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    Fritz, J. H., Ferrero, R. L., Philpott, D. J. and Girardin, S. E., Nod-like proteins in immunity, inflammation and disease. Nat. Immunol. 2006. 7: 12501257.
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    Meylan, E., Tschopp, J. and Karin, M., Intracellular pattern recognition receptors in the host response. Nature 2006. 442: 3944.
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    Werts, C., Girardin, S. E. and Philpott, D. J., TIR, CARD and PYRIN: Three domains for an antimicrobial triad. Cell Death Differ. 2006. 13: 798815.
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    Hugot, J.-P., Chamaillard, M., Zouali, H., Lesage, S., Cezard, J.-P., Belaiche, J., Almer, S. et al., Association of Nod2 leucine-rich repeat variants with susceptibility to Crohn's disease. Nature 2001. 411: 599603.
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    Hysi, P., Kabesch, M., Moffatt, M. F., Schedel, M., Carr, D., Zhang, Y., Boardman, B. et al., Nod1 variation, immunoglobulin E, and asthma. Hum. Mol. Genet. 2005. 14: 935941.
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    McGovern, D. P., Hysi, P., Ahmad, T., van Heel, D. A., Moffatt, M. F., Carey, A., Cookson, W. O. and Jewell, D. P., Association between a complex insertion/deletion polymorphism in Nod1 (CARD4) and susceptibility to inflammatory bowel disease. Hum. Mol. Genet. 2005. 14: 12451250.
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    Tremelling, M., Hancock, L., Bredin, F., Sharpstone, D., Bingham, S. A. and Parkes, M., Complex insertion/deletion polymorphism in Nod1 (CARD4) is not associated with inflammatory bowel disease susceptibility in east anglia panel. Inflamm. Bowel Dis. 2006. 12: 967971.
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    Chamaillard, M., Hashimoto, M., Horie, Y., Masumoto, J., Qiu, S., Saab, L., Ogura, Y. et al., An essential role for Nod1 in host recognition of bacterial peptidoglycan containing diaminopimelic acid. Nat. Immunol. 2003. 4: 702707.
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    Girardin, S. E., Boneca, I. G., Carneiro, L. A., Antignac, A., Jehanno, M., Viala, J., Tedin, K. et al., Nod1 detects a unique muropeptide from gram-negative bacterial peptidoglycan. Science 2003. 300: 15841587.
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    Girardin, S. E., Boneca, I. G., Viala, J., Chamaillard, M., Labigne, A., Thomas, G., Philpott, D. J. and Sansonetti, P. J., Nod2 is a general sensor of peptidoglycan through muramyl dipeptide (MDP) detection. J. Biol. Chem. 2003. 278: 88698872.
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    Girardin, S. E., Travassos, L. H., Herve, M., Blanot, D., Boneca, I. G., Philpott, D. J., Sansonetti, P. J. and Mengin-Lecreulx, D., Peptidoglycan molecular requirements allowing detection by Nod1 and Nod2. J. Biol. Chem. 2003. 278: 4170241708.
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    Magalhaes, J. G., Philpott, D. J., Nahori, M. A., Jehanno, M., Fritz, J., Bourhis, L. L., Viala, J. et al., Murine Nod1 but not its human orthologue mediates innate immune detection of tracheal cytotoxin. EMBO Rep. 2005. 6: 12011207.
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    Boughan, P. K., Argent, R. H., Body-Malapel, M., Park, J. H., Ewings, K. E., Bowie, A. G., Ong, S. J. et al., Nucleotide-binding oligomerization domain-1 and epidermal growth factor receptor: Critical regulators of beta-defensins during Helicobacter pylori infection. J. Biol. Chem. 2006. 281: 1163711648.
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    Uehara, A., Fujimoto, Y., Kawasaki, A., Kusumoto, S., Fukase, K. and Takada, H., Meso-diaminopimelic acid and meso-lanthionine, amino acids specific to bacterial peptidoglycans, activate human epithelial cells through Nod1. J. Immunol. 2006. 177: 17961804.
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    Voss, E., Wehkamp, J., Wehkamp, K., Stange, E. F., Schroder, J. M. and Harder, J., Nod2/CARD15 mediates induction of the antimicrobial peptide human beta-defensin-2. J. Biol. Chem. 2006. 281: 20052011.
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    Kobayashi, K. S., Chamaillard, M., Ogura, Y., Henegariu, O., Inohara, N., Nunez, G. and Flavell, R. A., Nod2-dependent regulation of innate and adaptive immunity in the intestinal tract. Science 2005. 307: 731734.
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    Masumoto, J., Yang, K., Varambally, S., Hasegawa, M., Tomlins, S. A., Qiu, S., Fujimoto, Y. et al., Nod1 acts as an intracellular receptor to stimulate chemokine production and neutrophil recruitment in vivo. J. Exp. Med. 2006. 203: 203213.
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    Liu, J. and Ma, X., Interferon regulatory factor 8 regulates RANTES gene transcription in cooperation with interferon regulatory factor-1, NF-kappaB, and PU.1. J. Biol. Chem. 2006. 281: 1918819195.
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    Ishii, K. J., Coban, C., Kato, H., Takahashi, K., Torii, Y., Takeshita, F., Ludwig, H. et al., A Toll-like receptor-independent antiviral response induced by double-stranded B-form DNA. Nat. Immunol. 2006. 7: 4048.
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