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    Gómez-García, L., López-Marín, L. M., Saavedra, R., Reyes, J. L., Rodríguez-Sosa, M. and Terrazas, L. I., Intact glycans from cestode antigens are involved in innate activation of myeloid suppressor cells. Parasite Immunol. 2005. 27: 395405.
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    Smith, P., Walsh, C. M., Mangan, N. E., Fallon, R. E., Sayers, J. R., McKenzie, A. N. and Fallon, P. G., Schistosoma mansoni worms induce anergy of T cells via selective up-regulation of programmed death ligand 1 on macrophages. J. Immunol. 2004. 173: 12401248.
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    Taylor, M. D., Harris, A., Nair, M. G., Maizels, R. M. and Allen, J. E., F4/80+ alternatively activated macrophages control CD4+ T cell hyporesponsiveness at sites peripheral to filarial infection. J. Immunol. 2006. 176: 69186927.
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    Hesse, M., Piccirillo, C. A., Belkaid, Y., Prufer, J., Mentink-Kane, M., Leusink, M., Cheever, A. W. et al., The pathogenesis of schistosomiasis is controlled by cooperating IL-10-producing innate effector and regulatory T cells. J. Immunol. 2004. 172: 31573166.
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    McKee, A. S. and Pearce, E. J., CD25+CD4+ cells contribute to Th2 polarization during helminth infection by suppressing Th1 response development. J. Immunol. 2004. 173: 12241231.
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    Taylor, M. D., LeGoff, L., Harris, A., Malone, E., Allen, J. E. and Maizels, R. M., Removal of regulatory T cell activity reverses hyporesponsiveness and leads to filarial parasite clearance in vivo. J. Immunol. 2005. 174: 49244933.
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    Taylor, J. J., Mohrs, M. and Pearce, E. J., Regulatory T cell responses develop in parallel to Th responses and control the magnitude and phenotype of the Th effector population. J. Immunol. 2006. 176: 58395847.
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    Baumgart, M., Tompkins, F., Leng, J. and Hesse, M., Naturally occurring CD4+Foxp3+ regulatory T cells are an essential, IL-10-independent part of the immunoregulatory network in Schistosoma mansoni egg-induced inflammation. J. Immunol. 2006. 176: 53745387.
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    Hewitson, J. P., Hamblin, P. A. and Mountford, A. P., Immunity induced by the radiation-attenuated schistosome vaccine. Parasite Immunol. 2005. 27: 271280.
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    Lieberman, L. A., Cardillo, F., Owyang, A. M., Rennick, D. M., Cua, D. J., Kastelein, R. A. and Hunter, C. A., IL-23 provides a limited mechanism of resistance to acute toxoplasmosis in the absence of IL-12. J. Immunol. 2004. 173: 18871893.
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    Owyang, A. M., Zaph, C., Wilson, E. H., Guild, K. J., McClanahan, T., Miller, H. R., Cua, D. J. et al., Interleukin 25 regulates type 2 cytokine-dependent immunity and limits chronic inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. J. Exp. Med. 2006. 203: 843849.
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    Rutitzky, L. I., Lopes da Rosa, J. R. and Stadecker, M. J., Severe CD4 T cell-mediated immunopathology in murine schistosomiasis is dependent on IL-12p40 and correlates with high levels of IL-17. J. Immunol. 2005. 175: 39203926.
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    Zaph, C., Troy, A. E., Taylor, B. C., Berman-Booty, L. D., Guild, K. J., Du, Y., Yost, E. A. et al., Epithelial-cell-intrinsic IKK-beta expression regulates intestinal immune homeostasis. Nature 2007. 446: 552556.
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    Nakae, S., Komiyama, Y., Nambu, A., Sudo, K., Iwase, M., Homma, I., Sekikawa, K. et al., Antigen-specific T cell sensitization is impaired in IL-17-deficient mice, causing suppression of allergic cellular and humoral responses. Immunity 2002. 17: 375387.
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    Fujiwara, M., Hirose, K., Kagami, S., Takatori, H., Wakashin, H., Tamachi, T., Watanabe, N. et al., T-bet inhibits both TH2 cell-mediated eosinophil recruitment and TH17 cell-mediated neutrophil recruitment into the airways. J. Allergy Clin. Immunol. 2007. 119: 662670.
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    Perona-Wright, G., Jenkins, S. J. and MacDonald, A. S., Dendritic cell activation and function in response to Schistosoma mansoni. Int. J. Parasitol. 2006. 36: 711721.
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    Jankovic, D., Kullberg, M. C., Feng, C. G., Goldszmid, R. S., Collazo, C. M., Wilson, M., Wynn, T. A. et al., Conventional T-bet+Foxp3 Th1 cells are the major source of host-protective regulatory IL-10 during intracellular protozoan infection. J. Exp. Med. 2007
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    Schnare, M., Barton, G. M., Holt, A. C., Takeda, K., Akira, S. and Medzhitov, R., Toll-like receptors control activation of adaptive immune responses. Nat. Immunol. 2001. 2: 947950.
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    Cervi, L., MacDonald, A. S., Kane, C., Dzierszinski, F. and Pearce, E. J., Cutting edge: dendritic cells copulsed with microbial and helminth antigens undergo modified maturation, segregate the antigens to distinct intracellular compartments, and concurrently induce microbe-specific Th1 and helminth-specific Th2 responses. J. Immunol. 2004. 172: 20162020.
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    de Jong, E. C., Vieira, P. L., Kalinski, P., Schuitemaker, J. H., Tanaka, Y., Wierenga, E. A., Yazdanbakhsh, M. and Kapsenberg, M. L., Microbial compounds selectively induce Th1 cell-promoting or Th2 cell-promoting dendritic cells in vitro with diverse th cell-polarizing signals. J. Immunol. 2002. 168: 17041709.
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    Kaisho, T., Hoshino, K., Iwabe, T., Takeuchi, O., Yasui, T. and Akira, S., Endotoxin can induce MyD88-deficient dendritic cells to support T(h)2 cell differentiation. Int. Immunol. 2002. 14: 695700.
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    Amsen, D., Blander, J. M., Lee, G. R., Tanigaki, K., Honjo, T. and Flavell, R. A., Instruction of distinct CD4 T helper cell fates by different notch ligands on antigen-presenting cells. Cell 2004. 117: 515526.
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    Goodridge, H. S., Marshall, F. A., Else, K. J., Houston, K. M., Egan, C., Al-Riyami, L., Liew, F. Y. et al., Immunomodulation via novel use of TLR4 by the filarial nematode phosphorylcholine-containing secreted product, ES-62. J. Immunol. 2005. 174: 284293.
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    Thomas, P. G., Carter, M. R., Atochina, O., Da'Dara, A. A., Piskorska, D., McGuire, E. and Harn, D. A., Maturation of dendritic cell 2 phenotype by a helminth glycan uses a Toll-like receptor 4-dependent mechanism. J. Immunol. 2003. 171: 58375841.
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    Robinson, M. J., Sancho, D., Slack, E. C., LeibundGut-Landmann, S. and Reis e Sousa, C., Myeloid C-type lectins in innate immunity. Nat. Immunol. 2006. 7: 12581265.
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    van Die, I., van Vliet, S. J., Nyame, A. K., Cummings, R. D., Bank, C. M., Appelmelk, B., Geijtenbeek, T. B. and van Kooyk, Y., The dendritic cell-specific C-type lectin DC-SIGN is a receptor for Schistosoma mansoni egg antigens and recognizes the glycan antigen Lewis x. Glycobiology 2003. 13: 471478.
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