Silver(I) and Mercury(II) Complexes with 1-Methyl-1,2,4-triazole as Models for Metal-Mediated Base Pairs – Formation of Discrete Complexes in Solution vs. One- and Two-Dimensional Coordination Polymers in the Solid State

Authors

  • Dominik A. Megger,

    1. Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Corrensstraße 28/30, 48149 Münster, Germany, Fax: +49-251-833-6007,
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  • Jutta Kösters,

    1. Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Corrensstraße 28/30, 48149 Münster, Germany, Fax: +49-251-833-6007,
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  • Alexander Hepp,

    1. Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Corrensstraße 28/30, 48149 Münster, Germany, Fax: +49-251-833-6007,
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  • Jens Müller

    1. Institut für Anorganische und Analytische Chemie, Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster, Corrensstraße 28/30, 48149 Münster, Germany, Fax: +49-251-833-6007,
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  • Dedicated to Stephen J. Lippard on the occasion of his 70th birthday

Abstract

The coordination chemistry of 1-methyl-1H-1,2,4-triazole(1-mtri) with respect to the linearly coordinating metal ions silver(I) and mercury(II) has been established. The ligand serves as a model nucleobase for the artificial 1,2,4-triazole nucleoside. Solution studies show that 2:1 complexes are formed with both metal ions in water. Mercury(II) forms more stable complexes than silver(I), with a stability constant of log β2 of 10.5 ± 2.5 vs. 4.3 ± 0.4 for the silver(I) complex. In the solid state, different types of cationic coordination polymers are formed. The silver complex [Ag(1-mtri)](ClO4) (1) comprises a one-dimensional coordination polymer [Ag2(1-mtri)2]n2n+, showing a 1:1 ratio of ligand to metal. By contrast, the mercury complex [Hg(1-mtri)2](ClO4)2 (2) retains a 2:1 stoichiometry while forming a two-dimensional coordination polymer. In compound 2, mercury(II) is coordinated in a distorted octahedral fashion, with two normal and four long bonds, resulting in a compressed octahedron.

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