Molecular analysis of HLA class II polymorphism represents a crucial parameter for HLA matching in transplantation immunology, for the study of HLA-disease association and for the understanding of major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-restricted antigen presentation. We report here the DNA sequence and the deduced amino acid sequence of the polymorphic first domain exon of the DRB1 and DRB3 alleles of the homozygous cell line HAG (DRw13-DwHAG-DQw7). The DRB1 sequence represents a new DRB allele, which clearly shows a close relationship to other DRB1 genes from the DRw52 group and is now officially named DRB1*1303. The DRB1*1303 allele is very similar to the two DRw13 alleles we have described earlier, with only five amino acid differences at positions 32, 37, 47, 57 and 71. Furthermore, its sequence in the third hypervariable region is unique among all known DRB1 and DRB3 alleles. The sequence of the DRB3 gene of HAG shows that it corresponds to the previously described DRB3*0101 (DRw52a) allele. In addition we present analyses of a panel of healthy blood donors and leukemic patients by oligonucleotide typing showing that this new HLA-DR specificity can now be unequivocally identified in routine oligotyping with an allele-specific oligonucleotide probe.