These authors shared senior authorship.
The transcriptional regulator NAB2 reveals a two-step induction of TRAIL in activated plasmacytoid DCs
Article first published online: 12 SEP 2012
© 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
European Journal of Immunology
Volume 42, Issue 11, pages 3019–3027, November 2012
How to Cite
Balzarolo, M., Karrich, J. J., Engels, S., Blom, B., Medema, J. P. and Wolkers, M. C. (2012), The transcriptional regulator NAB2 reveals a two-step induction of TRAIL in activated plasmacytoid DCs. Eur. J. Immunol., 42: 3019–3027. doi: 10.1002/eji.201242385
- Issue published online: 29 OCT 2012
- Article first published online: 12 SEP 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 18 JUL 2012 01:47AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 11 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 11 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 12 JAN 2012
- Dutch Science Foundation. Grant Number: 916.76.127
- VIDI. Grant Number: 917.66.310
Disclaimer: Supplementary materials have been peer-reviewed but not copyedited.
Supporting Information Figure 1. (A) NAB2 is induced in human pDCs upon CpG, but not upon type I IFN stimulation. Primary human pDCs were activated for 4h with 12.5 μg/ml CpG A or 200 ng/ml IFNα, and NAB2 protein levels were assessed. (B-F) CpG activated CAL-1 cells express CD40, IFNβ and MXA, and kill target cells in a TRAIL-dependent manner. CAL-1 cells were left untreated (-) or activated with Control CpG (Ctrl), CpG or IFNβ for 4h, and CD40 protein levels were measured by flow cytometry and compared with isotype control staining of CpG treated CAL-1 cells (B). mRNA levels of CD40 (C), IFNβ (D) and MXA (E) were assessed by RT-PCR. (F) CAL-1-EV cells were left untreated or CpG-activated for 6h prior to co-culture with DDAO-labeled Jurkat cells for 20h in a ratio 25:1. TRAIL-dependent killing was assessed by adding 10 μg/ml anti-TRAIL antibody to CAL-1 cells 30 min prior to the co-culture (CpG+αTRAIL). Apoptosis induction of DDAO+ Jurkat cells was assessed by AnnexinV or Active Caspase-3 stainings. Numbers represent the percentage of AnnexinV or Active Caspase-3 positive cells. Data are representative of at least 8 (B-D) or 2 (E-F) independent experiments (**p<0.005, ***p<0.001).
Supporting Information Figure 2. Activation of CAL1 cell variants with CpG results in comparable induction of CD40, TNF-α and IRF-7. CAL-1 cell variants were left untreated (Ctrl) or activated for 6h with CpG. (A) CD40 levels were assessed by flow cytometry. Left panel: one representative analysis of CD40 expression of one of 3 independently performed experiments combined in the right panel. (B) TNF-α and IL-6 cytokine expression were measured in the supernatant of 6h untreated or CpG-stimulated CAL-1 cell variants. (C) IRF-7 expression was measured by intracellular flow cytometry staining in CAL-1-EV, – NAB2, -NAB2E51K untreated or stimulated for o/n with CpG. The mean of GeoMFI of IRF-7 minus isotype control are shown. Data are representative of 3 independent experiments (*p<0.05, ***p<0.001). ND: not detectable.
Supporting Information Figure 2. IRF-7 nuclear translocation in CAL-1 cells is not affected by exogenous expression of NAB2 or NAB2E51K. (D-F) CAL-2-EV, -NAB2, or -NAB2E51K were left untreated (Ctrl) or stimulated with CpG for 6h, and IRF-7 translocation was measured with ImageStream technology. Left panel: representative images of Bright field, Hoechst 33258 (Blue), IRF-7 (Orange), and Hoechst 33258/IRF-7 of translocated or non-translocated IRF-7 staining in CAL-1 cells variants. Right panel: Similarity analysis between Hoechst 33258 and IRF-7 in untreated or CpG-stimulated CAL-1 cell variants. Values depicted in the histograms represent the percentage of cells with similarity values above an arbitrary value of 1.7 over a total of approximately 20.000 cells.
Supporting Information Figure 3. NAB2 knowdown by siRNA reduces TRAIL induction in CpG treated CAL1 cells but does not affect CD40 expression. CAL-1 cells were transfected with siGLO transfection indicator together with Ctrl siRNA or siRNA targeting NAB2 in a ratio of 1:3. (A) 48h post-transfection TRAIL expression of unstimulated, or CpG-stimulated CAL-1 cells was measured by flow cytrometry in the siGLO+ and total transfected cell populations. Numbers in the upper right corner represent TRAIL GeoMFI of CpG stimulated cells. (B) The knock-down of NAB2 protein of the total transfected cell population was assessed by Western blot analysis. (C) CD40 expression was measured by flow cytometry in siGLO+ (left panel) or in the total cell population (right panel). Numbers depict the percentage of CD40+ cells. Data are representative of 2 independent experiments.
Supporting Information Figure 4. Activated CAL-1 NAB2E51K cells are less potent in inducing apoptosis in Jurkat cells. (A) DDAO-labeled Jurkat cells were co-cultured for 20h with unstimulated or CpG stimulated CAL-1-EV, -NAB2, or -NAB2E51K cells. Active Caspase-3 was measured in Jurkat cells by CaspGLOW Red Active Caspase-3 Staining Kit. Data are representative of 2 independent experiments.
Supporting Information Figure 5. Analysis of the specificity of inhibition of PI3K , p38MAPK, NF-kB and effects of mTOR and PI3K pathways. (A-B) CAL-1 cells were pre-incubated for 30 min with PI-103 (PI), SB203580 (SB), and BAY11–7082 (Bay), DMSO (Ctrl) or left untreated (-), before being activated with CpG for 30min (A) or 1h (B). Protein expression of Akt, p38MAPK, NF-kB p65 and the respective phosphorylated forms (p-) were assessed by Western blot analysis. NAB2 induction is independent on mTOR. (C) CAL-1 cells were incubated for 30 min with PI-103 (PI) or Rapamycin (Rap) followed by 4h activation with CpG. NAB2 mRNA levels were measured by RT-PCR. (D) CAL-1 cells were stimulated for 4h with CpG in the absence or presence of PI-103, and IFNβ mRNA levels were measured.
Supporting Information Figure 6. Differential TRAIL levels in CAL-1-NAB2E51K cells are not correlated with NAB2E51K expression levels, but rather a consequence of not fully activated CAL-1 cells. (A) CAL-1- NAB2E51K cells were activated for 6h with CpG, and TRAIL expression levels were assessed by flow cytometry of the top GFP-expressing cells (GFP high) the bottom GFP-expressing cells (GFP low). Shaded plots represent unstimulated CAL-1-NAB2E51K cells. Numbers in the upper right corner represent the percentage of TRAIL+ cells upon activation. (B) CAL-1 cells were activated with 5μg/ml of Imiquimod for indicated time points and TRAIL protein levels were assessed by flow cytometry. Data shown display gating strategy (top row) and time course is representative of 3 independently performed experiments.
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