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Keywords:

  • Interleukin-8 receptor;
  • C5a receptor;
  • Vitamin D3;
  • Retinoic acid

Abstract

Two homologous high-affinity receptors for the chemoattractant interleukin-8, IL-8RA and IL-8RB, and one for the chemoattractant C5a (C5aR) have been cloned. These membrane proteins are members of the rhodopsin superfamily of G-protein coupled seven-transmembrane segment receptors. New monoclonal antibodies (mAb) directed against the deduced N-terminal sequences of the IL-8RA (mAb SE2) and IL-8RB (mAb HC2) were generated to determine the IL-8R expression on human blood leukocytes and two human myeloid cell lines. The C5aR expression was detected using the mAb W17/1. Approximately 107000 C5aR, 55000 IL-8RA, and 25000 IL-8RB molecules per cell could be detected on human granulocytes by flow cytometric analysis. On peripheral blood monocytes, 42000 C5aR molecules/cell and 3000 IL-8RB molecules/cell were expressed. However, we were unable to quantitate IL-8RA expression, which was detectable but below 2500 molecules per cell and thus outside the standard range for the quantitation of receptor molecules by flow cytometry. On AML-193 cells, only the IL-8RB was constitutively expressed, whereas on HL-60 cells, we could not detect expression of any of the three receptors. Vitamin D3 (250 ng/ml, 7 days), which has been shown to induce differentiation of AML-193 and HL-60 cells into the monocytic phenotype, led to an up-regulation of IL-8RB and C5aR in both cell lines in the absence of any expression of IL-8RA. In contrast, all-trans retinoic acid (0.1 μM, 7 days), which induces differentiation into the granulocytic phenotype, led to an up-regulation of IL-8RB in AML-193 cells and to an expression of IL-8RB and C5aR in HL-60 cells. Again, neither cell line expressed IL-8RA. These findings suggest that regulation of IL-8RA expression differs from that of its IL-8RB homolog and may be a late event in leukocyte maturation.