Tissue factor (TF) is a high-affinity receptor for coagulation factors VII (F VII) and VIIa. The F VII/VIIa/TF complex is the major cellular initiator of the extrinsic coagulation cascade. We found that the occupancy of TF by its ligand, F VIIa, is involved with signal transduction and that TF is associated with the γ chain homodimer identified as a component of IgE receptor type I (FcϵRI). When 4-day cultured human monocytes were incubated with F VIIa, several polypeptides, especially a 70-kDa polypeptide, were transiently phosphorylated on tyrosine, residues. These phosphorylation events were inhibited by prior binding of anti-TF monoclonal antibody (mAb) HTF-K14, but not anti-TF mAb HTF-K180 to intact cultured monocytes. HTF-K14 blocked the binding of FVII/Vila to cell surface TF, whereas HTF-K180 did not. Anti-TF immunoprecipitates prepared from 1 % digitonin lysates of cultured human monocytes incorporated phosphate in a γ chain homodimer when incubated with [γ-32P] ATP. The identity of the TF-associated structures as γ chains was established by immunoblot analysis of anti-TF mAb immunoprecipitates with anti-γ chain mAb. In addition, anti-TF immunoblot analysis showed that TF co-precipitated with anti-γ chain mAb. Our data suggest that γ chains may play an important role in signaling via TF in human monocytes/macrophages.