnO films as a function of Ar/O2 flow ratio and the basic characteristics of the OLED depending on the ZnO sputtering conditions are investigated. Excellent characteristics of the novel OLED were obtained, as high as 470 cd/m2 at 22 V and 7.6 mA/cm2. The results obtained here demonstrate that the vertical organic light-emitting transistor (OLET) using a ZnO layer as an electron injection layer is promising as a key element for flexible sheet displays. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Electr Eng Jpn, 158(2): 49–55, 2007; Published online in Wiley InterScience ( DOI 10.1002/eej.20151