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Keywords:

  • DCs;
  • IL-10;
  • IL-1 receptor antagonist;
  • Monocytes;
  • Neutrophils

Abstract

Autosomal-dominant hyper-IgE syndrome (AD-HIES) is a primary immunodeficiency caused by STAT3 mutations. This inherited condition is characterized by eczema, staphylococcal cold abscesses and recurrent pulmonary infections. Given that STAT3 is involved in IL-10 signaling, we examined the immunoregulatory role of IL-10 in inflammation by studying the effects of IL-10 on monocytes, neutrophils and monocyte-derived DCs from HIES subjects. Analysis of gene expression in PBMCs and neutrophils isolated from HIES patients and stimulated with LPS in the presence of IL-10 showed reduced expression of IL1RN, which encodes IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1ra), and SOCS3 mRNA but increased CXCL8 mRNA expression. Moreover, secretion of the anti-inflammatory protein IL-1ra was reduced in AD-HIES patients. DCs from HIES patients secreted higher levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and, to a lesser extent, IL-12 when these cells were cultured in the presence of IL-10. These results suggest that IL-10 activity is affected in myeloid cells (e.g. monocytes, DCs) of HIES patients. Impairment of IL-10 signaling in patients with AD-HIES might result in an altered balance between pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory signals and might lead to persistent inflammation and delayed healing after infections.