• 1
    Ottenhoff, T. H., Kumararatne, D. and Casanova, J. L., Novel human immunodeficiencies reveal the essential role of type-I cytokines in immunity to intracellular bacteria. Immunol. Today 1998. 19: 491494.
  • 2
    Kaufmann, S. H., How can immunology contribute to the control of tuberculosis? Nat. Rev. Immunol. 2001. 1: 2030.
  • 3
    Flynn, J. L., Chan, J., Triebold, K. J., Dalton, D. K., Stewart, T. A. and Bloom, B. R., An essential role for interferon gamma in resistance to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. J. Exp. Med. 1993. 178: 22492254.
  • 4
    Dorman, S. E. and Holland, S. M., Mutation in the signal-transducing chain of the interferon-gamma receptor and susceptibility to mycobacterial infection. J. Clin. Invest 1998. 101: 23642369.
  • 5
    Doffinger, R., Altare, F. and Casanova, J. L., Genetic heterogeneity of Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial infection. Microbes Infect 2000. 2: 15531557.
  • 6
    Zhang, M., Lin, Y., Iyer, D. V., Gong, J., Abrams, J. S. and Barnes, P. F., T-cell cytokine responses in human infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Infect. Immun. 1995. 63: 32313234.
  • 7
    Hernandez-Pando, R., Orozcoe, H., Sampieri, A., Pavon, L., Velasquillo, C., Larriva-Sahd, J. et al., Correlation between the kinetics of Th1, Th2 cells and pathology in a murine model of experimental pulmonary tuberculosis. Immunology 1996. 89: 2633.
  • 8
    Somoskovi, A., Zissel, G., Zipfel, P. F., Ziegenhagen, M. W., Klaucke, J., Haas, H., Schlaak, M. and Muller-Quernheim, J., Different cytokine patterns correlate with the extension of disease in pulmonary tuberculosis. Eur. Cytokine Netw. 1999. 10: 135142.
  • 9
    Devergne, O., Marfaing-Koka, A., Schall, T. J., Leger-Ravet, M. B., Sadick, M., Peuchmaur, M., Crevon, M. C. et al., Production of the RANTES chemokine in delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions: involvement of macrophages and endothelial cells. J. Exp. Med. 1994. 179: 16891694.
  • 10
    Hoheisel, G., Izbicki, G., Roth, M., Chan, C. H. Leung, J. C., Reichenberger, F., Schauer, J. and Perruchoud, A. P., Compartmentalization of pro-inflammatory cytokines in tuberculous pleurisy. Respir. Med. 1998. 92: 1417.
  • 11
    Yamada, Y., Nakamura, A., Hosoda, M., Kato, T., Asano, T., Tonegawa, K. and Itoh, M., Cytokines in pleural liquid for diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy. Respir. Med 2001. 95: 577581.
  • 12
    Sharma, S. K., Mitra, D. K., Balamurugan, A., Pandey, R. M. and Mehra, N. K., Cytokine polarization in miliary and pleural tuberculosis. J. Clin. Immunol. 2002. 22: 345352.
  • 13
    Mitra, D. K., De Rosa, S. C., Luke, A., Balamurugan, A., Khaitan, B. K., Tung, J., Mehra, N. K. et al., Differential representations of memory T cell subsets are characteristic of polarized immunity in leprosy and atopic diseases. Int. Immunol. 1999. 11: 18011810.
  • 14
    Sallusto, F., Lenig, D., Mackay, C. R. and Lanzavecchia, A., Flexible programs of chemokine receptor expression on human polarized T helper 1 and 2 lymphocytes. J. Exp. Med. 1998. 187: 875883.
  • 15
    Syrbe, U., Siveke, J. and Hamann, A., Th1/Th2 subsets: distinct differences in homing and chemokine receptor expression? Springer Semin. Immunopathol 1999. 21: 263285.
  • 16
    Barnes, P. F., Mistry, S. D., Cooper, C. L., Pirmez, C., Rea, T. H. and Modlin, R. L., Compartmentalization of a CD4+ T lymphocyte subpopulation in tuberculous pleuritis. J. Immunol 1989. 142: 11141119.
  • 17
    Antony, V. B., Godbey, S. W., Kunkel, S.L., Hott, J. W., Hartman, D. L., Burdick, M. D. and Strieter, R. M., Recruitment of inflammatory cells to the pleural space. Chemotactic cytokines, IL-8, and monocyte chemotactic peptide-1 in human pleural fluids. J. Immunol 1993. 151: 72167223.
  • 18
    Sieling, P. A. and Modlin, R. L., Cytokine patterns at the site of mycobacterial infection. Immunobiology 1994. 191: 378387.
  • 19
    Mohammed, K. A., Nasreen, N., Ward, M. J., Mubarak, K. K., Rodriguez-Panadero, F. and Antony, V. B., Mycobacterium-mediated chemokine expression in pleural mesothelial cells: role of C-C chemokines in tuberculous pleurisy. J. Infect. Dis. 1998. 178: 14501456.
  • 20
    Teleshova, N., Pashenkov, M., Huang, Y.M., Soderstrom, M., Kivisakk, P., Kostulas, V., Haglund, M. and Link, H., Multiple sclerosis and optic neuritis: CCR5 and CXCR3 expressing T cells are augmented in blood and cerebrospinal fluid. J. Neurol. 2002. 249: 723729.
  • 21
    Patel, D. D., Zachariah, J. P. and Whichard, L. P., CXCR3 and CCR5 ligands in rheumatoid arthritis synovium. Clin. Immunol 2001. 98: 3945.
  • 22
    Hancock, W. W., Lu, B., Gao, W., Csizmadia, V., Faia, K., King, J. A., Smiley, S. T. et al., Requirement of the chemokine receptor CXCR3 for acute allograft rejection. J. Exp. Med 2000. 192: 15151520.
  • 23
    Mukai, T., Iwasaki, M., Gao, P., Tomura, M., Yashiro-Ohtani, Y., Ono, S., Murai, M. et al., IL-12 plays a pivotal role in LFA-1-mediated T cell adhesiveness by up-regulation of CCR5 expression. J. Leukoc. Biol. 2001. 70: 422430.
  • 24
    Campbell, J. J., Hedrick, J., Zlotnik, A., Siani, M. A., Thompson, D. A. and Butcher, E. C., Chemokines and the arrest of lymphocytes rolling under flow conditions. Science 1998. 279: 381384.
  • 25
    Tanaka, Y., Adams, D. H., Hubscher, S., Hirano, H., Siebenlist, U. and Shaw, S., T-cell adhesion induced by proteoglycan-immobilized cytokine MIP-1 beta. Nature 1993. 361: 7982.
  • 26
    Madan, B., Batra, S. and Ghosh, B., 2′-Hydroxychalcone inhibits nuclear factor-kappaB and blocks tumor necrosis factor-alpha- and lipopolysaccharide-induced adhesion of neutrophils to human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Mol. Pharmacol. 2000. 58: 526534.