We evaluated the effects of interleukin (IL)-10 on the differentiation of dendritic cells (DC) obtained by culturing plastic-adherent peripheral blood mononuclear cells for 7 days in presence of granulocyte/macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)+IL-4. The addition of IL-10 at the initiation of culture resulted in the generation of macrophage-like cells with expressing high levels of CD14 and decreased levels of CD1a and CD1c. Furthermore, cells generated in presence of IL-10 secreted lower levels of IL-12, but higher levels of IL-8 compared with DC generated in absence of IL-10, both spontaneously and after CD40 engagement. Finally, cells generated in presence of IL-10 were less efficient than DC in stimulating the production of IL-2, interferon-γ, and IL-4 by allogeneic T cells. We conclude that IL-10 prevents the generation of DC induced by GM-CSF+IL-4 and favors the development of macrophages with a lower T cell stimulatory potential, but secreting higher levels of IL-8 than DC.