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    Harper, H., Cochrane, L. and Williams, N. A., The role of small intestinal antigen-presenting cells in the induction of T cell reactivity to soluble protein antigens: association between aberrant presentation in the lamina propria and oral tolerance. Immunology 1996. 89: 449456.
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    Becker, C., Wirtz, S., Blessing, M., Pirhonen, J., Strand, D., Bechthold, O., Frick, J., Galle, P. R., Autenrieth, I. and Neurath, M. F., Constitutive p40 promoter activation and IL-23 production in the terminal ileum mediated by dendritic cells. J. Clin. Invest. 2003. 112: 693706.
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    Wakkach, A., Fournier, N., Brun, V., Breittmayer, J. P., Cottrez, F. and Groux, H., Characterization of dendritic cells that induce tolerance and T regulatory 1 cell differentiation in vivo. Immunity 2003. 18: 605617.
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    O'Keeffe, M., Hochrein, H., Vremec, D., Caminschi, I., Miller, J. L., Anders, E. M., Wu, L., Lahoud, M. H., Henri, S., Scott, B., Hertzog, P., Tatarczuch, L. and Shortman, K., Mouse plasmacytoid cells: long-lived cells, heterogeneous in surface phenotype and function, that differentiate into CD8(+) dendritic cells only after microbial stimulus. J. Exp. Med. 2002. 196: 13071319.
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    Kelsall, B. L. and Rescigno, M., Mucosal dendritic cells in immunity and inflammation. Nat. Immunol. 2004. 5: 10911095.
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    Bilsborough, J., George, T. C., Norment, A. and Viney, J. L., Mucosal CD8α+ DC, with a plasmacytoid phenotype, induce differentiation and support function of T cells with regulatory properties. Immunology 2003. 108: 481492.
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    Groux, H., O'Garra, A., Bigler, M., Rouleau, M., Antonenko, S., de Vries, J. E. and Roncarlo, M. G., A CD4+ T cell subset inhibits antigen-specific T cell responses and prevents colitis. Nature 1997. 389: 737742.
  • 26
    Moser, M., Dendritic cells in immunity and tolerance-do they display opposite functions? Immunity 2003. 19: 58.
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    Williamson, E., Westrich, G. M. and Viney, J. L., Modulating dendritic cells to optimize mucosal immunization protocols. J. Immunol. 1999. 163: 36683675.
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    Williamson, E., Bilsborough, J. M. and Viney, J. L., Regulation of mucosal dendritic cell function by receptor activator of NF-κ B (RANK)/RANK ligand interactions: impact on tolerance induction. J. Immunol. 2002. 169: 36063612.
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    Alpan, O., Bachelder, E., Isil, E., Arnheiter, H. and Matzinger, P., ‘Educated’ dendritic cells act as messengers from memory to naive T helper cells. Nat. Immunol. 2004. 5: 615622.
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    Bilsborough, J. and Viney, J. L., Gastrointestinal dendritic cells play a role in immunity, tolerance, and disease. Gastroenterology 2004. 127: 300309.
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    Akbari, O., DeKruyff, R. H. and Umetsu, D. T., Pulmonary dendritic cells producing IL-10 mediate tolerance induced by respiratory exposure to antigen. Nat. Immunol. 2001. 2: 725731.
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    Liu, L. and MacPherson, G., Antigen acquisition by dendritic cells: intestinal dendritic cells acquire antigen administered orally and can prime naive T cells in vivo. J. Exp. Med. 1993. 177: 12991307.
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    Wilson, N. S., El-Sukkari, D., Belz, G. T., Smith, C. M., Steptoe, R. J., Heath, W. R., Shortman, K. and Villadangos, J. A., Most lymphoid organ dendritic cell types are phenotypically and functionally immature. Blood 2003. 103: 21872195.
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    Carbone, F. R., Belz, G. T. and Heath, W. R., Transfer of antigen between migrating and lymph node-resident DCs in peripheral T cell tolerance and immunity. Trends Immunol. 2004. 25: 655658.
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    Garside, P., Steel, M., Worthey, E. A., Satoskar, A., Alexander, J., Bluethmann, H., Liew, F. Y. and Mowat, A. McI., Th2 cells are subject to high dose oral tolerance and are not essential for its induction. J. Immunol. 1995. 154: 56495655.