• Dasatinib;
  • Interferon;
  • Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs);
  • TLR9

Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) produce a vast amount of interferon (IFN)-α in response to nucleic acids from viruses and damaged self-cells through Toll-like receptor (TLR)7 and TLR9. Pharmaceutical agents that suppress IFN-α production by pDCs are instrumental in elucidating the mechanisms behind IFN-α production, and in developing novel therapies for inflammatory disorders that involve pDCs. Here, we show that a tyrosine kinase inhibitor for chronic myeloid leukemia with multiple targets, dasatinib, strongly suppresses production of IFN-α and proinflammatory cytokines by human pDCs stimulated with multimeric CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (CpG-A) without reducing viability. In contrast, other tyrosine kinase inhibitors, imatinib, and nilotinib, did not suppress the cytokine production at clinically relevant concentrations. Inhibitors of SRC family kinases (SFKs), which are prominent targets of dasatinib, also suppressed the cytokine production. Notably, however, dasatinib, but not SFK inhibitors, abrogated prolonged localization of CpG-A in early endosomes, which is a critical step for pDCs to produce a large amount of IFN-α. This study suggests that dasatinib suppresses IFN-α production by pDCs by inhibiting SFK-dependent pathways and SFK-independent endosomal retention of CpG DNA. Kinases controlling the distinctive endosomal trafficking in pDCs may be exploited as targets to develop novel therapies for pDC-related inflammatory disorders.