Innovation and the Role of Collaborative Planning in Local Clean Energy Policy

Authors

  • Damian Pitt,

    Corresponding author
    1. Urban and Regional Planning program, L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs, Virginia Commonwealth University
    • Correspondence to: Damian Pitt, Urban and Regional Planning program, L. Douglas Wilder School of Government and Public Affairs, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

      E-mail: dpitt@vcu.edu

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  • Ellen Bassett

    1. Urban and Environmental Planning program, School of Architecture, University of Virginia
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ABSTRACT

The adoption of clean energy policies is becoming more common among US localities, but is still far from universal. Policy innovation theory suggests that some shared internal characteristics should distinguish the localities that adopt those policies from others that do not. Based on a survey of US local government officials, and supplementary data from the US Census, we use multiple regression analysis to identify those distinguishing characteristics. We find that collaborative planning approaches play a crucial role in helping localities build the local civic capacity necessary to adopt these innovative policies. Our results reinforce prior studies which have found that citizen participation and stakeholder participation in planning processes can help to foster the development of innovative local policies for sustainability and climate change mitigation. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environment

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