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Keywords:

  • Nanostructures;
  • Silicon;
  • Carbides;
  • Electrospinning;
  • Template synthesis

Abstract

Hollow carbon nanofibers with circular and rectangular opening were prepared by using electrospun silica fibers as templates. Silica fibers were synthesized by electrospinning, and they were coated with a carbon layer formed by thermal decomposition and carbonization of polystyrene under a nitrogen atmosphere. Hollow carbon nanofibers with circular and rectangular openings were then obtained after the silica core was etched by hydrofluoric acid. The carbon nanofibers with different morphologies also could be used as templates to fabricate silicon carbide fibers. The silicon carbide fibers with circular and rectangular openings could be obtained by using hollow carbon nanofibers and carbon belts as templates, respectively. The hollow carbon nanofibers and silicon carbide fibers were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Raman spectroscopy, and the formation mechanism was also discussed(© Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2009)