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Keywords:

  • C5a;
  • Formyl peptide;
  • C5a receptor;
  • Formyl peptide receptor;
  • Chimeras

Abstract

We employed the polymerase chain reaction to produce a series of chimeric C5a/formyl peptide receptors. Chinese hamster ovary cells transfected with these constructs were tested for their ability to bind C5a. Substitution of three of the extracellular domains of the C5a receptor with the corresponding domains of the formyl peptide receptor abolished C5a binding, whilst replacement of the first extracellular loop of the C5a receptor with that of the formyl peptide receptor had little effect on the affinity of the receptor for C5a. We therefore conclude that this first outer loop of the C5a receptor does not participate in ligand binding, whilst involvement of the other extracellular domains of the receptor cannot be ruled out.