Cerebral malaria is the most severe complication of Plasmodium falciparum infection in humans and the pathogenesis is still unclear. Using the P. berghei ANKA infection model of mice, we investigated a potential involvement of Nlrp3 and the inflammasome in the pathogenesis of cerebral malaria. Nlrp3 mRNA expression was upregulated in brain endothelial cells after exposure to P. berghei ANKA. Although β-hematin, a synthetic compound of the parasites heme polymer hemozoin, induced the release of IL-1β in macrophages through Nlrp3, we did not obtain evidence for a role of IL-1β in vivo. Nlrp3 knock-out mice displayed a delayed onset of cerebral malaria; however, mice deficient in caspase-1, the adaptor protein ASC or the IL-1 receptor succumbed as WT mice. These results indicate that the role of Nlrp3 in experimental cerebral malaria is independent of the inflammasome and the IL-1 receptor pathway.