Policy Mixes, Policy Interplay and Low Carbon Transitions: The Case of Passenger Transport in Finland

Authors

  • Paula Kivimaa,

    Corresponding author
    1. Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    2. Aalto University School of Business, Department of Management and International Business, Helsinki, Finland
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  • Venla Virkamäki

    1. Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, Finland
    2. Aalto University School of Business, Department of Management and International Business, Helsinki, Finland
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ABSTRACT

The promotion of low-carbon transport systems is largely dependent on the interplay between technology, innovation, markets, people's behaviour and policy. Various policies jointly influence the development of transport systems, some policies implying different or even contradictory designs for future transport systems. Policy interplay has not been much addressed in previous research on sustainability transitions. This article combines the technological innovation system (TIS) functions, within the transitions framework, with policy analysis to empirically map multiple policies and their intended paths towards low-carbon transport systems. Empirically, the article provides a systematic review of Finnish national-level policies for transport and transport-related innovation. The discussion examines the contribution of the current policy mix to sustainability transitions based on its degree of attempt to re-design the transport system. The findings reveal that policy support is more comprehensive regarding more energy-efficient vehicles and low-carbon fuels than based on reduced transport demand or alternative transport modes. A holistic policy approach towards low-carbon transitions is only achieved to a degree and innovation policy gaps are identified. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment

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