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Pseudohalide-Controlled Assemblies of Copper–Schiff Base Complexes with an Encapsulated Sodium Ion: Synthesis, Crystal Structure, and Computational Studies



Three new hetero-bimetallic coordination complexes [Na(CuIIL1)2](ClO4)·0.5H2O (1), [Na(CuIIL2)2][CuI21,3-NCS)3]n (2), and {[Na(CuIIL3)2](μ1,5-dca)}n (3; dca = dicyanamide) have been synthesized by using different Schiff base ligands [e.g., L1H2 = N,N′-bis(3-methoxysalicylidenimino)-1,3-diaminopentane, L2H2 = N,N′-bis(3-ethoxysalicylidenimino)-1,3-diaminopropane, and L3H2 = N,N′-bis(5-bromo-3-methoxysalicylidenimino)-1,3-diaminopropane] in the presence of pseudohalide coligands N3, SCN, and N(CN)2 (dca), respectively. The ligands and the complexes have been characterized by microanalytical and spectroscopic techniques. The structures of the complexes, determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction studies, show that in all cases a trinuclear Na(CuIIL)2 unit is formed, but of different configurations. 1 does not include N3 anions. In contrast, in 2, SCN extrudes partial in situ reduction of CuII to lead to the formation of an infinite [CuI21,3-NCS)3]n anionic chain; and in 3, N(CN)2 bridges the metal–ligand assemblies to form a 1D polymeric chain. ESI-MS, UV/Vis spectroscopy, and cyclic voltammetry were performed to investigate the solution-state behavior of the complexes. Theoretical calculations of the optimized geometries of the complexes were carried out at the BLYP/DNP level to determine their relative stabilities from the HOMO–LUMO gap and chemical softness values.